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Archaeology as History in Early South Asia 1st Edition,8173052700,9788173052705

Archaeology as History in Early South Asia 1st Edition

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Publisher:Aryan Books InternationalIndian Council of Historical Research
Published In:2004
Binding Type:Hardback
Weight:3.41 lbs
Pages:pp. xx + 512, Figures, 74 Illus. (Halftone), Tables, Maps, Index, References, Notes, Biblio.

The Title "Archaeology as History in Early South Asia 1st Edition" is written by Himanshu Prabha Ray. This book was published in the year 2004. The ISBN number 8173052700|9788173052705 is assigned to the Hardback version of this title. The book displayed here is a 1st Edition edition. This book has total of pp. xx + 512 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Indian Council of Historical Research. We have about 419 other great books from this publisher. Archaeology as History in Early South Asia 1st Edition is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

This volume fulfils a long-felt need in South Asian studies by initiating an inter-disciplinary dialogue between Archaeology and history. It challenges traditional assumptions derived from text-based archaeology dating to the Alexander Cunningham era and re-examines the role of archives, monumental Architecture and artefacts in the reconstruction of the past.

The first section draws attention to two emerging trends in the study of the past; one, the use of archival data for a study of the History of archaeology in South Asia, and two, the question of representation and public archaeology. The second section discusses scientific methods and techniques that have been significant in recent years in providing inputs to questions of chronology and sourcing of metal objects. Recent research stresses the identification of general patterns of human behaviour and their material consequences, which may be recognisable in the archaeological record, as discussed in the third section on Ethno-archaeology. The issue of multivocality of religious structures and negotiations between different groups is highlighted in the fourth section, while the final section discusses Gender Archaeology and indicates archaeological constructs in an analysis of the theme.

The volume thus endorses an active involvement between Archaeology and History. It is hoped that this will then lead to increased inputs in the study and practice of archaeology.


List of Illustrations
List of Contributors

1. Preamble/Himanshu Prabha Ray and Carla M. Sinopoli

2. The History of Archaeology in India : Introduction/Himanshu Prabha Ray
3. Documentation & Destruction : The Case of Amaravati (1797-1886)/Upinder Singh
4. Sanchi : Destruction, Restoration, Restitution/Nayanjot Lahiri
5. Bhagwanlal Indraji and the Beginnings of Indian Archaeology/Virchand K. Dharamsey
6. Unravelling the Picturesque : Understanding the Creation of a Past/Jaya Chattopadhyaya
7. Preservation of India's Archaeological Heritage Through Archaeologists-Public Interaction : Issues and Strategies/Kalini P. Khandwalla

8. Methods, Techniques and Chronology : Introduction/Carla M. Sinopoli
9. Origins of Plant Agriculture in South India/Ravi Korisettar
10. Archaeology and History of Bangladesh : Recent Perspectives/Jean-Francois Salles
11. Chronology and Metal Sources of South Indian Images : Some Insights and Scientific Analysis/Sharada Srinivasan
12. Beyond Vijayanagara's City Walls : Regional Survey and the Inhabitants of the Vijayanagara Metropolitan Region/Carla M. Sinopoli

13. Ethno-archaeology in South Asia : An Introduction and Review/Bradley A. Chase
14. Ethno-archaeology as History : The Case of Santhal Parganas/Ajay Pratap
15. Palm Leaf Manuscripts : An Ethno-historic Study/Panchanan Bhoi

16. The Archaeology of Sacred Space : Introduction/Himanshu Prabha Ray
17. Sacred Architecture, Sacred Landscape : Early Buddhism in North Coastal Andhra Pradesh/Lars Fogelin
18. Excavations at Ambaran 1999-2001 : Akhnur Terracotta and Discovery of Buddhist Reliquary in Exposed Stupa/B.R. Mani
19. The Archaeology of the Early Temples of Saurashtra/Susan Verma
20. An Archaeological Study of the Temple in the Eastern Deccan/Anita. R

21. Gender and Archaeology : Introduction/Himanshu Prabha Ray
22. Problematizing the Archaeology of Female Figurines in North-West India/Deeksha Bhardwaj


1. Upinder Singh is Reader in History at St. Stephen's College since 1994. Her publications include Ancient Delhi, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999 and Kings, Brahmanas and Temples in Orissa : An Epigraphic Study (AD 300-1147), Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi, 1994. In the shadow of Delhi : Understanding the Landscape Through Village Eyes (co-authored with Nayanjot Lahiri) in Peter Ucko and Robert Layton edited, The Archaeology and Anthropology of Landscape, Routledge, 1999. Texts on Stone : Understanding Asoka's Epigraph-Monuments and Their Changing Contexts, Indian Historical Review, XXIV, 1998. Sanchi : The History of 'Patronage of an Ancient Buddhist Establishment, The Indian Economic and Social History Review, XXXI, 1, 1996.

2. Nayanjot Lahiri teaches archaeology in her capacity as Reader at the Department of History, Delhi University. She is the author of Pre-Ahom Assam (1991) and The Archaeology of Indian Trade Routes (1992), co-author of Copper and its Alloys in Ancient India (1996) and editor of The Decline and Fall of the Indus Civilization (2000).

3. Virchand K. Dharamsey is a freelance researcher whose interest and research experience covers a number of disciplines from art and archaeology to ethnography and cinema. He has worked for many years with a number of Indian and foreign scholars such as Prof. Jyotindra Jain, Dr. Niels Gutschow, Prof. Beatrix Pfleiderer and Prof. Gregory Possehl. He is author of several articles on the Indian silent cinema and was co-author with Prof. Pfleiderer of Die besessenen Frauen von Mira Datar Dargah : Heilen und Trance in Indien (German).

4. Jaya P. Chattopadhyaya is an independent researcher.

5. Kalini P. Khandwalla is a researcher at the M.S. University, Vadodara.

6. Ravi Korisettar is Professor in the Department of History and Archaeology at Karnataka University, Dharwad. He obtained his postgraduate and PhD degrees from the University of Poona in 1974 and 1980 respectively. He is a member of several professional organisations including the Indian Society for Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies, the Indian Archaeological Society, the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association and the INQUA Commission on Tephrochronology.

7. Jean-Francois Salles is a researcher in the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). He has worked for more than 15 years on the archaeology of the Gulf area (Kuwait, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates) especially in the mid-first millennium BC to mid-first millennium AD period. As a continuation of this research he is now the Director of a French-Bangladesh project at Mahasthangarh. His more recent publications include jointly edited volume with Marie-Francoise Boussac titled Athens, Aden, Arikamedu, New Delhi 1995 and Tradition and Archaeology : Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, New Delhi, 1996 edited jointly with Himanshu Prabha Ray.

8. Sharada Srinivasan is an Associate Fellow in Archaeometallurgy at the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Some of her publications include Dating the Nataraja Dance Icon : Technical Insights, in Marg, 52 (4), 2001 : 54-70. Lead Isotope and Trace Element Analysis in the Study of Over a Hundred South Indian metal Icons, Archaeometry, 41 (1), 1999: 91-116. Preliminary insights into provenance of south Indian copper alloys and images using a holistic approach of comparisons of their lead isotopes and chemical composition with slags and ores, in S. Young, M. Pollard, P. Budd and R. Ixer edited, Metals in Antiquity, Oxford : Archaeopress, 1999 : 200-211. Present and Past of southern Indian crafts for making mirrors, lamps, bells, vessels, cymbals and gongs : Links with prehistoric high tin bronzes from Mohenjodaro, Taxila, South Indian megaliths and later finds, South Asian Studies, XIII, 1997 : 209-225.

9. Bradley A. Chase is a researcher at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

10. Ajay Pratap teaches at the Banaras Hindu University. His publications include The Hoe and the Axe : Ethnohistory of Shifting Cultivation in Eastern India, Oxford University Press, 2000. The Savariya Paharia : Shifting Cultivators of the Rajmahal Hills in I. Hodder edited, Archaeology as Long Term History, Cambridge University Press, 1987. With K.N. Momin, Indian Museums and the Public, in P.G. Stone and B.L. Molyneux edited, The Presented Past, Routledge : London-New York, 1995.

11. Panchanan Bhoi has completed his PhD from the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University.

12. Lars Fogelin has completed his PhD from the Department of Anthropology, University of Michigan.

13. B.R. Mani is Superintending Archaeologist at the Archaeological Survey of India, having taught earlier at the BHU and the Central Institute of Tibetan Higher Studies, Sarnath. He has directed excavations at Daulatabad, Lal Kot, Sankissa, Ambaran and several other sites and has explored about 200 sites in UP, Haryana and Ladakh. His publications include two books : The Kushana Civilization, Delhi, 1987 and Delhi : Threshold of the Orient, Delhi, 1997.

14. Anita. R has joined the Indian Revenue Service after completing an MPhil from the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University.

15. Susan Verma is a researcher at the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University.

16. Deeksha Bhardwaj teaches at Gargi College, University of Delhi.

List of Figures

1. Colin Mackenzie's "Sketch of Deepauldina at Amarawutty in its present state, March, 1816." In James Fergusson, Tree and Serpent Worship
2. "Plan and section of 'the Tope at Amravati From a Survey made by Col. Mackenzie in 1817." In James Fergusson, Tree and Serpent Worship
3. "Plan of the site of the Tope at Amaravati as it existed in April 1877, before the excavations." In Robert Sewell, Report on the Amaravati Tope, and Excavations on its Site in 1877
4. "Plan of the excavations in 1877, at the Amaravati Tope." In Robert Sewell, Report on the Amaravati Tope, and Excavations on its Site in 1877
5. "Plan of the Stupa at Amaravati. From survey made in 1881." In James Burgess, The Buddhist Stupas at Amaravati and Jaggayapeta
6. Pandit Bhagwanlal Indraji
7 & 8. Pages from the notebooks of Bhagwanlal Indraji
9. Ground plan of the stupa at Sopara
10. Relic casket fount at Sopara, now in the collection of the Asiatic Society of Bombay
11. Southern Neolithic sites discussed in this study (black squares) and sites to be studied in the future. HLR (Hallur), Mudewar (MDR), Kunbev (KBV), Piklihal (PKL), Tavargera (TVG), Anegondi (ANG), Tekkalakota (TKT), Kurugodu (KRG), Sanganakallu (SGK), Hiregudda (HRG), Peddamudiyam (PDM), Hanumantharaopeta (HRP), Ingaluru (IGL), Singanapalle (SGP), Injedu (IJD), Rupanagudi (RPG), Hattibelagallu (HBG), Velpumadugu (VPM), Balijapalle (BLP). (Courtesy D.Q. Fuller)
12. Sanganakallu site areas. (Courtesy D.Q. Fuller)
13. Sampling localities on the Sannarachamma hill, Sanganakallu, previously excavated by Subbarao (1948), and Ansari and Nagarajarao (1969). (Courtesy D.Q. Fuller)
14. Plan of Hallur (after Nagarajarao 1971), showing sampling localities. (Courtesy D.Q. Fuller)
15. Map of Bangladesh. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
16. Fragment of Knobbed Ware found at Mahasthan (MAH94 - 529). Preserved diam : 7cm. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
17. Sketch plan of Mahasthan site, with the location of the main excavations, ancient and recent. (c) French Archaeological Mission
to Mahasthangarh
18. Aerial view of the Eastern Rampart excavation. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
19. General plan (simplified) of the excavated site/ Eastern Rampart. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
20. Fragments of Rouletted Ware from Mahasthan. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
21. View of the excavation at the end of the 1997 season, showing most of the "Capital City" levels. (c) French Archaeological Mission
to Mahasthangarh
22. Plan of the "Capital City" structures, levels 5 to 8. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
23. Mauryan-style terracotta figurine from the "Capital City" levels. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
24. Post-Mauryan terracotta figurine from the "Capital City" levels. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
25. A built structure of the "Capital City" levels, probably a stupa or any kind of ritual place. (c) French Archaeological Mission to
26. Sketch-plan of the post - "Capital City " structures. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
27. The routes towards the Bay of Bengal in Antiquity. (c) French Archaeological Mission to Mahasthangarh
28. Scatter plot of lead isotope ratios of Pb 208/206 vs. Pb 207/ 206, and Pb 206/204 vs. Pb 207/206 for south Indian metal images and artefacts (excluding two) with markers indicating dynastic chronology of the artefacts. The ellipses and line indicate groups of artefacts within which stylistic coherence was observed or which showed a narrow isotopic spread. The cross bar indicates that the error in the measurement of lead isotope ratios is less than 0.1% and also indicates the spread in isotopic composition for groups of artefacts
29. Scatter plots of Co vs. Ni and Bi vs. As for south Indian copper alloy images and artefacts analysed by ICP-OES. The markers relate to dynastic chronology. The lines indicate boundaries for the absolute values of elements for different groups of artefacts
30. Combined 3-D scatter plot of Pb 208/206 vs. Pb 207/206 vs. Ni/Co and Pb 208/206 vs. Pb 207/206 vs. As/Bi for South Indian images and artefacts for which both lead isotope analysis and compositional analysis by ICP-OES was done
31. Inscribed Kali, Senniyanvidudi, Tamil Nadu, Government Museum, Chennai, ace. no. 280
32. Parvati with attendant, Tiruvengimalai, Tamil Nadu, Government Museum, Chennai, ace. no. 720/73
33. Parvati, Kudiakadu, Tamil Nadu, Government Museum, Chennai, ace. no. 474/36
34. Parvati, Tinnevelly district, Tamil Nadu, Victoria and Albert Museum, ace. IM-72-1935
35. Natesa, Kuram, Tamil Nadu, Government Museum, Chennai, ace. no. 53/38
36. Bharatnatyam dance pose indicating the leg lifted in bhujangatrasita demonstrated by Sharada Srinivasan
37. Nataraja, British Museum, ace. no. OA-1969-12-16-1. Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum. Fig. 11.11. Yakshi with goose, Victoria and Albert Museum, ace. no. IS - 8-1989. Courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum
38. Tara, Batticaloa, Trincomalee district, Sri Lanka, British Museum, ace. no. OA-1820-6-12-4. Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum
39. Buddha, Victoria and Albert Museum, ace. no. IPN-2639. Courtesy of the Victoria and Albert Museum
40. Ganesha, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, Government Museum, Chennai, ace. no. 291.
41. Vijayanagara Metropolitan Region
42. Survey block showing sample transects
43. Intensive survey area
44. Spatial contexts of Paharia tool-use
45. Paharia settlement pattern today
46. Human Mobility in Bara Gutibera Locality
47. Architectural plan of Bavikonda
48. Architectural plan of Thotlakonda
49. Archaeological sites found during the first season of survey (Nov. 2000-March 2001) in the area surrounding the Early Historic Period Buddhist monastery of Thotlakonda
50. A simple, natural stone cairn on Thotlakonda hill
51. Ambaran : 1999-2001- Dist. Jammu (J&K), India
52. Ambaran : 1999-2001- Key Plan of Structures
53. Ambaran : 1999-2001, Plan of Stupa
54. Ambaran : 1999-2001, Stupa
55. Ambaran : 1999-2001, Stupa (Conjectural View)
56. Sketch map locating the early temple sites of Eastern Deccan
57. Gudimallam Siva Linga (Courtesy A.I.I.S)
58. Sketch Plan of Brick Veerapuram temples
59. Location of temples in Nagarjunakonda
60. Location of Buddhist Structures in Nagarjunakonda (sketch)
61. Sarvadeva Temple of Nagarjunakonda
62. Hariti temple of Nagarjunakonda
63. Kartikeya Temple of Nagarjunakonda
64. Pushpabhadrasvami temple of Nagarjunakonda
65. Taraka Brahma of Alampur (Courtesy A.I.I.S)
66. Svarga Brahma of Alampur (Courtesy A.I.I.S)
67. Visva Brahma of Alampur (Courtesy A.I.I.S)
68. Garuda Brahma of Alampur (Courtesy A.I.I.S)
69. Map of Baluchistan
70. Baluchistan : Figurines from Pre-Harappan Levels
71. Baluchistan : Figurines from Pre-Harappan Levels
72. Baluchistan : Figurines from Harappan Levels
73. Baluchistan : Figurines from Pre-Harappan Levels & Levels Contemporary to the Harappan Period

About the Editors

Himanshu Prabha Ray is Associate Professor at the Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, where she has taught since 1980. Her publications include Monastery and Guild : Commerce under the Satavahanas, Oxford University Press, 1986; The Winds of Change: Buddhism and the Maritime Links of Early South Asia, Oxford University Press, 1994 (reissued as Oxford India Paperbacks, 1998); The Archaeology of Seafaring in Ancient South Asia, Cambridge University Press, 2003. In 1996, she jointly edited with Jean-Francois Salles a volume titled, Tradition and Archaeology : Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, Manohar, 1996. Another volume, Archaeology of Seafaring: The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period, was published in the Indian Council of Historical Research Monograph Series I, New Delhi, 1999.

Carla M. Sinopoli is Professor, Department of Anthropology and Curator of Asian Archaeology, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan. Her publications include Approaches to Archaeological Ceramics, Plenum Press, New York-London, 1991; Pots and Palaces: The Earthenware Ceramics of the 'Noblemen's Quarter of Vijayanagara, Manohar, 1993; The Political Economy of Craft Production: Crafting Empire in India, Cambridge University Press, 2003. She has also edited The Archaeological Correlates of Hunter Gatherer Societies (with F. Smiley et al.), 1980 and Empires : Perspectives from Archaeology and History (with Susan E. Alcock et al.), Cambridge University Press, 2001.

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