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Essentials of Nuclear Chemistry 4th Revised Edition, Reprint,8122407129,9788122407129

Essentials of Nuclear Chemistry 4th Revised Edition, Reprint

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Publisher:New Age International (P) Ltd.
Published In:2007
ISBN-10:8122407129
ISBN-13:9788122407129
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:1.59 lbs
Pages:pp. xii + 498, Figures, Charts, Tables, Index, Appendix, References, Biblio.

The Title "Essentials of Nuclear Chemistry 4th Revised Edition, Reprint" is written by H.J. Arnikar. This book was published in the year 2007. The ISBN number 8122407129|9788122407129 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. The publisher of this title is New Age International (P) Ltd.. Essentials of Nuclear Chemistry 4th Revised Edition, Reprint is currently Not Available with us.You can enquire about this book and we will let you know the availability.

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About the Book

The revised edition retains the essential theories of nuclear structure and stability, radioactivity and the principles of fission, fusion and breeder reactors of the earlier editions. The preparation of the more commonly used radioisotopes and their uses as tracers in research, medicine, Agriculture and industry are described. The Book also covers the elements of Radiation and Radiochemistry illustrated with additional examples. The section on Mossbauer effect is retained. The chapter on the detection and measurement of radioactivity is revised to include thermo luminescence and Cerenkov detectors.

New additions in the present edition include a whole chapter on the separation and uses of stable and radioactive isotopes needed in bulk amounts in the atomic age. How an extension of basic principles of Nuclear magnetic Resonance (NMR) has led to the sophisticated Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), the latest diagnostic tool in medicine is discussed lucidly. Another chapter is added entitled "A Roll-call of Elementary Particles", wherein the baffling properties of quarks and gluons, with their esoteric flavours, colours, strangeness and charm are reviewed showing how their scientific characteristics tend to merge in Philosophy. The book meets the needs of Honours and Post-graduate students offering Nuclear, Radiation and Radiochemistry.

About the Author

Dr. H. J. Amikar is Professor Emeritus in Chemistry in the University of Poona with a wide research experience. After his Ph. D. from the Banaras Hindu University, he worked in the College de France, Paris, in the laboratories of Professor Frederic Joliot-Curie N. L. and obtained his D. Sc. Later, he worked as a Fulbright Visiting Scholar with Professor John E. Willard in the University of Wisconsin, Madison (Wis). He had served as an international consultant to the UNESCO in the Pilot Project for the Teaching of Chemistry in S E Asia. Bangkok. He is also the author of Isotopes in the Atomic Age. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London in 1988.

Contents

Foreword
Preface to the Fourth Edition

I. THE ATOMIC NUCLEUS :
1. The Atom
2. The Nucleus and the Outer Sphere
3. Classification of Nuclides
4. Nuclear Stability
5. Atomic Energy
References
Problems

II. PROPERTIES OF NUCLEONS AND NUCLEI :
1. The Nucleus : Its Size and Shape
2. Mechanical Effects Due to Orbiting and Spinning of Nucleons
3. Magnetic Quantum Numbers
4. Principal and Radial Quantum Numbers
5. Total Angular Momentum of the Nucleus
6. The Total Magnetic Nuclear Angular Momentum Quantum Number
7. The Magnetic Properties of the Nucleus
8. The Net Magnetic Moments of Nuclei
9. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
10. Nuclear Resonance or Recoilless Absorption : The Mossbauer Effect
11. The Electric Quadrupole Moment of Nuclides
12. Nuclear Parity : Symmetry Under Reflection
13. Nuclear Statistics
14. Forces and Interactions
References
Problems

III. NUCLEAR MODELS :
1. Historical
2. The Shell Model
3. The Liquid Drop Model
4. The Fermi Gas Model
5. The Collective Model
6. The Optical Model
References
Problems

IV. RADIOACTIVITY :
1. Discovery
2. Radioactive Elements
3. General Characteristics of Radioactive Decay
4. Decay Kinetics
5. Parent-daughter Decay-growth Relationships
6. Alpha Decay
7. Beta Decay
8. Nuclear Deexcitation : Gamma Emission
9. Artificial Radioactivity
References
Problems

V. NUCLEAR REACTIONS :
1. Bethe's Notation
2. Types of Nuclear Reactions
3. Conservation in Nuclear Reaction?
4. Reaction Cross-section
5. The Compound Nucleus Theory
6. Experimental Evidence of Bohr's Theory : Experiments of Ghoshal and of Alexander and Simonoff
7. Specific Nuclear Reactions
8. Transuraniens
9. Photonuclear Reactions
10. Thermonuclear Reactions
11. Fusion Reactors
12. The Origin and Evolution of Elements
References
Problems

VI. NUCLEAR FISSION :
1. Nuclear Fission
2. The Process of Nuclear Fission
3. Fission Fragments and their Mass Distribution
4. Charge Distribution
5. Ionic Charge of Fission Fragments
6. Fission Energy
7. Fission Cress-sections and Thresholds
8. Fission Neutrons
9. Theory of Nuclear Fission
10. Other Types of Fission
11. Neutron Evaporation and Spallation
References
Problems

VII. NUCLEAR REACTORS :
1. The Fission Energy
2. The Natural Uranium Reactor
3. The Four Factor Formula : The Reproduction Factor k
4. The Classification of Reactors
5. Reactor Power
6. Critical Size of a Thermal Reactor
7. Excess Reactivity and Control
8. The Breeder Reactor
9. India's Nuclear Energy Programme
10. Reprocessing of Spent Fuels : Recovery of Uranium and Plutonium
11. Nuclear Waste Management
12. Nature's Nuclear Reactor
References
Problems

VIII. DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT OF ACTIVITY :
1. The Electrometer
2. The Ionization Chamber
3. Electron Pulse Counters
4. Scintillation Detectors
5. Semiconductor Detectors
6. Thermoluminescence Detectors
7. Neutron Detectors
References

IX. ISOTOPES FOR NUCLEAR REACTORS :
1. Our Isotopically Homogeneous Cosmos
2. The Atomic Age
3. Isotope Separation
4. Separation of Selected Isotopes
5. Plutonium
References

X. APPLICATIONS OF RADIOACTIVITY :
1. Probing by Isotopes
2. Typical Reactions Involved in the Preparation of Radioisotopes
3. The Szilard-Chalmers' Reaction
4. Cow and Milk Systems
5. Use of Charged Plates in Collection of Radioisotopes
6. Radiochemical Principles in the Use of Tracers
7. Typical Applications of Radioisotopes as Tracers
8. Uses of Nuclear Reactions
9. Radioisotopes as a Source of Electricity
References
Problems

XI. ELEMENTS OF RADIATION Chemistry :
1. Radiation Chemistry
2. Interaction of Radiation with Matter
3. Passage of Neutrons through Matter
4. Interaction of y Radiation with Matter
5. Units for Measuring Radiation Absorption
6. Radiation Dosimetry
7. Radiolysis of Water
8. Free Radicals in Water Radiolysis
9. Radiolysis of Some Aqueous Solutions
10. Radiation-induced Colour Centres in Crystals : Storing and Release of Energy
11. A Time Scale of Radiolytic Events
References
Problems

XII. A ROLL-CALL OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES :
1. Nuclear Chemistry
2. Particles and Resonances
3. Classification of the Elementary Particles
4. Particles and Antiparticles
5. The Parton Structure of Nucleons
6. Quarks and Gluons
7. Classification of the Quarks
References

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