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Globalisation, Environmental Crisis and Social Change in Bangladesh 1st Published,9840516655,9789840516650

Globalisation, Environmental Crisis and Social Change in Bangladesh 1st Published

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Book Information

Publisher:The University Press Limited
Published In:2003
ISBN-10:9840516655
ISBN-13:9789840516650
Binding Type:Hardback
Weight:1.52 lbs
Pages:pp. xxiv + 397, 28 Figures, Charts, 66 Tables, Maps (Col.), Graphs, Indices, Glossary, Reference

The Title "Globalisation, Environmental Crisis and Social Change in Bangladesh 1st Published" is written by Matiur Rahman. This book was published in the year 2003. The ISBN number 9840516655|9789840516650 is assigned to the Hardback version of this title. The book displayed here is a 1st Published edition. This book has total of pp. xxiv + 397 (Pages). The publisher of this title is The University Press Limited. We have about 815 other great books from this publisher. Globalisation, Environmental Crisis and Social Change in Bangladesh 1st Published is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

Over the last two decades radical transformations have been taking place in the social and economic systems in Bangladesh. Through the process of Globalization increased opportunities exist for some but disenfranchisement and social dislocations for the great majority are also increasing. Globalization has produced tension between traditional bases of livelihood and emerging export-oriented commercial production of non-traditional items.

Tension is reflected in the perceived uncertainty of the future livelihood of workers in the garment as well as shrimp industries. Tension may become significant within the export-dependent industries themselves, especially when future existence is threatened by many international market conditions.

Recently, the Government of Bangladesh has been forced to provide millions of dollars in subsidies to the garment industry and bail out the shrimp industry suffering from virus-induced production losses as well as market uncertainties. There is a source to provide subsidies and to bail out ailing industries, but the disenfranchised peasants, and garment and shrimp workers facing uncertainties of livelihood, have no such protection in Bangladesh. The traditional mutual support system that is being dislodged by market forces has not been replaced by any social safety net.

In this Book globalization, environmental crisis and social change in Bangladesh, researchers from both Canada and Bangladesh examine the transformation and its consequences for a great majority in Bangladesh.

Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Contributors
Preface

Part A : GLOBALISATION AND BANGLADESH :
I. Context AND TRENDS OF GLOBALISATION IN BANGLADESH : TOWARDS A CRITICAL' RESEARCH AGENDA/Matiur Rahman and Raymond Wiest
1. Introduction
2. Perspectives on Globalisation : Myths and Global Processes
3. Political economy of Globalisation
4. Global Processes in Bangladesh : The Context and Trends
5. A Critical Research Agenda
6. Research Methodology Implications : Concluding Remarks

II. GLOBALISATION : THE UNFAIR CASE ON THE SOUTH/Abdul Moyeen Khan :
1. The Global Context
2. Bangladesh Context
3. National Commitment
4. Golden Age of the Past
5. Reality of the Present
6. Challenge of the Future
7. Food Security
8. Globalisation and Ecological Sustainability
9. Soil Resources
10. Water Resources Management
11. Forestry and Wildlife
12. Fisheries and Shrimp Culture
13. Land Use
14. Global Warming and Rising Sea Water
15. A Legitimate National Interest

III. TRADE LIBERALISATION AND ECONOMIC CHANGE IN BANGLADESH/Robert W. Tait :
1.Trade Liberalisation in Bangladesh
2. The Ready-Made Garment Industry
3. The Shrimp Industry

IV. BANGLADESH'S EARLY EXPERIENCE WITH GLOBALISATION/Matiur Rahman :
1. Articulation of Agony in Bangladesh : The Economy of the Elite
2. Origin of the Ruling Class
3. Expropriation of National Wealth
4. Articulation of Ecstasy in Bangladesh : Development Perspectives
5. Global Dynamic Factors in Bangladesh's Development
6. Role of International Development Agencies
7. Strategies of Agriculture and Water Resource Development
8. Distribution of Benefits of Development
9. Conclusion

V. BANGLADESH'S INTEGRATION INTO GLOBAL CAPITALIST SYSTEM : POLICY DIRECTION AND THE ROLE OF GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS/Ann Muhammad :
1. Introduction
2. A New Beginning with Old Agenda
3. From Krug to PRSP
4. Agriculture and Water Resources
5. The World Bank's Nine Volume Study
6. Use of Ground Water
7. Flood Control and Irrigation Projects : An Evaluation
8. Flood Action Plan
9. Shrimp Cultivation : Earning Foreign Exchange
10. Economic Agenda and Reform
11. Jute Sector Reform Project
12. Health Services
13. Structural Adjustment : A Before-after Comparison
14. Foreign Direct Investment
15. Conclusion

VI. NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN BANGLADESH : RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES OF GLOBALISATION/Jerry Buckland :
1. Introduction
2. Economic Globalisation and Bangladesh
3. A Private Response for the Public Good
4. NGOs and Civil Society in Bangladesh
5. Risks & Opportunities for NGOs I : Corporate, Capitalist and Export Marketing Paths
6. Risks & Opportunities for NGOs II : Policy Advocacy and Political Conflict Paths
7. Conclusion

Part B : EXPORT PROMOTION AND LABOUR IN THE GARMENT INDUSTRY :
VII. WORKPLACE, RESIDENCE AND RELATIONSHIPS AMONG GARMENT WORKERS IN THE GLOBALISING EXPORT ECONOMY OF BANGLADESH/Raymond Wiest, Amena Khatun, and Helal Mohiuddin :
1. Introduction
2. Field Research Methodology and Data
3. Rural Displacement, Migration and Urban Resettlement
4. Profile of Interviewed Garment Workers
5. Conditions of the Workplace
6. Housing and Living Conditions of Garment Workers
7. Domestic Group Arrangements
8. Improvements in Workplace Environment and Living Accommodations
9. Garment Worker Relocation within Dhaka City
10. Living in a "Transit Society"

VIII. SHIFTING SOCIAL Relations AND CULTURAL CHANGE IN THE LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES OF WOMEN GARMENT WORKERS OF BANGLADESH/Raymond Wiest and Helal Mohiuddin :
1. Introduction
2. Shifting Social Relations among Garment Workers
3. Gender Relations in the Lives of Garment Workers
4. Alienation and Conflict in the "Transit Society"
5. Subaltern Responses to Contradictory Livelihood Condition:
6. Changes in the Moral Order
7. Attending to Social Infrastructure - Policy Implications

Part C : ENVIRONMENT AND RURAL SOCIETY :
IX. GEO-POLITICAL ECONOMY OF SHRIMP CULTURE AND LIVELIHOOD SHIFT IN SOUTHWESTERN BANGLADESH/Matiur Rahman :
1. Introduction
2. The National Economy of Shrimp Culture
3. Change in the Public Policy Environment
4. Development Intervention by International Agencies
5. Modification of the Coastal Geographic Environment
6. Livelihood Change and Social Conflicts in the Three Study Sub-districts
7. Social and Environmental Concerns
8. Concluding Remarks

X. GLOBALISATION, CLASS AND GENDER RELATIONS : THE SHRIMP INDUSTRY IN SOUTHWESTERN BANGLADESH/Meghna Guhathakurta :
1. Introduction
2. Integration with Global Capitalism
3. The Inscription of Women into the World Capitalist Economy
4. Structural Transformations in Class Relations
5. Gender Relations
6. Conclusion

XI. EXPORT-ORIENTED SHRIMPING, RURAL PEOPLE, AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN BANGLADESH : GOOD, BAD AND SIMPLY UGLY?/Stephane M. McLachlan :
1. Context
2. Shrimping - a Description
3. Impacts
4. Summary

Part D : NOTES ON STUDY METHODS :
XII. VIEWING THROUGH A "TRANSIT SOCIETY" MODEL : METHODOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE STUDY OF LIVELIHOOD OF WOMEN GARMENT WORKERS OF BANGLADESH/Helal Mohiuddin and Amena Khatun :
1. Background and Objective of the Study
2. Field Research Experiences : Journey from "Passive" to an "Active" Study
3. Methodology, Field Work and Consequent Problems in Phase One
4. Conclusion

XIII. SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF SHRIMP CULTIVATION IN BANGLADESH : NOTES ON STUDY METHODS/Md. Zahurul Haque and Md. Saifuzzaman :
1. Introduction
2. Survey of the Social, Economic and Land use Changes
3. Conclusion

List of Tables

1. Economic base and educational background of the elite
2. Income distribution : percentage share of household income by percentile groups of households
3. Structure of production in Bangladesh
4. Labour force structure by sector and world regions, including Bangladesh
5. Total aid and its form during 1971-80
6. Project priorities and labour intensity in RWP in Bangladesh, 1962-73
7. Programmes initiated in Bangladesh by global institutions in different periods
8. Liberalisation of the fertilizer market
9. Shrimp culture in Bangladesh : A summary of environmental concerns
10. Rank-ordered reasons for migration from rural areas to Dhaka City, and urban settlement expectations among 212 garment workers in Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
11. Married women garment workers by age and marital status, 1999 Bangladesh baseline survey
12. Educational status of 212 garment workers, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
13. Household or family role of 212 garment workers, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
14. Perception of workplace facility adequacy among 212 garment workers, rank-ordered by classification as "inadequate " and "unavailable", Bangladesh, 1999-2001
15. Rank-ordered occupational, social and residential insecurity perceptions among 212 Dhaka garment workers, 1999 and 2001
16. Garment worker perception of principal reasons for occupational health problems in Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
17. Rank-ordered health problems suffered by 212 garment workers, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
18. Rank-ordered first preference for type of medical practitioner for consultation by garment workers, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
19. Domestic arrangements of 212 garment workers interviewed in Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
20. Frequency of worker relocation among factories in Dhaka City by length of service among 212 workers, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
21. Rank-ordered reasons for relocation to different factories within Dhaka City by number of factories in which 207 garment workers have worked, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
22. Rank-ordered job preferences after conclusion of garment sector job in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
23. Married women garment workers by age and marital status, 1999 Bangladesh baseline survey
24. Women garment workers' embrace of normative principles, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
25. Women garment workers' sense of entitlement to own wage earnings and control over expenditures, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
26. Women garment workers' general sense of empowerment, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2001
27. Relative position of shrimp in foreign exchange earnings to principal commodities exported from Bangladesh
28. Export of shrimp from Bangladesh
29. Trends in export of traditional and non-traditional items
30. Major organisations in aquaculture development in Bangladesh
31. District-wise brackish water aquaculture area
32. Fish habitat in Bangladesh
33. Land and people in the three study sub-districts
34. Primary occupation of respondents
35. Main source of income in the study area by percentages of households
36. Mean income from agriculture and non-agriculture sources
37. Land ownership distribution of the sample population
38. Causes of increase in number of fry catchers
39. Areas under various land use classes in 1988 and 1997
40. Is shrimp cultivation beneficial for your locality?
41. Is shrimp cultivation beneficial for your locality?
42. Types of social problems reported by the respondents
43. Emerging new economic activities following shrimp cultivation
44. Is there any problem with shrimp farming in your area?
45. Results of water samples from shrimp enclosures
46. Arsenic in algae in the shrimp enclosures
47. Arsenic in soil samples collected from shrimp enclosures
48. Degree to which control villagers, gher-farmers, farmers, and fry catchers feel export shrimping is promising
49. Percentage of gher owners, farmers, and fry catchers responding positively to changes in livelihood and social security
50. Magnitude of problems created by shrimp farming
51. Perceived impacts on agriculture created by shrimp farming according to profession
52. Changes in key use-defined components of the environment associated with shrimping over the last 20 years according to profession
53. Causes of declines in trees over last 20 years according to profession
54. Overall concerns regarding the environment of all respondents ranked in order of importance. Significance in difference among professions also indicated
55. Concerns regarding the environment of control villagers, gher farmers, conventional farmers, and fry catchers ranked in order of importance
56. Analysis of variance indicating effects and significance of region, profession, and operational land class on overall concerns regarding environment
57. Analysis of maximum likelihood estimates indicating relative importance of age, sex, education, region, profession, income, and land class in predicting overall concern about the environment. Only significant variables indicated
58. Regional breakdown according to each profession and region regarding overall perceived environmental concerns
59. Distribution of the Phase One and Phase Two respondents by sex and relationships, Bangladesh, 1999 and 2000
60. General information of the study area
61. Status of shrimp farming activities in the study area
62. Selected villages for land use and socio-economic survey
63. Selected control villages with no shrimp cultivation
64. Types of RS data utilised in the present study and their sources
65. Satellite data layer used in the study
66. Interpretation keys developed for the three images

Contributors

1. Jerry Buckland, Menno Simons College, University of Winnipeg; Macro economic policy and structural adjustment, International Development, Participatory Development
2. Meghna Guhathakurta, Chair, International Relations, Dhaka University; International relations, Gender and development
3. Abdul Moyeen Khan, Khan Foundation, Dhaka.
4. Amena Khatun, Research associate, GECSC Project, DRI, University of Manitoba, Canada
5. Stephane McLachlan, Assistant Professor, Environmental Science Programme, University of Manitoba; Environment and change, Community-based ecological conservation
6. Helal Mohiuddin, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Chittagong University, and Ph.D. candidate in Anthropology, University of Manitoba; Household analysis, Gender roles, and Wage labour
7. Zahurul Haque Montu, Managing Director, GEODESEC, Consultsnts and Services Ltd, Dhaka; Socio-economic survey, Land-use mapping
8. Anu Muhammad, Professor of Economics, Jahangirnagar University; Political economy of change and Political systems
9. Matiur Rahman, Disaster Research Institute, University of Manitoba; Disasters and development, South Asia, International development
10. Md. Saifuzzaman, Remote sensing/CIS Analyst, CEGIS, Banani, Dhaka
11. Robert W. Tait, Director, Disaster Research Institute, University of Manitoba; Policy and programme analysis, Organisation research and Institutional management evaluation
12. Raymond Wiest, Professor of Anthropology, University of Manitoba; Wage labour migration, Gendered labour Commodification, Proletarianization, Gender relations, and Domestic group analysis

List of Figures

1. Links among global processes and environmental, economic and social conditions in Bangladesh
2. The GDP and the annual growth in GDP in Bangladesh for fiscal years 1990-91 to 1998-99
3. The change in the proportion of total exports from tradition and non-traditional industries during the period of trade liberalisation
4. Number of exporting factories and the value and volume of ready-made garment exports from 1981-82 to 1999-2000
5. Representation of the shrimp production system of Bangladesh
6. The weight of the shrimp harvest in metric tons and the change in the weight of the harvest for the marine, inland and total fisheries
7. Value in taka of the marine, inland and total shrimp harvest for the fiscal years 1989-90 to 1998-99
8. GDP for fiscal years 1990-91 to 1998-99 as reported by the government and as adjusted by adding in the proportion removed from the GDP by corruption
9. Achievements in rural works programmes, 1962-67
10. Achievements in food for works projects, 1974-84
11. Rural works programmes expenditure as percentage of development expenditures
12. Relation between amount of wheat used and work created in Food for Works, 1974-84
13. Dominant inputs and impact of globalisation
14. Globalisation and civil society response
15. Age distribution of 198 garment workers, 1999 Bangladesh baseline survey
16. Sex segregation in Bangladesh garment factories
17. Land use map of Shyamnagar Upazila, year 1988
18. Land use map of Shyamnagar Upazila, year 1997
19. Land use map of Kaliganj Upazila, year 1988
20. Land use map of Kaliganj Upazila, year 1997
21. Land use map of Fakirhat Upazila, year 1988
22. Land use map of Fakirhat Upazila, year 1997
23. Mixed rice and shrimp culture, and sweet water shrimp culture area in Kumarkhali mouza in Kaliganj
24. Mixed rice and shrimp culture, and sweet water shrimp culture area in Ramjannagar mouza in Shyamnagar
25. Mized rice and shrimp culture, and sweet water shrimp culture areas in Shattala mouza in Fakirhat
26. Impact of shrimp culture in a local-global context
27. Coastal areas of Bangladesh
28.Location of study areas Fakirhat, Kaliganj, Shyamnagar

About the Editors

Matiur Rahman teaches international development; disasters and development in the Menno Simons College at the University of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

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