Archive for January, 2013

Step by Step Sonographic Atlas of Thyroid & Appendix — Behind the Story Behind the Book

Thursday, January 31st, 2013

Guest Author: Dr. Joe Antony, MD

In this short article, I will describe, in brief about what led me to writing this short textbook on sonography of thyroid and Apppendix. It all began with some e-mails I exchanged with Marveen Craig, a senior sonographer and writer based in the USA. Having already entered online publishing via my websites on sonography she suggested that it might be a wise idea to write and publish in the print media also. Having already published a major website and a number of blogs related to ultrasound imaging which fare well on the Internet I was attracted to this new opportunity.

    I realized the perils and pitfalls of publishing in the print media and that the success I had in online publishing may not hold true for print publishing. All the same I decided I must try this out. That was the origin of my entry into the world of book writing. The next thing was to select the topic of the book. I had already had considerable experience in thyroid ultrasound which prompted me to write on this topic. There are very few books that deal with the intricacies of thyroid ultrasound. In addition imaging of the appendix was also another grey area with little material or books available on this topic. That is how I decided to write on a topic or rather two topics covered in one book. As was the case with my ultrasound related website I decided to keep the book short simple and packed with images. As the saying goes, one picture is worth a 1000 words, I decided that this book would be all about educating about thyroid and Apppendix ultrasound almost entirely based on the use of high resolution sonographic images. Within a matter of months I prepared the entire groundwork for this book acquiring and assimilating the best images possible on thyroid and Apppendix sonography. I spent almost a year in reading and preparing the draft of this book. At the end of it the book was submitted to the publishers and I waited for their opinion. A short period of waiting and I got the green signal to publish the book.

   And that is about all about how and why I wrote and published this book:  Sonographic Atlas of thyroid and Apppendix. The rest is history and have never looked back.

Author’s Bio:

DR. JOE ANTONY is a well-established radiologist at Silverline Endocrinology Hospital at Cochin, India. A specialist with 22 years experience in ultrasound, Xrays and CT scan/ MRI scan, he has written the textbook “Sonographic atlas of thyroid and appendix“, and has also created his own website, where one can browse through the high resolution sonographic images from some of the topmost radiologists, sonographers and sonologists in the business.

Books that Help You Go Against Internet Addiction

Wednesday, January 30th, 2013

Author: Sherry Helms

It is true that today, internet is the world’s biggest and broadest source of knowledge, entertainment, brand building, commerce and education, and has definitely altered over the years the way we live, think, work and communicate. But, this vast system of networking also boasts a darker side — Addiction. Obsession of Internet Surfing, Online Gaming, Cybersex and Chat Rooms is the trash of World Wide Web that has polluted millions of young minds.

This post is our clarion call for all the netizen to prevent themselves and their younger ones from becoming the victim of such life-paralyzing addiction of internet. We have enlisted below some book titles that will help you work against Internet addiction. These books will not only work as a great source of inspiration to not to become an internet addict, but also come out like a ‘web rehab’ for those who are already trapped in the same.

Cyber Junkie: Escape the Gaming and Internet Trap – For majority of North Americans, their favorite sources of entertainment are video gaming and internet surfing. And, the current scenario is they are becoming obsessed with these high-tech entertainment sources, and because of which they start isolating themselves from family and friends, ignoring reality, losing sleep, and even their career. here comes the role of this groundbreaking book. Written by a recovering video game addict Kevin Roberts, this book is based on scientific and social research, offering a step-by-step guidelines for recovery. The author complemented the book by his and others addicts’ personal stories to help obsessive gamers and surfers going against addiction.

The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains – With the help of this book, author Nicholas Carr asks every netizens that “As we enjoy the Net’s bounties, are we sacrificing our ability to read and think deeply?” He not only question but also discusses and makes points on this serious issue. Explaining how the printed books helped us to be attentive by promoting deep and creative thought, he asserts that the Internet, on contrary, encourages the quick and distracted notice of little bit information from variety of sources. He makes point that though we are becoming more skilled in technology, we’re losing our ability of concentrating, contemplating, and reflecting.

Caught in the Net: How to Recognize the Signs of Internet Addiction–and a Winning Strategy for Recovery – Drawing on the expanding stretch of Internet Addiction, author Kimberly Young chronicles the outcomes of her three-year study of Internet abuse to present this book. She further shares in the volume the stories of dozens of lives that were devastated by an irresistible compulsion of internet surfing, MUD games, or chatting with distant and unfamiliar persons just for fun. To help Netizens find out whether they are addicts, she also offers a questionnaire, and further discusses over essential steps that will help compulsive users to regulate their Internet activities in a balanced way.

Internet Addiction: A Handbook and Guide to Evaluation and Treatment – This is the book that not only help us assessing Internet Addiction but also offers course of action for its appropriate treatment.  Discussing the problems like online gaming compulsion, cybersex addiction, and gambling addiction, Kimberly Young provides a comprehensive yet latest overview of the different types of Internet addiction. Drawing on the rapid rise in media and technology use by iGeneration young adults, especially teenagers, this book appeals that an extensive attention to deal with adolescents’ internet behavior is required.

In the Shadows of the Net: Breaking Free of Compulsive Online Sexual Behavior – The online sexual behavior is a problem that was first addressed five years back in the first edition of In the Shadows of the Net by Patrick Carnes and coauthors. Now, this new edition updated with the latest information, trends, and developments is equipped with explicit arrangement for recognizing and altering the compulsive online sexual behaviors. Through personal stories, authors shows online sex addicts that how addiction can make their life so distressful with the factors like divorce, career loss, and financial wreck. Not only this, authors also help them by setting forth a well-arranged path for breaking free from compulsive online sexual behavior, and to sustain a lifetime resumption.

Nonparametric Inference On Manifolds: An Statistical Analysis Of Shapes Of Images

Tuesday, January 29th, 2013

Guest Author: Abhishek Bhattacharya

Analyses of shapes of digital images play a vital role today in science and technology, and also in many aspects of our daily life. Consider for example the problem in morphometrics of determining the gender of an extinct species based on the shape of fossilized bones of a few specimens. An application in medical diagnostics can be the detection of presence or absence of a disease based on any deformation in the shape of a particular organ. Then in robotics one would need shape analysis tools to help the robot understand a particular scene. There are many such applications in diverse fields of biology, image analysis, machine vision, and many more. This book seeks to advance the analysis of images, through the statistical analysis of shapes of images.

The statistical analysis of shapes involves developing statistical inference tools on the so called spaces of shapes. These shape spaces are special geometric objects called manifolds which are very different from the real line or the higher dimensional planes. Various dimensional planes form a special category of manifolds, the so called linear or Euclidean manifolds. Most statistical literature is dedicated to the analysis of data on Euclidean manifolds and very little work exists when the data is non-linear. This book presents in a systematic manner a general theory of statistics on general manifolds with emphasis on manifolds of shapes, and with applications to diverse fields of science and engineering.

Apart from the shape spaces, another simpler manifold of interest is the sphere of one (circle), two (ball) or higher dimension. Statistical inference on spheres finds applications in directional data analysis, an application being the study of shifts in the Earth’s magnetic poles over geological time, which have an important bearing on the subject of tectonics. This book takes a fresh look in analyzing existing data pertaining to a number of such applications. The goal is to lay the framework for other future applications of this exciting emerging field of statistics.

Most of the past statistical literature on manifolds, especially that on shape spaces, has focused on parametric models which means that the data is assumed to come from a fixed class of distributions and the inference holds only if that assumption is true, which is hardly ever the case except in simulated examples. This book mainly deals with nonparametric theory of statistics on manifolds, which makes no model assumptions on the given data. The inference is shown to be asymptotically consistent irrespective of the underlying model. In all the data examples, the developed methodology seems to provide sharper inferences than do their parametric counterparts.

This book develops both nonparametric frequentist and nonparametric Bayesian inference on manifolds. For frequentist inference concepts of center and spread are defined on manifolds and their properties studied like uniqueness, consistency and asymptotic distribution. Confidence regions are constructed and hypothesis testing performed based on these properties. Their bootstrap counterparts are also used.

For Bayesian inference, nonparametric Bayes procedures are developed for functional inference on manifolds including nonparametric density estimation, regression, classification and hypothesis testing.

The developed methods are applied to manifolds of special interest such as spheres, projective spaces and spaces of various notions of shapes such as similarity shapes, reflection similarity shapes, affine shapes and projective shapes.

This book is suitable for graduate students in mathematics, statistics, engineering and computer science who have taken a graduate course in asymptotic statistics and differential geometry. For such students special topic courses may be based on it. This book is also meant to serve as a reference for researchers in the areas mentioned. For the benefit of the readers two appendices are provided on differential geometry and one each on nonparametric Bayes inference and some commonly used parametric models on spheres and shape spaces. These models play a significant role in constructing nonparametric Bayes priors for density estimation and shape classification in the book chapters.

The book “Nonparametric Inference on Manifolds is the result of the joint efforts by Prof. Abhishek Bhattacharya (Indian Statistical Institute) and Prof. Rabi Bhattacharya (University of Arizona). It is published in 2012 as an Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS) monograph by Cambridge University Press.

These IMS monographs are research monographs of high quality on any branch of statistics or probability of sufficient interest to warrant publication as books. Some concern relatively traditional topics in need of up-to-date assessment while others are on emerging themes. In all cases the objective is to provide a balanced view of the field.

Our Guest author, Dr. Abhishek Bhattacharya is Assistant Professor in the Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics Unit (SMU) at the Indian Statistical Institute. He has written several articles for leading journals like IMS collections, AMS proceedings, Sankhya, Bayesian Statistics, Biometrika, JMVA, AISM and JASA including this Cambridge University Press book. Details of his work can be accessed from his webpage

7 Must-read Books on Holocaust

Friday, January 25th, 2013

Author: Sherry Helms

January 27, the coming Sunday, is the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. As proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly on 1 November 2005, this day is an international memorial day for the victims of the Holocaust, the genocide that resulted in the annihilation of 6 million Jews, 2 million Gypsies, 15,000 homosexual people and millions of others by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

As per the war records, 27 January is the date in 1945 when the largest Nazi death camp, Auschwitz-Birkenau, was liberated by Soviet troops.

So, on the coming Sunday, let’s remember the victims of holocaust through the work of literature. Here is a list of 7 must-read books on Holocaust that give you an account of that horrifying and sobering scenes of the Nazi Germany. Take a look:

The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank - This is an Autobiography of Anne Frank. Discovered in the attic in which she spent the last years of her life, Anne Frank’s remarkable diary has since become a world classic as a powerful reminder of the horrors of the holocaust in Nazis occupying Holland and an eloquent testament to the human spirit. In 1942, when Nazis overpowered the Holland, Anne Frank, a thirteen-year-old Jewish girl, and her family fled their home in Amsterdam and went into hiding with another family. In her diary Anne Frank recorded vivid impressions of her experiences she had during this period.

The Book Thief by Markus Zusak - Set during World War II in Germany, this groundbreaking novel is the story of Liesel Meminger, a foster girl living outside of Munich. Liesel scratches out a meager existence for herself by stealing when she encounters something she can’t resist – books. With the help of her accordion-playing foster father, she learns to read and shares her stolen books with her neighbors during bombing raids as well as with the Jewish man hidden in her basement before he is marched to Dachau.

This is an unforgettable story about the ability of books to feed the soul.

Night by Elie Wiesel - This is a terrifying account of the Nazi death camp horror that turns a young Jewish boy into an agonized witness to the death of his family…the death of his innocence…and the death of his God. Penetrating and powerful, as personal as The Diary Of Anne Frank, Night awakens the shocking memory of evil at its absolute and carries with it the unforgettable message that this horror must never be allowed to happen again.

The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas   by John BoyneThis is a story of Bruno, a school boy, who with his family moves to a new house that is far, far away, where there is no one to play with and nothing to do. Just a tall fence running alongside stretches as far as the eye can see. But Bruno longs to be an explorer and decides that there must be more to this desolate new place than meets the eye. While exploring his new environment, he meets another boy wearing striped pajamas, whose life and circumstances are very different to his own, and their meeting results in a friendship that has devastating consequences.

Schindler’s List by Thomas Keneally - This famous book recreates the true story of Oskar Schindler, the Czech-born southern German industrialist who risked his life to save over 1,100 of his Jewish factory workers from the death camps in Nazi-occupied Poland. Based on the recollections of the Schindlerjuden (Schindler’s Jews), Schindler himself, and other witnesses, this documentary novel recounts the lives of the flamboyant profiteer and womanizer Schindler; Schindler’s long-suffering wife, Emilie; the brutal SS (Nazi secret service) commandant Amon Goeth; Schindler’s quietly courageous factory manager, Itzhak Stern; and dozens of other Jews who underwent the horrors of the Nazi machinery.

Number the Stars by Lois Lowry - Ten-year-old Annemarie Johansen and her best friend Ellen Rosen often think of life before the war. It’s now 1943 and their life in Copenhagen is filled with school, food shortages, and the Nazi soldiers marching through town. When the Jews of Denmark are “relocated,” Ellen moves in with the Johansens and pretends to be one of the family. Soon Annemarie is asked to go on a dangerous mission to save Ellen’s life.

Auschwitz: A Doctor’s Eyewitness Account by Miklos Nyiszli - “The best brief account of the Auschwitz experience available.”—The New York Review of Books.

When the Nazis invaded Hungary in 1944, they sent virtually the entire Jewish population to Auschwitz in a prison camp. A Jew, a medical doctor, and a prisoner, Dr. Miklos Nyiszli was spared from death for a grimmer fate to perform scientific research on his fellow inmates under the supervision of the infamous Dr. Josef Mengele popularly regarded as the “Angel of Death”. Miraculously, he survived to archive his petrifying experiences under Nazis and came up with this book.

Well, this is our selection of best books on holocaust. But, if you have in your mind some other title(s) as the best account of horrendous holocaust, you’re most welcome to mention the same in the comment section.

Guest Post: Morality, Jus Post Bellum, and International Law: Post-war Issues

Thursday, January 24th, 2013

Guest Authors: Larry May and Andrew T. Forcehimes

There are well recognized moral and legal problems concerning the initiation as well as the conduct of war or armed conflict. But the moral and legal problems that arise at the end of armed conflict or war has not until recently been given serious attention. Having joined the significant debate in law and philosophy about jus ad bellum and the jus in bello, the complicated issues of jus post bellum are now beginning to be explored. The collection of essays in Morality, Jus Post Bellum, and International Law brings together some of the leading legal, political and moral theorists to discuss the normative issues that arise when war concludes and when a society strives to transition to peace.

            Given the focus on this transitional period, there is considerable overlap between transitional justice and jus post bellum. Transitional justice concerns the normative considerations that apply to a society that is moving from a repressive, non-democratic society to one that is non-repressive and democratic. Most of the repressive societies that are in this state of transition are also societies emerging from a period of mass atrocity or from a civil war. Since societies are trying to regain peace after a period of war or armed conflict, one of the most important questions for both emerging fields of inquiry is when it is justified to prosecute political and military leaders who have clearly caused harm. And if there are to be such trials, which often make tensions worse in the society in question, how and where should they be conducted? And how should we treat reparation pleas, which likewise threaten to disrupt fragile peace-building processes?  The collection begins with essays that provide specific answers to these questions.

            We then turn to essays that discuss specific, often practical, issues involved in the transition from war, mass atrocity, or repressive regimes, to a just and lasting peace. Should all non-democratic regimes be toppled, or is it sufficient for a regime simply to be less repressive than before, having transitioned to a now thoroughly peaceful state that is protective of human rights? Are there moral reasons for thinking that soldiers should be relieved of responsibility so as to advance the goal of peace-building? And, how should we view cases of economic actors as well as child soldiers?

            We round out our collection by turning to a question concerning the field of jus post bellum itself. Should it be regarded as a distinct and helpful field of inquiry? Or, is it theoretically useless and pragmatically worrisome? The anthology thus concludes with three pieces, the first two, one by a philosopher and one by a lawyer, offer significant skeptical challenges to the very idea of jus post bellum. And in the final essay we (the editors) attempt to address this skepticism.

Authors’ Bio:

Larry May is W. Alton Jones Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Law at Vanderbilt University, as well as Professorial Fellow at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at Charles Sturt and Australian National Universities. He is the author of Crimes Against Humanity: A Normative Account (Cambridge University Press, 2005), War Crimes and Just War (Cambridge University Press, 2007), Aggression and Crimes against Peace (Cambridge University Press, 2008), Genocide: A Normative Account (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and Global Justice and Due Process (Cambridge University Press, 2010). He is also the editor of International Criminal Law and Philosophy (Cambridge University Press, 2009).

Andrew T. Forcehimes is currently working on his PhD in philosophy at Vanderbilt University. He has published articles on deliberative democracy, multiculturalism and decision theory.


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