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Anthropometry Reprint,8185264023,9788185264028

Anthropometry Reprint

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Book Information

Publisher:Kamla Raj Enterprises
Published In:1989
Binding Type:Hardback
Weight:1.55 lbs
Pages:pp. ii + xvi + 251, 82 Figures, 24 Plates, Tables, Indices, References, Acknowledgement

The Title "Anthropometry Reprint" is written by Indra P. Singh. This book was published in the year 1989. The ISBN number 8185264023|9788185264028 is assigned to the Hardback version of this title. The book displayed here is a Reprint edition. This book has total of pp. ii + xvi + 251 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Kamla Raj Enterprises. We have about 77 other great books from this publisher. Anthropometry Reprint is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

Anthropometry which describes the tools and techniques for taking various measurements on the living human being and the skeleton is not only important to the teachers and students but also of great use to research workers. The introductory chapter briefly describes the evolution of anthropometry as a scientific tool and touches upon important landmarks used in its development. Chapter II describes the various instruments and items of equipment used for studies in this field and have been adequately illustrated by suitable diagrams. Somatometric techniques, the landmarks in the body used in measurements, the various types of measurements their expression and the indices derived there from the subject matter of Chapter III. Also, it includes a brief outline on Somatoscopy. Chapter IV and V are devoted to Osteology and Osteometry and indicate the various terminologies used and provide an extensive description of the actual measurements on the various bones of the body. The chapters include an adequate number of diagrams of the various bones indicating clearly the landmarks. Chapter VI is devoted to Craniometrist and Chapter VII briefly highlights the importance of Statistics in the selection of samples, treatment and presentation of anthropometric data.

The Book will be great use as a manual to students and research workers in the field of Biological Anthropology/Human Biology.


1. Introduction
2. Instruments
3. Somatometry
4. Osteology
5. Osteometry
6. Craniometry
7. Statistical Methods


Physical Anthropology the study of man's biological behaviour in time and space, has had an early beginning in India. J. Shortt and Ouchterlony (1868) and W. Elliot (1869) were the pioneers in this field. H.H. Risley was the first ethnographer to collect systematic data on the various Indian populations, von E. Eickstedt, R. Biasutti, E. Thurston were few from others who collected valuable anthropometric data on different Indian groups. The credit of making a systematic study of the racial elements in Indian populations goes to B.S. Guha who collected anthropometric data on a scientific basis and also helped in establishing the study of Physical Anthropology in general in India. In 1946, he succeeded in establishing the Anthropological Survey of India and built laboratories for Anthropometry and other branches of Physical Anthropology.

In the meantime a number of young Indian Anthropologists had returned to India after getting training abroad specially, in Germany. The foremost among them being P.C. Biswas (Delhi), Late D.N. Majumdar (Lucknow), I. Karve (Poona) and S.S. Sarkar (Calcutta). They did extensive anthropological studies in different parts of the country. They have also produced a number of students who have distinguished themselves in various branches of Anthropology.

Teaching in Physical Anthropology forms a basic part of the curriculum of Anthropology in all the Indian Universities offering courses in Anthropology. Anthropometry-the scientific methods and techniques for taking various measurements and observations on living man and skeleton-is taught to both graduate and post-graduate students. Physical Anthropology in Indian Universities has been greatly influenced by German methods and techniques. R. Martin's monumental work : Handbook of Physical Anthropology and now revised by K. Saller has been the main guide for teachers and students alike. However, the language has been a handicap. A special need of a book containing description of scientific methods and techniques of measurements on living man and skeleton has been felt for a long time both by the teachers and the taught. With this end in view an attempt has been made to give in the next pages a description of various methods and techniques employed by anthropologists. This is based on the training received by the senior author at the Franz Weidenreich Anthropological Institute, Frankfurt/Main, West Germany and fifteen years of teaching in different branches of Anthropometry at the University of Delhi. It has been attempted to present the material in a simple manner to be useful to both the students who are just initiated in Anthropology as well as to those who are taking advanced courses.

The book has been divided into three sections besides Introduction and the description of various Instruments Used. The three major sections are Somatometry, Osteometry and Craniometry.

In Somatometry, linear measurements on the body as a whole and those of limbs, as well as face and head have been described. A number of girths, circumferences and arcs specially used in applied aspects have also been included.

During the teaching of anthropometry, it was found that the students of anthropology are handicapped by a lack of sufficient knowledge of human anatomy which is essential, hence, a short chapter on Osteology giving a brief description of human skeleton has been included. The next chapter on Osteometry giving a description of techniques of taking measurements and angles on various human bones, also includes duly labelled anatomical drawings of each bone, alongwith dioptrograph tracings depicting different measurements.

Similar drawings and sketches of skull in all the five normas, showing various bones, sutures, processes and landmarks etc. have been included in the Chapter on Craniometry. Methods of linear measurements and angles on face, brain cavity, lower jaw and skull as a whole have been described. An account of craniographic methods, and cranioscopic techniques has also been given.

Anthropologists are now-a-days making extensive use of Statistical Methods in tabulating, analyzing and presenting their data. For the convenience of students, who find it difficult to comprehend specialized books on Biometry, a simplified account of Averages, Standard Deviation, Coefficient of Variation and Tests of Significance have been given. The G-Tables (Woolf) and Distribution of t and x2 Tables (Fisher) have been included in the text for the convenience of the students with the kind permission of the authors and the publishers.

Bibliography consisting of selected references and suggested readings has been given at the end to enable the students to acquire a more detailed knowledge of the subject.

Certain errors have occured during printing stage and errata have been added at the end of the book. We are certain that many other errors must have crept in, which have not been detected by us, for which we seek the reader's indulgence and forgiveness. We shall be grateful to those who point out any mistake or error. Suggestions, if any for improvement in this book are humbly solicited and shall be gratefully acknowledged.

List of Plates

1. Anthropometer Rod : Four Segments with Cross Bars
2. Rod Compass
3. Head Height Needle
4. Spreading Caliper with Sharp Pointed Ends
5. Spreading Caliper with Blunt Ends
6. Pelvimeter
7. Sliding Caliper
8. Coordinate Caliper
9. Palatometer
10. Attachable Goniometer
11. Goniometer Attached with Spreading Caliper
12. Goniometer Attached with Sliding Caliper
13. Tubular Craniophore showing Skull oriented in FH Plane with Martin's Horizontal Needle
14. Mollison's Craniophore with Skull oriented in FH Plane
15. Mollison's Cranionphore with Auricular Head Spanner showing the Measurement : Vertex Porion Height
16. Cubic Craniophore
17. Cubic Craniophore with Martin's Small Needle showing Skull in FH Plane
18. Cubic Craniophore with Martin's Diagraph showing Tracing of Mid-Sagittal Curve
19. Martin's Dioptrogarph showing Tracing of Outlines of Humerus
20. Mandibulometer showing Measurements on Mandible
21. Reid's Osteometric Board showing Linear Measurement of Femur
22. Reid's Osteometric Board with Oval Steel Frame showing determination of Angle on Scapula
23. Parallelograph with Bone Holder showing Measurement of Torsion Angle of Humerus
24. Verificator (Gauge)

List of Indices

Cephalic Index

List of Figures

1. Landmarks on Body-Anterior (Ventral) view
2. Landmarks on Body-Posterior (Dorsal) view
3. Landmarks on Body-Lateral view
4. Landmarks on Hand and Foot
5. Landmarks on Ear
6. Measurements on Body-Three views
7. Measurements on Body-Three views
8. Measurements on Hand and Foot
9. Measurements of Girth on Body
10. Measurements on Head and Face
11. Measurements on Head and Face

12. Body Postures
13. Shapes of Fingers and Hands
14. Hair Form
15. The Eye
16. Eye Folds
17. The Nose
18. Nose Forms
19. Shape and Size of Nasal Cavity
20. Memberanous Lips
21. Breadth of Mouth
22. External Ear

23. Human Skeleton
24. Thorax-Anterior (Ventral) view

25. Sternum-Two views
26. Measurements on Sternum
2 7. Ribs-Two views
28. Vertebrae (Atlas, Axis and Cervical V)
29. Vertebrae (Thoracic VI and Lumbar II)
30. Clavicle-Two views
31. Measurements on Clavicle
32. Right Scapula-Posterior (Dorsal) view
33. Measurements on Scapula
34. Right Scapula-Anterior (Ventral) view
35. Right Scapula-Lateral view
36. Right Humerus-Two views
37. Measurements on Humerus
38. Right Radius-Two views
39. Measurements on Radius
40. Right Ulna-Two views
41. Measurements on Ulna
42. Right Hand-Posterior (Dorsal) view
43. Pelvis-Anterior (Ventral) view
44. Measurements on Pelvis
45. Right Hip Bone-External view
46. Right Hip Bone-Internal view
47. Sacrum-Anterior (Ventral) view
48. Measurements on Sacrum
49. Sacrum-Posterior (Dorsal) view
50. Measurements on Sacrum
51. Right Femur-Two views
52. Measurements on Femur
53. Patella-Two views
54. Right Tibia-Two views
55. Measurements on Tibia
56. Angles (Inclination, Retroversion and Biaxial) on Tibia
57. Right Fibula-Two views
58. Measurements on Fibula
59. Right Foot-Posterior (Dorsal) view

60. New Born Child Skull-Two views
61. New Born Child Skull-Norma Basialis
62. Skull-Norma Facialis
63. Landmarks on Skull-Norma Facialis
64. Orbit-Norma Frontalis
65. Skull-Norma Occipitalis
66. Landmarks on Skull-Norma Occipitalis
67. Skull-Norma Basialis
68. Landmarks on Skull-Norma Basialis
69. Skull-Norma Lateralis
70. Landmarks on Skull-Norma Lateralis
71. Skull-Norma Verticalis
72. Landmarks on Skull-Norma Verticalis
73. Mandible-Two views
74. Measurements on Skull-Norma Verticalis
75. Measurements on Skull-Norma Occipitalis
76. Measurements on Skull-Norma Lateralis
77. Measurements on Skull-Norma Facialis
78. Measurements on Skull-Norma Basialis
79. Angles on Skull-Norma Lateralis

80. Different Shapes of Skull-Norma Verticalis

81. Standard Deviation
82. Nomograph for Determining Cephalic Index

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