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A Manual of Practical Zoology Chordates [For Graduate and Postgraduate Students of all Indian Universities] 11th Revised Edition,8121908302,9788121908306

A Manual of Practical Zoology Chordates [For Graduate and Postgraduate Students of all Indian Universities] 11th Revised Edition

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Publisher:S. Chand & Company Ltd.
Published In:2012
ISBN-10:8121908302
ISBN-13:9788121908306
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:1.56 lbs
Pages:pp. xii + 515, Figures, Charts

The Title "A Manual of Practical Zoology Chordates [For Graduate and Postgraduate Students of all Indian Universities] 11th Revised Edition" is written by P.S. Verma. This book was published in the year 2012. The ISBN number 8121908302|9788121908306 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. The book displayed here is a 11th Revised Edition edition. This book has total of pp. xii + 515 (Pages). The publisher of this title is S. Chand & Company Ltd.. We have about 1798 other great books from this publisher. A Manual of Practical Zoology Chordates [For Graduate and Postgraduate Students of all Indian Universities] 11th Revised Edition is currently Not Available with us.You can enquire about this book and we will let you know the availability.

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About the Book

Dr. P.S. Verma did his M. Sc. in 1963 and Ph. D. in 1966 from Agra University, Agra Since then he taught in Meerut College, Meerut (Meerut University) till June 2000 During the period of teaching He taught Graduate and Postgraduate students. He was engaged in Research and also guided several Ph. D. students and published several research papers

Dr. Verma has written several books in Zoology which includes, Biology for schools, Biology for XI and XII Classes (CBSE and ISC) and several books on Zoology for under Graduate and Postgraduate students He is a celebrated author of Zoology books. Some of his books are in the market for more than three decades. His famous books are :
- Invertebrate Zoology
- Chordate Zoology
- Practical Zoology-Invertebrate
- He is a co-author with Dr V.K Aggarwal in Cell Biology (Complete Edition).
- Genetics
- Cytology
- Chordate Embryology
- Textbook of Biology for Class IX and co-author with Dr. V.K. Aggarwal
- A Textbook of Biology for Classes XI and XII and ISC Biology for Classes XI and XII.

Contents

Chap. I : GENERAL DIRECTIONS FOR LABORATORY WORK :
1. Students' Equipments
2. Directions to the Students
3. Dissections
4. Flag-labelling
5. Mountings
6. Study of Museum Specimens
7. Study of Slides
8. Practical Note Book (Practical Record)
9. Spotting

Chap. II : MICROSCOPES :
1. Resolving Power of Microscope
2. Types of Microscopes
3. Simple or Dissecting Microscope
4. Operation of Simple Microscope
5. Compound Microscope
6. Parts of Compound Microscope
7. Setting the Microscope
8. Focussing of Microscope
9. Care and Precautions in Handling the Microscope
10. Binocular Microscope
11. Ultramicroscope
12. Ultraviolet Microscope
13. Fluorescence Microscope
14. Dark-field Microscope
15. Phase-contrast Microscope
16. Interference Microscope
17. Polarising Microscope
18. X-ray Microscope
19. Electron Microscope

Chap. III : PREPARATION OF LABORATORY REAGENTS :
1. Fixatives or Fixing Agents
2. Grades of Alcohol
3. Acid Alcohol
4. Stains (Dyes)
5. Other Reagents

Chap. IV : DISSECTIONS :
1. Instructions for Dissections
2. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
3. External Features
4. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
5. General Anatomy
6. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
7. Heart and Afferent Branchial Arteries
8. Heart
9. Afferent Branchial Arteries
10. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
11. Efferent Branchial Arteries
12. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
13. Cranial Nerves
14. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
15. Eye Muscles and Nerves
16. Scoliodon (Dog-fish)
17. Internal Ear
18. Accessory Respiratory Organs
19. Anabas
20. Clarias
21. Heteropneustes or Saccobranchus
22. Rana Tigrina (Frog)
23. External Features
24. Rana Tigrina (Frog)
25. General Anatomy
26. Reproductive organs
27. Rana Tigrina (Frog)
28. Venous System
29. Rana Tigrina (Frog)
30. Arterial System
31. Rana Tigrina (Frog)
32. Cranial Nerves
33. Rana Tigrina (Frog)
34. Internal Ear
35. Columella Auris
36. Uromastix (Lizard)
37. External Features
38. Uromastix (Lizard)
39. Venous System
40. Uromastix (Lizard)
41. Arterial System
42. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
43. External Features
44. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
45. General Anatomy
46. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
47. Flight Muscles
48. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
49. Perching Muscles
50. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
51. Venous System
52. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
53. Arterial System
54. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
55. Air-sacs
56. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
57. Pecten
58. Rattus Rattus (Rat)
59. External Features
60. Rattus Rattus (Rat)
61. General Anatomy
62. Rattus Rattus (Rat)
63. Venous System
64. Rattus Rattus (Rat)
65. Arterial System
66. Raffus Rattus (Rat)
67. Male Urinogenital Organs
68. Rattus Rattus (Rat)
69. Female Urinogenital Organs
70. Rattus Rattus (Rat)
71. Neck Nerves

Chap. V : PREPARATION OF PERMANENT SLIDES :
1. Methods of Preparation of Permanent Slides
2. Temporary Mounting
3. Permanent Mounting
4. Summary of Permanent Mounting

Chap. VI : IMPORTANT MOUNTINGS :
1. Protochordates
2. Spicules of Herdmania
3. Neural Gland, Nerve Ganglion and Dorsal Tubercle (Neural complex) of Herdmania
4. Salpa (Whole mount)
5. Doliolum (Whole mount)
6. Amphioxus (Whole mount)
7. Oral Hood of Amphioxus
8. Velum of Amphioxus
9. Pharyngeal Wall of Amphioxus
10. Fishes
11. Placoid Scales of Scoliodon
12. Cycloid Scales of Labeo (Rohu)
13. Ctenoid Scales of Nandus
14. Rhomboid Scales of Lepidosteus
15. Ampulla of Lorenzini
16. Amphibia
17. Squamous Epithelium
18. Ciliated Epithelium
19. Striated (Striped) Muscles
20. Unstriated (Unstriped) Muscles
21. T. S. of Cartilage
22. Medullated and Non-medullated Nerve Fibres
23. Blood of Frog
24. Aves
25. Pecten of Pigeon
26. Filoplume
27. Mammals
28. Blood of Rat

Chap. VII : STUDY OF MUSEUM SPECIMENS (MUSEOLOGY) :
1. Museology
2. Collection
3. Preservation
4. Collection and Preservation in Chordate Groups
5. Arrangement and Care of Specimens in Museum
6. Instructions to Draw Museum Specimens

Chap. VIII : PHYLUM CHORDATA :
1. General Characters
2. Outline Classification of Phylum Chordata
3. Group I. Protochordata or Acraniata
4. Subphylum 1. Hemichordata
5. Subphylum 2. Urochordata
6. Phylum-Chordata
7. Subphylum 3. Cephalochordata
8. Group II. Chordata or Craniata
9. Subphylum Vertebrata

Chap. IX : GROUP-PROTOCHORDATA :
1. General Characters
2. Group-Protochordata
3. Subphylum-Hemichordata
4. Subphylum-Urochordata
5. Class-Ascidiacea
6. Class-Thaliacea
7. Subphylum I-Hemichordata
8. Class I-Enteropneusta
9. Class II-Pterobranchia
10. Subphylum II-Urochordata
11. Class I-Larvacea
12. Class II-Ascidiacea
13. Class III-Thaliacea
14. Subphylum III-Cephalochordata
15. Museum Specimens of Protochordata
16. Balanoglossus
17. Saccoglossus
18. Ptychodera
19. Cephalodiscus
20. Rhabdopleura
21. Oikopleura
22. Herdmania
23. Dona
24. Ascidia
25. Molgula
26. Botryllus
27. Clavellina
28. Pyrosoma
29. Doliolum
30. General Organisation
31. Sexual form or Gonozooid
32. Asexual form or Oozooid
33. Salpa
34. Amphioxus

Chap. X : CLASS-CYCLOSTOMATA :
1. General Characters
2. Class-Cyclostomata
3. Museum Specimens of Cyclostomata
4. Petromyzon (=Lampetra)
5. Myxine
6. Bdellostoma
7. Ammocoete Larva

Chap. XI : SUPERCLASS-PISCES :
1. General Characters
2. Outline Classification of Superclass Pisces (=Fishes)
3. Superclass Pisces
4. Subclass A. Actinopterygii
5. Class I. Chondrichthyes (=Elasmobranchii)
6. Subclass A. Selachil
7. Subclass B. Brachyodonti
8. Class II. Osteichthyes
9. Subclass A. Actinopterygii
10. Subclass B. Sarcopterygii (=Choanichthyes)
11. Museum Specimens of Fishes
12. Class; Chondrichthyes
13. (Cartilaginous fishes)
14. Scoliodon
15. Chiloscyllium
16. Stegostoma
17. Sphyma
18. Scyllium
19. Rhinobatus
20. Trygon (Sting-ray)
21. Myliobatis (Eagle-ray)
22. Pristis (Saw-fish)
23. Raja or Raia (Skate)
24. Torpedo or Astrape (Electric-ray)
25. Chimaera (Rat-fish)
26. Class Osteichthyes
27. Bony Fishes
28. Polypterus (Bichir)
29. Acipenser (Sturgeon)
30. Polyodon (Paddle-fish)
31. Amia (Bowfin)
32. Lepidosteus (Garpike)
33. Salmo (Trout)
34. Esox (Pike)
35. Hilsa
36. Harpodon
37. Notopterus (Chitala)
38. Labeo Rohita (Rohu)
39. Catla
40. Cyprinus (European carp)
41. Cirrhina Mrigala (Mrigal)
42. Barbus sarana (=Puntius)
43. Arius
44. Heteropneustes (Saccobranchus)
45. Clarias (Mangur)
46. Wallago (Lachi)
47. Mystus
48. Rita
49. Anguilla (Eel)
50. Belone (Xenentodon)
51. Hemirhamphus
52. Exocoetus
53. Hippocampus (Sea-horse)
54. Fistularia (Flute-fish)
55. Syngnathus (Pipe-fish)
56. Ophiocephalus (Channa)
57. Amphipnous
58. Anabas
59. Trichiurus
60. Cybium (Scomberomorus)
61. Trichogaster
62. Pterois (Scorpion-fish)
63. Synaptura (Flat-fish)
64. Echeneis (Sucker-fish)
65. Ostracion
66. Tetroodon
67. Diodon
68. Lophius
69. Antennarius
70. Neoceratodus
71. Protopterus (African Lung-fish)
72. Lepidosiren (American Lung-fish)
73. Shark Embryo with Yolk-sac
74. Egg-capsule of Shark

Chap. XII : CLASS AMPHIBIA :
1. General Characters
2. Class-Amphibia
3. Subclasses
4. Subclass B. Lissamphibia
5. Orders
6. Order II Urodela
7. Suborder
8. Order III Anura
9. Suborder
10. Museum Specimens of Amphibia
11. Ichthyophis (Caecilian)
12. Uraeotyphlus
13. Cryptobranchus (Hell-bender)
14. Ambystoma (Tiger Salamander)
15. Axolotl Larva
16. Salamandra (European Fire Salamander)
17. Amphiuma (Congo Eel)
18. Triton (European Crested Newt)
19. Classification
20. Proteus (European Blind Cave Salamander)
21. Necturus (Mud Puppy)
22. Siren (Mud Eel)
23. Ascaphus
24. Alytes (Mid-wife Toad)
25. Pipa (Surinam Toad)
26. Bombinator (Fire-bellied Toad)
27. Bufo (True Toad)
28. Hyla (Tree Frog)
29. Rhacophorus (Flying Frog)
30. Rana (Indian Bull-Frog)

Chap. XIII : CLASS-REPTILIA :
1. General Characters
2. Class-Reptilia
3. Musuem Specimens of Reptilia
4. Chelone (=Chelonia) (Green Turtle)
5. Chrysemys (Painted Terrapin)
6. Kachuga (Roofed Terrapin)
7. Trionyx (Soft River Terrapin)
8. Testudo (Giant Turtle)
9. Sphenodon (Tuatara)
10. Hemidactylus (Common House Lizard)
11. Calotes (Garden Lizard)
12. Crotaphylus (Collared Lizard)
13. Draco (Flying Dragon)
14. Moloch
15. Phrynosoma (Horned Toad)
16. Iguana
17. Heloderma (Gila Monster)
18. Varanus (Common Indian Monitor)
19. Mabuia (Skink)
20. Chamaeleon
21. Ophisaurus (Glass Snake)
22. Rhineura (Worm Lizard)
23. Distinguishing features of Poisonous and Non-Poisonous Snakes
24. Key for Identification of Poisonous and Non-poisonous Snakes
25. Typhlops (Blind Snake)
26. Python (Ajgar)
27. Eryx (Indian Sand-Boa)
28. Natrix (Water-snake)
29. Zamenis=Ptyas (Dhaman)
30. Dendrophis (Tree-snake)
31. Lycodon (Common Wolf-snake)
32. Bungarus (Krait)
33. Naja (Indian Cobra)
34. Baps=Micrurus (Coral Snake)
35. Viper (Russell's Viper)
36. Ancistrodon=Agkistrodon (Himalayan Pit-viper)
37. Hydrophis (Sea-snake)
38. Enhydrina
39. Crotalus (Rattle-snake)
40. Crocodylus (Mugger)
41. Alligator
42. Gavialis (Ghariyal)
43. Extinct Reptiles (Dinosaurs) : Models
44. Ichthyosaurus
45. Dimetrodon
46. Brontosaurus
47. Diplodocus
48. Tyrannosaurus
49. Iguanodon
50. Stegosaurus
51. Rhamphorhynchus
52. Pteranodon

CHAP. XIV : CLASS-AVES (BIRDS) :
1. General Characters
2. Class-Aves
3. Subclass II-Neornitties
4. Superorder I-Odontognathae
5. Superorder II-Palaeognathae
6. Superorder III-Impennae
7. Superorder IV-Neognathae (Carinatae)
8. Museum Specimens of Aves
9. Phoenicopterus (Flamingo)
10. Milvus (Kite)
11. Gyps (Vulture)
12. Pavo (Peacock)
13. Columba Livia (Pigeon)
14. Eudynamys (Koel)
15. Psittacula (Parrot)
16. Bubo (Horned Owl)
17. Coracias (Nilkanth)
18. Dinopium (Woodpecker)
19. Passer (House Sparrow)
20. Corvus (Crow)
21. Archaeopteryx
22. Types of Feathers in Birds
23. Typical Quill Feathers
24. Contour Feather
25. Filoplume Feather
26. Down Feather
27. Types of Beaks in Birds
28. Types of Feet or Claws in Birds

Chap. XV : CLASS MAMMALIA :
1. General Characters
2. Class-Mammalia
3. Subclass I-Theria
4. Subclass I-Prototheria
5. Order 1. Monotremata
6. Subclass II-Theria
7. Infraclass I-Metatheria
8. Infraclass II-Eutheria
9. Museum Specimens of Mammalia
10. Echidna (Tachyglossus) (Spiny Anteater)
11. Ornithorhynchus (Duck-bill Platypus)
12. Macropus (Kangaroo)
13. Erinaceus (Hedgehog)
14. Talpa (Mole)
15. Sorex (Shrew)
16. Pteropus (Flying-fox)
17. Bat
18. Loris
19. Manis
20. Hystrix (Porcupine)
21. Funambulus (Squirrel)
22. Rattus (Common Black Rat)
23. Oryctolagus (Rabbit)
24. Lepus (Hare)
25. Herpestes (Mongoose)
26. Lutra (Otter)
27. Felis Domesticus (Cat)
28. Felis Leo (Panthera Leo) (Lion)
29. Cams Familiaris (Dog)
30. Melursus Ursinus (Sloth Bear)
31. Acinonyx Jubatus (Cheetah)
32. Hyaena Striata (Hyaena)
33. Phoca (Seal)
34. Platanista Gangetica (Ganges Dolphin)
35. Macaca (Rhesus Monkey)
36. Hylobates (Gibbon)
37. Pan Triglodytes (Chimpanzee)
38. Pongo (Orang-utan)
39. Gorilla (Gorilla)
40. Elephas Maximus (Elephant)
41. Equus Cabalus (Horse)
42. Equus Zebra (Zebra)
43. Equus Hemionus (Ass or Donkey)
44. Rhinoceros
45. Camelus Dromedarius (Arabian Camel)
46. Sus Scrofa (Wild Boar)
47. Giraffa Camelopardalis (Giraffe)
48. Ovibos Moschatus (Musk Ox)
49. Ovis (Sheep)
50. Moschus moschiferous (Musk Deer)

Chap. XVI : SLIDES OF PROTOCHORDATA :
1. T. S. of Proboscis of Balanoglossus
2. T. S. of Collar of Balanoglossus
3. T. S. of Branchiogenital Region of Balanoglossus
4. T. S. of Post-hepatic
5. Intestine of Balanoglossus
6. M. LS. of Anterior Region of Balanoglossus
7. Tomaria Larva (Whole mount)
8. Spicules of Herdmania
9. Microscleres
10. Megascleres
11. Tadpole Larva of Herdmania
12. L. S. of Anterior Part of Amphioxus
13. T. S. of Amphioxus through Oral Hood
14. T. S. of Amphioxus through Anterior Pharynx
15. T. S. of Male Amphioxus through Posterior Pharynx showing Testes and Liver Diverticulum
16. T. S. of Female Amphioxus through Posterior Pharynx showing Ovaries and Liver-diverticulum
17. T. S. of Amphioxus through Intestine or Midgut
18. T. S. of Amphioxus through Atriopore
19. T. S. of Amphioxus through Anal Region
20. T. S. of Amphioxus through Caudal Region
21. Velum of Amphioxus (Whole mount)
22. Oral Hood of Amphioxus (Whole mount)

Chap. XVII : SLIDES OF CYLOSTOMATA :
1. T. S. of Ammocoete Larva through the Pharyngeal Region
2. T. S. of Ammocoete Larva through the Liver
3. T. S. of Ammocoete Larva through the Intestine or Gut
4. T. S. of Ammocoete Larva through the Heart
5. T. S. of Petromyzon through Branchial (Pharyngeal) Region
6. T. S. of Petromyzon through Posterior Trunk Region
7. T. S. of Petromyzon through the Tail (Caudal) Region

Chap. XVIII : SLIDES OF FISHES :
1. V. S. of Skin of Shark
2. T. S. of Scoliodon (Hand Cut Section) through the Olfactory Region
3. T. S. of Scoliodon (Hand Cut section) through the Branchial Region
4. T. S. of Scoliodon (Hand Cut section) through the Stomach and Liver
5. T. S. of Scoliodon (Hand Cut section) through the Intestine
6. T. S. of Scoliodon (Hand Cut section) through the Base of Pelvic Fin of Male and Female
7. T. S. of Scoliodon (Hand Cut section) through Caudal Region
8. Ampulla of Lorenzini
9. Placoid Scale of Scoliodon (Whole Mount)
10. Cycloid Scale (Whole Mount)
11. Ctenoid Scale (Whole Mount)
12. Ganoid Scale (Whole Mount)
13. Ganoid Scale (Whole Mount)

Chap. XIX : SLIDES OF AMPHIBIA :
1. T. S. of Head Region of Frog
2. V. S. of Skin of Frog
3. T. S. of Oesophagus of Frog
4. T. S. of Stomach of Frog
5. T. S. of Intestine of Frog
6. T. S. of Rectum of Frog
7. T. S. of Liver of Frog
8. T. S. of Pancreas of Frog
9. T. S. of Spleen of Frog
10. T. S. of Lung of Frog
11. T. S. of Kidney of Frog
12. T. S. of Testis of Frog
13. T. S. of Ovary of Frog
14. T. S. of Spinal Cord of Frog
15. T. S. of Bone of Frog

Chap. XX : SLIDES OF REPTILIA :
1. V. S. Skin of a Lizard
2. V. S. of Lung of Lizard

Chap. XXI : SLIDES OF Birds :
1. V. S. of Skin of a Bird
2. L. S. of Syrinx of a Bird
3. L. S. of Crop of Pigeon
4. V. L. S. of Proventriculus of Pigeon

Chap. XXII : SLIDES OF MAMMALIA :
1. V. S. of Skin of a Mammal
2. T. S. of Oesophagus of a Mammal
3. T. S. Stomach of a Mammal
4. T. S. of Duodenum of a Mammal
5. T. S. of Liver of a Mammal
6. T. S. of Pancreas of a Mammal
7. T. S. of Spleen of a Mammal
8. T. S. of Lung of a Mammal
9. L. S. of Kidney of a Mammal
10. T. S. of Cortex Part of Kidney of a Mammal
11. T. S. of Medulla Part of Kidney of a Mammal
12. T. S. of Testis of a Mammal
13. T. S. of Ovary of a Mammal
14. T. S. of Penis of a Mammal
15. T. S. of Spinal Cord of a Mammal
16. V. L. S. of Anterior Lobe of Pituitary Gland of a Mammal
17. V. S. of Thyroid Gland of a Mammal
18. T. S. of Adrenal Gland of a Mammal

Chap. XXIII : Histology OF SOME VERTEBRATE TISSUES :
1. Simple Squamous Epithelium
2. Unstriated or Smooth Muscle Fibres
3. Striated or Skeletal Muscle Fibres
4. Cardiac Muscle Fibres
5. Hyaline Cartilage
6. Elastic Cartilage
7. Fibro-cartilage
8. T. S. of Bone of Mammal
9. L. S. of Bone of Mammal
10. Blood of Frog
11. Blood of Man (Mammal)
12. T. S. of Artery
13. T. S. of Vein
14. Section of Taste Bud
15. Medullated Nerve Fibres
16. Non-medullated Nerve Fibres

Chap. 24 : EMBRYOLOGICAL SLIDES :
1. Development of Frog
2. Unfertilized Egg of Frog
3. L. S. of Early Blastula of Frog
4. V. S. of Early Gastrula of Frog
5. V. S. of Late Gastrula of Frog
6. V. S. of Complete Gastrula
7. Tadpole Larva of Frog
8. T. S. of Tadpole through Eye Region
9. T. S. of Tadpole through the Auditory Vesicles (Ears)
10. T. S. of Tadpole through the Head and Gills
11. Development of Chick
12. Chick Embryo-4 Hours of Incubation (Whole Mount)
13. Chick Embryo-16 Hours of Incubation (Whole Mount)
14. Chick Embryo-18 Hours of Incubation (Whole Mount)
15. Chick Embryo-24 Hours (Whole Mount)
16. Chick Embryo-28 Hours (Whole Mount)
17. Chick Embryo-33 Hours (Whole Mount)
18. Chick Embryo-36; Hours (Whole Mount)
19. Chick Embryo-43 Hours (Whole Mount)
20. Chick Embryo-55 Hours (Whole Mount)
21. Chick Embryo-72 Hours (Whole Mount)
22. Chick Embryo-96 Hours (Whole Mount)
23. L. S. of 17-Hours of Chick Embryo
24. T. S. of 18-Hours of Chick Embryo
25. T. S. of 24-Hours Chick Embryo
26. T. S. through Head Region
27. T. S. through Mid-body
28. T. S. of 28-Hours Chick Embryo through Pericardial Region
29. T. S. of 33-Hours Chick Embryo through Mid-brain Region
30. T. S. of 48-hours Chick Embryo through Brain and Optic Vesicles
31. T. S. of 48-Hours Chick Embryo through Auditory Vesicles
32. T. S. of 48-Hours Chick Embryo through Heart
33. T. S. of 72-Hours Chick Embryo through Brain and Eye
34. T. S. of 72-hours Chick Embryo through Pharynx
35. T. S. of 72-Hours Chick Embryo through Auditory Vesicles
36. Six-day Chick Embryo (Whole Mount)
37. Eight-day Chick Embryo (Whole Mount)
38. Twelve-day Chick Embryo
39. Eighteen-day Chick Embryo (Whole Mount)
40. Twenty one-day Chick Embryo (Whole Mount)

Chap. XXV : OSTEOLOGY :
1. Osteological Terms
2. Parts of a Typical Vertebra
3. Different Kinds of Centra
4. Jaw Suspensions (Suspensorium)

Chap. XXVI : SKELETON OF SCOLIODON :
I. Endoskeleton :
Skull 1 : Cranium
2. Visceral Skeleton
3. Vertebral Column

II. Extra Terms :
4. Pectoral Girdles and Fins
5. Pelvic Girdle and Fins

Chap. XXVII : SKELETON OF FROG :
1. Axial Skeleton
2. Skull of Frog
3. Bones Seen on the Dorsal Surface
4. Bones Seen on the Ventral Surface
5. Disarticulated Bones of Frog
6. Vertebral Column
7. Appendicular Skelaton
8. Girdles
9. Pectoral Girdle and Sternum
10. Pelvic Girdle
11. Forelimb Bones
12. Hindlimb Bones

Chap. XXVIII : SKELETON OF VARANUS :
1. Axial Skeleton
2. Skull
3. Occipital Segment
4. Parietal Region
5. Frontal Region
6. Sense Capsules (Olfactory Capsules)
7. Suspensorium
8. Bones of Upper Jaw
9. Lower Jaw (Mandible)
10. Hyoid Apparatus
11. Vertebral Column
12. Sternum
13. Appendicular Skeleton : Girdles
14. Pectoral Girdle
15. Pelvic Girdle
16. Limb Bones
17. Forelimb Bones
18. Hindlimb Bones

Chap. XXIX : SKELETON OF FOWL :
1. Axial Skeleton
2. Skull
3. Disarticulated Skull Bones of Fowl
4. Bones of Upper Jaw
5. Lower Jaw (Mandible)
6. Vertebral Column
7. Thoracic Rib
8. Sternum
9. Appendicular Skeleton
10. Girdles
11. Pectoral Girdle
12. Pelvic Girdle
13. Forelimb Bones
14. Hindlimb Bones

Chap. XXX : SKELETON OF RABBIT :
1. Axial Skeleton
2. Skull
3. Disarticulated Bones of Skull
4. Lower Jaw (Mandible)
5. Vertebral Column
6. Rib
7. Sternum
8. Appendicular Skeleton
9. Girdles
10. Pectoral Girdle
11. Pelvic Girdle
12. Limb Bones
13. Forelimb Bones
14. Hindlimb Bones
15. Comparison of Skulls

Chap. XXXI : SKELETON OF DOG :
1. Axial Skeleton
2. Skull
3. Disarticulated Bones of Skull
4. Lower Jaw (Mandible)
5. Important Foramina of the Skull
6. Foramina for Nerves 466
7. Foramina for Other Purposes
8. Vertebral Column
9. Appendicular Skeleton
10. Girdles
11. Pectoral Girdle
12. Pelvic Girdle
13. Limb Bones
14. Forelimb Bones
15. Hindlimb Bones

Chap. XXXII : LIST OF CHEMICALS AND APPARATUS :
1. Chemicals
2. Some Important Laboratory Reagents
3. Glass Apparatus

Chap. XXXIII : EXPERIMENTAL Biochemistry AND Physiology :
1. Colour and Precipitation Reactions on Food Stuffs
2. Carbohydrates
3. Experiment No. 1
4. Tests for Carbohydrates (Monosaccharides : Glucose and Fructose)
5. Disaccharides
6. Experiment No. 2
7. Proteins
8. Tests for Proteins : Colour Reactions
9. C. Lipids (Fats)
10. Experiment No. 3
11. Tests of Lipids
12. D. Enzymes
13. Experiment No. 4
14. Test for Salivary Amylase
15. Experiment No. 5
16. Test for Pepsin Enzyme on Protein
17. Experiment No. 6
18. Test for Trypsin Enzyme on Protein

Chap. XXXIV : CHROMATOGRAPHY :
1. What is Chromatography?
2. Chromatographic Methods
3. Techniques
4. Paper Chromatography
5. What is Paper Chromatography?
6. Types of Paper Chromatography
7. Techniques of Paper Chromatography
8. Rf Value
9. Rf Variation
10. Procedure
11. Experimental Paper Chromatography
12. Experiment No. 1
13. Paper Chromatography for Identification of Amino acids, Amines and Peptides
14. Specific Reagents for A Few Amino Acids
15. Separation of Free Amino Acids and Peptides in Tissues
16. Paper Chromatography for Amino Acids
17. Experiment No. 2
18. Paper Chromatography for Carbohydrates
19. Rf values of Some Sugars (After Block)
20. Experiment for Sugar Chromatography
21. Experiment No 3
22. Result of Ascending Paper Chromatography of Unknown Sugars

Preface

It is the pleasant duty of the author to thank the kind and generous readers for the warm and cordial reception accorded by them to the previous editions. The suggestions and encouraging opinions from the colleagues and students have prompted the author to bring out an early and revised New Edition. The bringing out of the present edition of this book has given the author an opportunity to revise and improve it. Alterations and additions have been made practically in all the chapters. The following new topics have been added in the respective chapters : (i) several new birds and mammals in the chapters of museum specimens of birds and mammals; (ii) new microscopic slides in the respective chapters of microscopic slides; (iii) several new embryological slides in the respective chapters of embryological slides; (iv) a new chapter of Skeleton of Scoliodon has been added afresh in this edition; (v) several new exercises have been included in the section of Experimental Physiology. By the inclusion of the above chapters the present edition will be more useful to the readers. Although maximum efforts have been made to eradicate the misprints and mistakes of the previous edition but even then the author cannot claim the removal of all the misprints due to the printers devil. The author is extremely thankful to his wife Smt. Preeti Singh for her kind co-operation during the revision of this book. The author further expresses his thanks to the generous readers who helped him by giving valuable suggestions for the improvement of the book.

Suggestions for the further improvement of the book will be thankfully acknowledged and incorporated in future editions.

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