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Evolution of Geographical Thought 5th Revised & Enlarged Edition, Reprint,8170339049,9788170339045

Evolution of Geographical Thought 5th Revised & Enlarged Edition, Reprint

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Book Information

Publisher:Rawat Publications
Published In:2008
ISBN-10:8170339049
ISBN-13:9788170339045
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:1.22 lbs
Pages:pp. 519, Figures, Maps, Index, Glossary, References, Notes, Biblio.

The Title "Evolution of Geographical Thought 5th Revised & Enlarged Edition, Reprint" is written by Majid Husain. This book was published in the year 2008. The ISBN number 8170339049|9788170339045 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. The book displayed here is a 5th Revised & Enlarged Edition, Reprint edition. This book has total of pp. 519 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Rawat Publications. We have about 1366 other great books from this publisher. Evolution of Geographical Thought 5th Revised & Enlarged Edition, Reprint is currently Available with us.

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About the Author

Majid Husain is former Professor of Geography, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. Having a high degree of commitment to teaching and research, Dr. Husain has an unparallel ability of simplifying the difficult concepts of geography and capacity to analyze the enormous facts in a cogent manner. His books, World Geography, Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Human Geography. Systematic Agricultural Geography and Geography of jammu and Kashmir, are widely acclaimed and accepted as text and reference books, both in India and abroad.

Contents

James Cook reface
Note on the Fifth Edition
Introduction

Part I : PREHISTORY OF GEOGRAPHICAL IDEAS :
1. Greeks : The Pioneers of Prehistorical Ideas :
i. Phoenicians
ii. Greeks :
a. Homer
b. Thales of Miletus
c. Anaximander
d. Hecataeus
e. Herodotus (485-425 B.C.)
f. Alexander the Great
g. Eratosthenes (276-194 B. C.)
h. Hipparchus
i. Posidonius

iii. Greeks' Contribution to Mathematical and Physical Geography :
a. Mathematical Geography
b. Physical Geography

2. Romans : Their Contribution to Geography :
i. Roman Period :
a. Strabo (64 B.C.-A.D. 20)
b. Ptolemy (A.D. 90-168)

ii. Dark Age (Period of Turmoil) in Europe

3. Ancient Indian and Chinese Geographical Concepts :
i. Indian Geographical Concepts :
a. The Universe and its Origin
b. Eclipses
c. Earth
d. Bharatvarsa

ii. Chinese Contribution to Geography

4. Arab Geographical Thought :
i. Ibn-Hawqal-Abu-al-Mohammad Qasim
ii. Al-Masudi
iii. Al-Biruni (973-1039 A.D.)
iv. Al-Idrisi (1099-1180)
v. Ibn-Battuta (1304-1368 A.D.)
vi. Ibn-Khaldun (1332-1406)

5. The Impact of Explorations and Discoveries :
i. Marco Polo (1254-1324)
ii. Christopher Columbus (1451-1506)
iii. Vasco Da Gama (1460-1524)
iv. Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)
v. Captain James Cook (1728-1779)
vi. Varenius (1622-1650)
vii. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

Part II : MODERN GEOGRAPHICAL THOUGHT :
6. Founders of Modern Geographical Thought :
i. Alexander Von Humboldt (1790-1859) :
Adventures and Explorations

ii. Carl Ritter (1779-1859) :
a. Principle of Unity in Diversity
b. Die Erdkundes

iii. Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882)

7. Schools of Geography :
i. The German School of Geography :
a. Oscar Peschel (1826-1875)
b. Ferdinand Von Richthofen (1833-1905)
c. Friedrich Ratzel (1844-1904)
d. Alfred Hettner (1859-1941)
e. Albrecht Penck

ii. The French School of Geography :
a. Vidal de Lablache
b. Jean Brunhes
c. Elisee Reclus (1830-1905)
d. Emmanuel de Martonne
e. Albert Demangeon

iii. The British School of Geography :
Halford J. Mackinder (1861-1947)

iv. The American School of Geography :
a. William Morns Davis (1850-1934)
b. Mark Jafferson (1863-1949)
c. Isaiah Bowman
d. Ellen Churchill Semple (1863-1932)
e. Albert Perry Brigham
f. Carl O. Saner (1889-1975)
g. Ellsworth Huntington (1876-1947)
h. Rollin D. Salisbury
i. Geography in the United States between the Two World Wars
j. Geography after the Second World War

v. The Soviet School of Geography :
a. Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)
b. V.V. Dokuchaiev
c. Physical Geography
d. Philosophy of Soviet Geographers

8. Dichotomy between Determinism and Possibilism :
i. Historical Perspective of Scientific Determinism
ii. Environmental Determinism
iii. Possibilism
iv. Neo-determinism
v. Probabilism
vi. Cultural or Social Determinism

9. Dualism and Dichotomies in Geography :
i. General Geography Versus Regional Geography
ii. Physical Geography Versus Human Geography
iii. Historical Geography Versus Contemporary Geography :
a. The Historical Factor in Geography
b. The Changing Cultural Landscape
c. The Reconstruction of Past Geographies
d. Geographical Change Through Time

iv. Study of Functional (or Nodal) Regions Versus Geography of Formal (or Uniform) Regions

10. Quantitative Revolution, Paradigms, System Analysis and Regional Concept :
i. Quantitative Revolution :
a. Historical Perspective of Quantitative Revolution
b. Merits of Quantitative Methods
c. Dements of Quantitative Methods

ii. Paradigms in Geography :
a. Kuhn's Paradigm
b. Geographical Paradigms : A Historical Perspective

iii. Areal Differentiation
iv. Exceptionalism in Geography
v. Spatial Analysis
vi. Locational Analysis
vii. Geography as a Chorographic or Chorologic (Regional) Science
viii. Geography as a Science of Relationship
ix. Geography as the Science of Distribution
x. Geography as the Science of the Planet Earth
xi. Geography : An Idiographic or Nomethetic Discipline
xii. Geography : A Discipline of Synthesis
xiii. Explanations in Geography
xiv. System Analysis :
a. General System Theory
b. Merits of Abstract Construal of a Systems
c. Structure of a System
d. Behaviour of a System
e. Geography : A New Synthesis

xv. Regional Concept :
a. Attributes of Region
b. Classification of Regions
c. Regionalism

11. Models in Geography :
i. Significance of Model
ii. Need of Modelling in Geography
iii. Features of a Model
iv. Types of Models
v. General Classification of Models
vi. Critical Views

Part III : CONTEMPORARY MOVEMENTS IN GEOGRAPHY :
12. Modern Themes in Geographical Thought :
i. Positivism
ii. Pragmatism
iii. Functionalism
iv. Existentialism
v. Idealism
vi. Realism
vii. Marxism :
Man-nature Relationship

viii. Radicalism in Geography :
a. Geography and Imperialism
b. Women and Environment
c. Anarchic Leaning

ix. Behaviouralism :
a. Salient Features
b. Historical Perspective

x. Humanism :
Themes in Humanistic Geography

xi. Geography and Public Policy :
a. Applied Geography
b. Postmodernism
c. Time Geography
d. Postmodernism and Feminism

xii. A Chronology of Geography 1859-1995

Preface

I have carefully gone through Dr. Majid Husain's work on the Evolution of Geographical Thought and have been impressed by the wide canvas covered by him. The scholar has attempted to build up the story of geographical thoughts, ideas and knowledge right from the early Greek period to modern contemporary geography.

The book has twelve chapters in all which have been divided into three parts. Each chapter is a landmark in the evolution of geographical thought. The first two chapters are devoted to the development of scientific geography during the Greek and early Roman periods and its setback with the rise of Christianity. The ancient Indian geographical concepts have been systematically presented in the third chapter. The role of Arab geographers in advancing geographical ideas and geographical knowledge has been treated at length. The influence of the Greeks on Arab geographers, and the transition to renaissance geography generated by Arab geographical ideas, have been rightly emphasized in the fourth chapter.

The impact of explorations on geographical concepts has been discussed in the fifth chapter. It also gives an account of the re-emergence of scientific geography through the works of Kant and Varenius. This resurgence of scientific trend in the development of geography was reinforced by the scientific works of scholars of the eminence such as Alexander von Humboldt and Carl Ritter. Their comprehensive, empirical and scholarly works firmly established geography as a scientific discipline in Europe. In the seventh chapter, various schools of geography have been described.

The rise of any discipline to maturity is always marked by philosophical conflicts of ideas and ideologies. Chapters eighth and ninth discuss these controversies in detail. Dr. Husain rightly points out that geographical concepts such as determinism and possibilism and dichotomies in geography ought not to be conceived as contradictions. They rather represent the diversity of human response to environmental situation and variety of approaches to the study of geography.

In order to be treated at par with contemporary scientific disciplines, geography could not escape their influence and had to move the realm of quantitative revolution and consequently took to the model building, paradigms and systems analysis. No explanation of geography is complete without these trappings of contemporary science. These have been discussed in the tenth and eleventh chapters.

That modern geography is also value oriented is stressed by the author in last chapter of the book.

The greatest merit of this book is that it brings together in one volume the entire gamut of geographical thinking and development from the ancient Greek to the contemporary quantitative explanatory phase. It underscores the point that geography has not cast off its descriptive gazetteer role to blossom into a mature modern scientific discipline.

List of Figures

1.1. The Greek Colonies
1.2. World after Hecataeus
1.3. World after Herodotus
1.4. Alexander's Eastern Expedition
1.5. Measurement of the circumference of the earth by Eratosthenes
1.6. Meridian drawn by Eratosthenes
2.1. The World after Strabo
2.2. World after Ptolemy
2.3. The World According to Ptolemy, A.D. 150
2.4. Coasts of the British Islands after Ptolemy
2.5. Map of North-Western Africa According to Ptolemy
2.6. The T-in-O Map (Orbis Terrarum)
2.7. The World as Discovered by Ancient Explorers
3.1. The Puranic Dwipas
4.1. Arabic Cartograms, used in Medieval Arabic School Maps
4.2. Travels of Ibn-Battuta
5.1. Behaim's Globe and its Sources
5.2. The Great Explorations
5.3. Travels of Marco Polo
5.4. The Four Voyages of Christopher Columbus
5.5. The Sea-Route to India
5.6. Exploration in the Pacific Ocean up to 1600
5.7. The Age of Cook-II
6.1. Humboldt's Travels in Europe, Russia and Americas
7.1. Mackinder's World Island
10.1. A Graphical Interpretation of Kuhn's Theory of the Development of Science
10.2. The Circumference of Geography
10.3. Systems and Subsystems
10.4. Relations between Elements in Systems
10.5. The Internal Structure of Geography
11.1. Theoretical Framework of Geographical Model
12.1. A Conventional Model of Man-Environment Relationship
12.2. Environmental Perception and Behaviour
12.3. The Time-Space Prism
12.4. Time Geography (Hagerstrand's Web Model)

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