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Hand Book of Agro Chemical Industries Insecticide & Pesticides,8186732462,9788186732465

Hand Book of Agro Chemical Industries Insecticide & Pesticides

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Book Information

Publisher:Engineers India Research InstituteIndian Institute of ConsultantsSmall Industry Research Institute
Published In:2008
ISBN-10:8186732462
ISBN-13:9788186732465
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:1.63 lbs
Pages:pp. [xxvi] + 473 + [xxix], Figures, Tables

The Title "Hand Book of Agro Chemical Industries Insecticide & Pesticides" is written by EIRI Board of Consultants and Engineers . This book was published in the year 2008. The ISBN number 8186732462|9788186732465 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. This book has total of pp. [xxvi] + 473 + [xxix] (Pages). The publisher of this title is Small Industry Research Institute. We have about 197 other great books from this publisher. Hand Book of Agro Chemical Industries Insecticide & Pesticides is currently Available with us.

About the Book

Processes and Formulae of organic insecticides, bhc, synthetic insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides, fumigrants, herbicides, plant and machinery suppliers and many project profiles.

About the Author

Written : EIRI Board of Consultants and Engineers

Contents

I. AGROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES :
1. Introduction
2. Inorganic Insecticides
3. Lead Arsenate
4. Calcium Arsenate
5. Organic Insecticides
6. Dinitrophenol
7. Dichloro Diphenyl Trichloroethane (DOT)
8. Methoxychlor (Methoxy DOT; DMDT)
9. BHC or Benzene Hexachloride
10. Gammexane
11. Chlordane
12. Heptachlor
13. Aldrin
14. Endrin
15. Toxaphene
16. Malathion
17. Parathion
18. Fumigants
19. Ethylene Dibromide
20. Ethylene Dichloride
21. Para-Dichlorobenzene
22. Miticides
23. Rodenticides
24. Zinc Phosphide (Phosvin)
25. Fungicides
26. Eptam
27. Ferbam
28. 2, 4, 6-Trichlorophenol
29. Para-Chlorophenol
30. Glyodin
31. Herbicides
32. 2, 4-Dichlorophenol
33. Sodium Trichloroacetate
34. Chioro-IPC
35. Sesone
36. MCPA
37. Synthetic Insectides

II. INTRODUCTION OF PESTICIDE :
1. Introduction
2. Ideal Pesticide
3. Steps Involved in Commercial Development of Pesticide Starting From Laboratory Synthesis
4. Reasons for Use of Pesticides
5. Production of Pesticides in Organised Sector in India
6. Level of Pesticides Consumption in Various Countries
7. Present Consumption and Future Demand
8. Cropwise Consumption of Pesticides
9. Statewise Consumption of Pesticides in Agriculture
10. Pesticides Registered, Not Approved for Use, Banned, Restricted for Use and Under Review
11. List of Quality Control Laboratories in India

III. INSECTICIDES :
1. Classification of Insecticides
2. Based on Chemical Nature
3. Based on Mode of Entry
4. Based on Mode of Action
5. Organochlorine Insecticides
6. Reaction with Caustic Soda
7. Structure Activity Relationships
8. Methoxychlor
9. ODD
10. Perthane
11. DFDT
12. Chlorobenzilate
13. Dilan
14. HCH
15. Action with Caustic Soda
16. Metabolism of HCH
17. Use of DOT and HCH in India
18. The Cyclodiene Group Insecticides
19. Heptachlor
20. Chlordane
21. Aldrin and Dieldrin
22. Endrm
23. Endosulfan
24. Structure-Activity Relationship
25. Use of Cyclodiene Pesticides in India
26. Chlorinated Terpenes
27. Mode of Action of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons
28. Mode of Action of DOT and Its Derivatives
29. Mode of Action of Lindane and HCH
30. Mode of Action of Cyclodiene
31. Mode of Action of Halo-Derivatives of Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
32. Carbamates
33. Classification of Carbamates
34. Phenyl Carbamates
35. Carbaryl
36. Bendiocarb
37. Baygon
38. Carbofuran
39. N, N-Dimethylcarbamates
40. Zectran
41. Dimetan
42. Mesurol
43. Isolan
44. Oxime Carbamates
45. Temik
46. Oxamil
47. Methyomyl
48. Tirpate
49. Mode of Action
50. Structure Activity Relationship of Carbamates
51. Organophosphorus Insecticides
52. Disadvantages
53. Michaelis-Arbuzov Reaction
54. Mechanism of the Reaction
55. Derivatives of Phosphoric Acid
56. Dichlorovos
57. Mevinphos
58. Phosphamidor
59. Bidrin
60. Birlane
61. Gardona
62. Azodrin
63. Ruelene
64. Derivatives of Thiophos-Phoric Acid
65. Parathion
66. Methyl Parathion
67. Methylethyl Parathion
68. Fenitrothion
69. Chlorothion
70. Ronnel
71. Bromophos
72. Fenthion
73. Dasanit
74. Diazinon
75. Dursban
76. Quinalphos
77. Pirimiphos Methyl
78. Phoxim
79. Demeton
80. Triazophos
81. Methyldemeton
82. Derivatives of Dithiosphos-Phoric Acid
83. Malathion
84. Dimethoate
85. Thimet
86. Disyston
87. Phosalone
88. Formothion
89. Ethion
90. Menazon
91. Ekatin
92. Guthion
93. Cidial
94. Phosphonic Acid Derivatives
95. EPN
96. Fonophos
97. Diptrex
98. Esteramides of Phosphoric Acid and Phosphorothioic Acid
99. Phospholan
100. Methamidophos
101. Acephate
102. Cyclic Phosphates and Phsophorothioates
103. Salithion
104. Derivatives of Pyrophosphoric Acid
105. Tetraethylpyrophosphate
106. Schradan
107. Mode of Action of Organophos-Phates and Carbamates
108. Structure Activity Relationship
109. Phosphates
110. Thiophosphates
111. Dithiophosphates
112. Pyrophosphoric Acids
113. Phosphoric Acids
114. Cyclicesters
115. Asymmetry
116. Botanical Pesticides
117. Nicotine
118. Structure Activity Relationship
119. Rotenone
120. Mode of Action
121. Rotenone
122. Pyrethrins
123. Structure Activity Relationship
124. Synthetic Pyrethroids
125. Disadvantages
126. Allethrin
127. Resmethrin and Bioresmethrin
128. Fenvalerate
129. Permethrin
130. Cypermethrin
131. Alphamethrin
132. Deltamethrin
133. Cyhalothrin
134. Cypothrin
135. Flucythrinate
136. Fluvalinate
137. Cyfluthrin
138. Tralomethrin
139. Fenpropathrin
140. Sumethrin
141. Structure Activity Relationship
142. Mode of Action of Synthetic Pyrethroids

IV. FUNGICIDES :
1. Fungi
2. Bacteria
3. Viruses
4. Parastic Seed Plants
5. Chemical Classification
6. Inorganics
7. Organics
8. Requirements of an Ideal Fungicide
9. Sulphur Compounds
10. Mode of Action of Sulphur
11. Mercury Fungicides
12. Copper Fungicides
13. Organotin Compounds
14. Brestan
15. Outer
16. Mode of Action
17. Organomercurials
18. Mode of Action
19. Organophosphorous Compounds Phosphates
20. Wepsyn
21. Kitazin P
22. Conen
23. Dowco
24. Edifenphos
25. Phosphonates
26. Inejin F
27. Cerezin
28. Aliette
29. Mode of Action of Organophosphate Fungicides
30. Benzene Derivatives
31. Quintozene
32. Chlorothalonil
33. Chloroneb
34. Dithiocarbamates
35. Monoalkyldithiocarbamates
36. Metham
37. Dazomet
38. Neviram
39. N, N-Ethylene-Bisdithiocar-Bamates
40. Nabam
41. Mode of Action
42. Mancozeb
43. Mode of Action
44. Dialkyldithocarbamates
45. Compounds Containing Polyhalogen Alkonoic Sulfenyl Group
46. Captan
47. Folpet
48. Captafol
49. Mesulfan
50. Dichlofluanid
51. Oxathins
52. Vitavax
53. Plantvax
54. Mode of Action
55. Quinones
56. Chloranil
57. Dichlone
58. Dithianon
59. Mode of Action
60. Carboxamides
61. Fongarid
62. Dinitroalkylphenols
63. Dinocap
64. Binapacryl
65. Dinobuton
66. Azole Compounds
67. Imidazole and Its Derivatives
68. Glyodin
69. Imazalil
70. Benzimidazole Derivatives
71. Carbendazim
72. Benomyl
73. Thiabendazole
74. Fuberidazole
75. Thiophanate-Methyl
76. Triazoles
77. Fluotrimazole
78. Triadimefon
79. Heterocyclic Fungicides Pyridine Derivatives
80. Pyridinitrile
81. Nitrapyrin
82. Dowco 263
83. Piperalin
84. Parinol
85. Piperazine Derivative
86. Triforine
87. Pyrimidines
88. Dimethirimol
89. Ethirimol
90. Bupirimate
91. Fenarimol
92. Nuarimol
93. Quinoline Derivatives
94. 8-Hydroxyquinoline
95. Quinacetol Sulphate
96. Morpholine Type Fungicides
97. Morpholine
98. Antibiotics
99. Miscellaneous Fungicides
100. Dodine

V. NEMATICIDES :
1. Importance
2. Parasitism
3. Ectoparasitism and Endoparasitism
4. Methods of Nematode Control
5. Advantages of Chemical Control
6. Essentials of a Good
7. Nematicide
8. Nematicides are Classified Into Five Groups
9. Halogenated Hydrocarbons
10. Methyl Bromide
11. Ethylene Dibromide :
12. 1, 3 Dichloropropane
13. 1, 2 Dichloropropane
14. DD
15. Nemagon
16. Isothiocyanates
17. Metham Sodium
18. Dazomet
19. Organophosphates
20. Carbamates
21. Botanical Nematicides

VI. RODENTICIDES :
1. Inorganic Compounds
2. Botanicals
3. Coumarins
4. Warfarin
5. Coumatetralyl
6. Coumachlor
7. Coumafuryl
8. Indanediones
9. Pindone
10. Diphacinone
11. Chlorophacinone
12. Organophosphorous
13. Gophacide
14. Chlorinated Rodenticides
15. Crimidine
16. Miscellaneous Rodenticides
17. Vacor
18. Brodifacoum
19. Bromadiolone
20. Norbromide
21. Problems in Rodent Control

VII. MOLLUSCICIDES :
1. Mataldehyde
2. Trifenmorph
3. Bayluscid
4. Triphenyltinacetate
5. Copper Sulphate

VIII. FUMIGANTS :
1. Factors Influencing Fumigation
2. Ethylene Dibromide
3. Methyl Bromide
4. Methallyl Chloride
5. Chloropicrin
6. Aluminium Phosphide
7. Ethylene Oxide
8. Formaldehyde

IX. ACARICIDES :
1. Chlorinated Compounds
2. Dicofol
3. Dienuchlor
4. Chlorfenethol
5. Derivatives Containing AC = N or N = N Double Bond
6. Chlorphenamidine
7. Formetanate
8. Compounds Containing Sulphur
9. Chlortensulfide
10. Tetrasul
11. Tetradifon
12. Aramite
13. Organophosphorous Compounds
14. Dienuchlor
15. Chlorfenethol
16. Derivatives Containing AC = N or N = N Double Bond
17. Chlorphenamidine
18. Formetanate
19. Compounds Containing Sulphur
20. Chlortensulfide
21. Tetrasul
22. Tetradifon
23. Aramite
24. Organophosphorous Compounds
25. Carbophenethion
26. Organometallic Compounds
27. Fentin Hydroxide
28. Itrophenol Derivatives
29. Dinobuton
30. Formamidines
31. Chlordimeform
32. Fometanate Hydrochloride
33. Heterocyclics

X. HERBICIDES :
1. How Weeds Cause Damage or Losses
2. How Weeds are Introduced and Spread to New Areas
3. Weed Classification
4. Methods of Weed Control
5. Prevention
6. Cultural and Mechanical Control
7. Biological Control
8. Chemical Weed Control
9. Classification of Herbicides
10. Classification Based on Method of Application
11. Classification Based on Mode of Action
12. Classification Based on Chemical Affinity and Structural Similarity
13. The Organic Herbicides
14. Petroleum Oils
15. Organic Arsenicals
16. Phenoxyaliphatic Acids
17. 2, 4-D
18. MCPA
19. 2, 4, 5-T
20. MCPP
21. 2, 4, 5-TP
22. MCPB
23. 2, 4-Des
24. Erbon
25. 2, 4-DEP
26. Derivatives of Benzoic Acid
27. 2, 3, 6-TBA
28. Dicamba
29. Dinoben
30. Benzonitriles
31. Dichlobenil
32. Chlorthamid
33. Loxynil
34. Bromoxynil
35. Carbamate Herbicides
36. Probham
37. Chloropropham
38. Proximpham
39. Asulam
40. Phenmedipham
41. Bi-PC
42. Barban
43. Thiocarbamates
44. Eptam
45. Benthiocarb
46. Diallate
47. Triallate
48. Dithiocarbamates
49. Metham-Sodium
50. Sulfallate
51. Amides
52. Allidochlor
53. Propachlor
54. Alachlor
55. Butachlor
56. Diphenamid
57. Propanil
58. Bipyridylium Herbicide
59. Paraquat
60. Diquat
61. Dinitrophenols
62. DNOC
63. Dinoseb
64. Triazines
65. Simazine
66. Atrazine
67. Prometryne
68. Organophosphorous Compound
69. Phosphorothiolates
70. Bensulide
71. Phosphonates
72. Glyphosate
73. Substituted Ureas
74. Monuron
75. Linuron
76. Diuron
77. Neburon
78. Trimeturon
79. Meturin
80. Dichloral Urea
81. Cycluron
82. Noruton
83. Monolinuron
84. Isoproturon
85. Dintroanilines
86. Nitraiin
87. Dipropalin
88. Butralin
89. Chlorinidin
90. Isopropalin
91. Fluchloralin
92. Pendimethalin
93. Pyridines
94. Pyrichlor
95. Azoles
96. Amitrole
97. Methazole
98. Oxadiazon
99. Sulfonyl Urea Herbicides
100. Imdazolinones
101. Herbicide Extenders

XI. PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS :
1. Auxins
2. Synthetic Growth Inhibitors
3. Maleic Hydrazide
4. Chlormequat
5. Daminozide
6. Glyphosine
7. Gibberellings
8. Cytokmins
9. Inhibitors and Retardants
10. Ethylene Generators

XII. REPELLENTS,ATTRACTANTS, PHEROMONES, SYNERGISTS, SYNTHETIC INHIBITORS and PROINSECTICIDES :
1. Repellents
2. Dimethyl Phthalate
3. N, N :Diethyl-M-Toluamide (Deet)
4. Benzyl Benzoate
5. Butoxypolyproplene Glycol
6. Atractants and Pheromones
7. Pheromones (Sex Attractants)
8. Uses of Pheromones
9. Synergists
10. Autosynergism
11. Synthetic Inhibitors
12. Proinsecticides
13. Procarbamates
14. N-Acyl-N-Methylcarbamates
15. N-Sulphenyl-N-Methylcarbamates
16. Propyrethroids
17. Proinsecticidal Organ-Ophosphates

XIII. Toxicology and SAFE USE of PESTICIDES :
1. Fundamentals of Toxicology
2. Toxicity and Hazards
3. Measurement of Toxicity
4. Estimation of Toxicity to Humans
5. Classification of Pesticides by Hazards
6. Pesticide Toxicity and Its Leble
7. Information on the Leaflet
8. Safety with Pesticides
9. Safe Storage
10. Safety in Application of Pesticides
11. Before Application
12. During Spraying
13. After Spraying
14. Emergencies
15. First Aid
16. Inhaled Poisons
17. Swallowed Poisons
18. How To Induce Vomiting
19. Dilute Poison Quickly
20. Universal Sponge
21. Activated Charcoal
22. Home Made Absorber
23. Shock
24
25XIV. INSECTICIDE ACT :
1. Why Insection Act
2. Insecticide Act
3. Salient Features of the Insecticide Act
4. Functions of Central Insecticides Board
5. Registration Committee
6. Registration Procedure
7. Provisional Registration under Section 9 (38)
8. Regular Registration under Section 9(3) of the Act
9. Data Requirement for Repeat Registration under Section 9(4)215

XV. PESTICIDE FORMULATIONS :
1. Types of Formulations
2. Dusting Powders
3. Diluent
4. Carrier
5. Methods of Preparation of Dust
6. Characteristics for Suitability of Carriers and Diluent
7. Specific Gravity
8. Bulk Density
9. Particle Size
10. Particle Shape
11. Hardness
12. Electrostatic Charge
13. PH
14. Surface Density and Sorption
15. Surface Acidity
16. Flowability
17. Driftless Dust
18. Advantages
19. Disadvantages
20. Water Dispersible Powder and Wettable Powders
21. Criteria for WDP
22. Wetting Agents
23. Spreadability
24. Dispersibility
25. Chemical Stability
26. Emulsifiable Concentrates Types of Emulsions
27. Function of the Emulsifier
28. Emulsions
29. Emulsion Concentrate
30. Granular Formulations
31. Mean Size
32. Selection of Inert Carriers
33. Techniques of Formulation
34. Impregation of Unextruded Granules
35. Extruded Pesticidal Granules
36. The Quality Control
37. Advantages
38. Encapsulated Granules
39. Floating Granules
40. Water Dispersible Granules
41. Water Miscible Liquids
42. Fogging Concentrates
43. Baits
44. Aerosols
45. Smokes
46. Ultralow Volume Formulation (Low Volume Sprays)
47. Controlled Release Formulations
48. Kind of Controlled Release Technology
49. Monolithic System
50. Materials Used for Controlled Release Formulation
51. Adjuvants
52. Penetrant Aids
53. Stabilizers and Deactivators
54. Anticaping Agents
55. Dry Lubricans
56. Stickers
57. Antidusting Agents
58. Antifoaming Agents
59. Viscosity Regulators
60. Surfactants
61. Anionic Surfactants
62. Cationic Surfactants
63. Nonionic Suractants

XVI. PESTICIDE MIXTURES :
1. Introduction
2. Pesticide Interaction Terms
3. Compatibility and Incompatibility of Mixture Components
4. Synergism, Antagonism and Additivity
5. Pesticide Resistance
6. Kinds of Pesticide Mixtures and Some of Their Problems
7. MPFS Analysis
8. Toxicological Aspects of Multicomponent Pesticides
9. Examples of Pesticide Mixtures
10. Insecticides
11. Fungicides
12. Insecticide/Fungicide
13. Herbicides

XVII. MODERN EQUIPMENT for a PESTICIDE FORMULATION LABORATORY and PILOT PLANT :
1. Introduction
2. Formulation Laboratory to Support General Production and Quality Control Activities
3. Formulation Development Laboratory
4. Processing Equipment
5. Physical Testing Equipment
6. Laboratory for Basic Formulation Research
7. Pilot Plant Equipment for the Processing of Formulations
8. Conclusion
9. Appendix A
10. Appendix B

XVIII. AEROSOL FORMULATIONS :
1. Introduction
2. Advantages and Disadvantages
3. Definition
4. Aerosol Operation and Theory
5. Types of Aerosol Formulations
6. Homogeneous Systems
7. Heterogeneous Systems
8. Solvent-Based Systems
9. Oil-Out Emulsion Systems
10. Water-Out Emulsions
11. Components of Aerosol Systems
12. Aerosol Intermediates
13. Active Ingredients
14. Solvents
15. 3.1.3 Water
16. 3.1.4 Emulsifiers
17. 3.1.5 Inhibitors
18. 3.1.6 Fragrances
19. 3.2 Aerosol Propellants
20. 3.2.1 General Properties
21. 3.3 Valves and Actuators
22. 3.3.1 Mounting Cups and Corresponding Gaskets
23. 3.3.2 Valve Steam Gaskets
24. 3.3.3 Valve Stems
25. 3.3.4 Springs
26. 3.3.5 the Valve Body (Housing)
27. 3.3.6 Dip Tubes
28. 3.3.7 Valve Actuators
29. 4 Properties of Aerosol Formulations
30. 4.1 Spray Properties
31. 4.2 Particle Size Characteristics
32. 4.3 Discharge Rate
33. 4.4 Vapour Pressure
34. 4.5 Density and Fill Weight
35. 5 Application of Aerosol Formulations
36. 5.1 Surface Sprays
37. 5.2 Space Sprays
38. 5.3 Multi-Purpose Spray

XIX. ADVANCES in PESTICIDES FORMULATIONS PACKAGING :
1. 1. Requirements Profile
2. 1.1. Statutory Demands
3. 1.2. Product Compatibility
4. 1.3. Pack Size
5. 1.4. Closure Concept
6. 1.5. Design
7. 1.6. Filling Process
8. 1.7. Information on the Label
9. 1.8. Labelling
10. 1.9. Transportation and Storage
11-1.10. Disposal
12. 2. Selection of Packaging Materials
13. 2.1. Solid Products
14. 2.1.1. Water-Soluble Film
15. 2.2. Liquid Products
16. 2.2.1. Glass
17. 2.2.2. Metal
18. 2.2.3. Plastics
19. 2.2.4. Biodegradable Plastics
20. 2.3. Large Returnable Containers
21. 2.4. Transportation Packaging
22. 3. Measures of Quality Control
23. 3.1. Storage Stability Test (4)
24. 3.2. Continuous Quality Checks
25. 3.3. Control of Incoming Material
26. 4. Specifications
27. 4.1. Package Specifications
28. 4.2. Packaging Instructions
29. 5. Disposal

XX. AEROSOL PACKAGING TECHNOLOGY :
1. Introduction
2. Working Principle of Aerosol
3. Pack Contents (Product and Propellent)
4. Propellents Fall Into Two General Groups
5. Aerosol Cans
6. 3-Piece Tinplate Aerosol Cans
7. 2-Piece Aerosol Containers
8. Single-Piece Aluminium Cans
9. Aerosol Valve
10. Standard Dip Tube
11. Visco Tubing
12. Capillary Tubing
13. The Mounting Cup
14. The Housing
15. The Stem
16. The Spring
17. The Gasket
18. The Actuator
19. Methods of Filling Aerosol Containers
20. Product Filling
21. Removal of Air in the Headspace
22. Swaging
23. Propellant Filling
24. Compressed Gases
25. Growth Potential (Productwise)
26. Legislation
27. Chlorofluorocarbons (Cfcs)
28. Flammability
29. Developments
30. New Products
31. Alternative Propellants
32. Cans
33. Valves
34. Conclusion

XXI. PACKAGING in PESTICIDES INDUSTRY :
1. Formulation Types
2. Major Features
3. Packaging
4. Major Factors Governing the Selection of Packaging Materials and Packages
5. Chemical Compatibility
6. Requirements of Transport and Storages
7. Economics
8. Legal Obligations
9. Moc of Packaging Materials

XXII. EMULSIFIER for PESTICIDES :
12. Uses & Applications
13. Applications
14. Plant Economics
15. Plant & Machinery
16. Fixed Capital
17. Raw Materials
18. Total Working Capital/Month
19. Total Capital Investment
20. Turn Over/Annum

XXIII. PESTICIDES :
1. Copper Oxy Chloride
2. Wettable Sulphur

XXIV. PESTICIDE PREPARATION USING NEEM FRUITS and SEEDS (MARGOSA) :
1. Manufacturing Process of Pesticide Using Neem Fruits & Seeds
2. Preparatory Steps
3. Extraction
4. Distillation
5. Concentration
6. Neem Formulations
7. Plant Economics
8. Plant & Machinery
9. Fixed Capital
10. Raw Materials
11. Total Working Capital/Month
12. Total Capital Investment
13. Turn Over/Annum

XXV. INSECTICIDES for RATS, TERMITES, RODENTS, MOUSES, COCKROAHES, MONTHICIDE :
1. Process
2. Commercial Product
3. Rat Repellent
4. Process
5. Mothicide
6. Cockroach Repellent (Like Laxman Rekha)
7. Process
8. Plant Economics
9. Plant & Machinery
10. Fixed Capital
11. Raw Materials
12. Total Working Capital/Month
13. Total Capital Investment
14. Turn Over/Annum

XXVI. MOSQUITO LARVA : DESTROYER :
1. Uses & Applications
2. Manufacturing Process of Mosquito Larva Killer
3. Plant Economics
4. Land & Building
5. Plant & Machinery
6. Fixed Capital
7. Raw Materials
8. Total Working Capital/Month
9. Total Capital Investment
10. Turn Over/Annum

XXVII. PESTICIDES :
1. Common Name-Butachlor
2. Uses
3. Pyrethriods
4. Metabolism of Pyrethriods in Insects
5. Synthetic Phyrothriods
6. Process of Manufactures
7. Monocrotophos
8. Methyl Parathion
9. Manufactures
10. Mixing and Blending
11. Milling of Wettable Powders
12. Plant Economics
13. Plant & Machinery
14. Fixed Capital
15. Total Working Capital/Month
16. Total Capital Investment

XXVIII. MOSQUITO COILS and MATS :
1. Formulation
2. Mosquito Repellents
3. Pyrethrum
4. Process of Manufacture
5. Mosquito Repellent Mats Manufacturing
6. Plant Economics
7. Plant & Machinery
8. Fixed Capital
9. Raw Materials
10. Total Working Capital/Month
11. Total Capital Investment
12. Turnover/Annum

XXIX. INSECTICIDES FROM NEEM SEEDS, NEEM OILS & NEEM LEAVES :
1. Manufacturing Process
2. Details of Distillation Process
3. Plant Economics
4. Plant & Machinery
5. Fixed Capital
6. Raw Materials
7. Total Working Capital/Month
8. Total Capital Investment
9. Turn Over/Annum

XXX. AIR FRESHER (ODONILTYPE) :
1. Manufacturing of Air Freshner (Odonil Type)
2. Plant Economics
3. Plant & Machinery
4. Fixed Capital
5. Raw Materials
6. Total Working Capital/Month
7. Total Capital Investment
8. Turn Over/Annum

XXXI. PHENYL (BLACK and WHITE) :
1. Manufacturing Process
2. Process
3. Methods of Manufacturing of Black Phenyl
4. Formulation (White Phenyl)
5. Process
6. Plant Economics
7. Plant & Machinery
8. Fixed Capital
9. Raw Materials
10. Total Working Capital/Month
11. Total Capital Investment
12. Turn Over/Annum

XXXII. BENZENE HEXA-CHLORIDE :
1. Process of Manufacture
2. Process

XXXIII. AEROSOL & MOSQUITO REPELLANT SPRAY (BAYGON, HIT, MORTEINTYPE) :
1. Aerosol Insecticide Formulation
2. Manufacturing Process
3. Method of Filling of Cans
4. Plant Economic
5. Plant & Machinery
6. Fixed Capital
7. Raw Materials
8. Total Working Capital/Month
9. Total Capital Investment
10. Turn Over/Annum

XXXIV. MOSQUITO REPELLANT Agarbatti (INCENSE STICKS) :
1. Typical Composition of Agarbatti of Medium Quality
2. Mosquito Repellant Batti
3. Manufacturing Process
4. Plant Economics
5. Plant & Machinery
6. Fixed Capital
7. Raw Materials
8. Total Working Capital/Month
9. Total Capital Investment
10. Turn Over/Annum

XXXV. ALLETHRIN MOSQUITO REPELLANT OIL :
1. LD 50 Valuesto Housefly
2. Process of Manufacture
3. Plant Economics
4. Plant & Machinery
5. Fixed Capital
6. Raw Materials
7. Total Working Capital/Month
8. Total Capital Investment
9. Turn Over/Annum

XXXVI. AEROSOL INSECTICIDE SPRAY (BAYGON, HIT, MORTEIN, HESITTYPE) :
1. Aerosol Components
2. General Properties
3. Boiling Point and Vapor Pressure
4. Cost
5. Flammability
6. Odor
7. Purity
8. Stability
9. Toxicity
10. Solvents
11. Active Ingredients
12. Operation of an Aerosol
13. Aerosol Insecticide Formulations
14. Aerosol Insecticide Span/ (Baygon Type)
15. Aerosol Insecticide Spray (Hit Type)
16. Other Formulations of House Hold Aerosols
17. Detailed Manufacturing Process
18. Plant Economics
19. Plant & Machinery
20. Total Working Capital/Month
21. Total Capital Investment
22. Turn Over/Annum

XXXVII. RECENT DEVELOPMENT in PESTICIDE FORMULATIONS :
1. Introduction
2. Water Dispersible Granules (WDG)
3. Suspension Concentrate (SC)
4. Concentrate Emulsion (CE)
5. Susposuspension (SS)
6. Water Soluble Concentrate/Soluble Liquid
7. Concentrated Solution (Cs)
8. Microemulsion (ME)
9. Microemulsion Concentrate (MEC)
10. Microencapsulation
11. Methods of Encapsulation
12. Microencapsulated Suspension
13. Suspoemulsion or Suspension Emulsion (SE)
14. Low Volume (LV) and Ultra Low Volume (ULV) Type
15. Gel Type

XXXVIII. CLASSIFICATION of PESTICIDES :
1. Classification of Pesticides According to the Type of Pests They Control, (Terms Bearing the Suffix-Cide)
2. Classification by Effect on Pests
3. Classification of Insecticides
4. Classification by Chemical Nature
5. Carbamates
6. Classification of Insecticides by Mode of Action
7. Classification of Fungicides
8. Classification of Fungicides by Chemical Nature
9. Inorganic Fungicides
10. Copper Fungicides
11. Organic Fungicides
12. Organometallic Compounds
13. Systemic Fungicides
14. Other Organic Compounds
15. Antibiotics
16. Classification of Fungicides by Mode of Action
17. Protectant Fungicides
18. Curative or Eradicant Fungicides
19. Systemic Fungicides
20. Classification of Herbicides
21. Classification by Chemical Nature
22. Inorganic Herbicides
23. Organic Herbicides
24. Phenoxy Aliphatic Acid
25. Diphenylethers
26. Substituted Ureas
27. Carbamates
28. Thiocarbamates
29. Aliphatic Acids
30. Phenol Derivatives
31. Miscellaneous Herbicides
32. Classification of Herbicides by Mode of Action
33. Classification of Biological Pest Control Agents
34. Biochemical Pest Control Agents
35. Microbial Pest Control Agents
36. Fungal Microbial Insecticides
37. Microbial Insecticides
38. Viral Microbial Insecticides
39. Nematodes

XXXIX. BIO-PROTECTION in FIELDS : EXTRACTS FROM NOVEL PESTICIDES :
1. Essetial Characteristics of Effective Biocontrol Agents
2. Requirements for Commercialization

XL. SUPPLIERS of PLANT and EQUIPMENTS :
1. Storage Tanks
2. Cooling Towers
3. Boilers
4. Mixers
5. Steel Tanks Stainless
6. Laboratory Equipments & Suppliers
7. Distillation Columms & Towers
8. Blender : Chemical
9. Grinders
10. Dryer Chemical

XLI. SUPPLIERS of RAW MATERIALS :
1. Naphthalene
2. Paraffin Wax
3. Benzole Acid
4. Fungicides
5. Ethyl Alcohol
6. Distilled-Water
7. Fragrances
8. Castor Oils
9. Creosote
10. Linseed Oil
11. Casein
12. Borax
13. Rosin

XLII. PACKING MATERIALS :
1. Glass Bottles
2. Aluminum Containers
3. Shrink-Film
4. Containers : Aerosol
5. Pet Bottles

Preface

The book 'Hand Book of Agro Chemical Industries (Insecticide and Pesticide)' covers almost all the basic and advanced details to setup own Agro Chemical Unit. The major chapters and details of the book are : Agro Chemical Industries, Pesticides, Insecticides Technology, Fungicides, Nematicides, Rodenticides, Molluscicides, Fumigants, Acaricides, Herbicides, Plant Growth Regulators, Repellents, Attractants, Pheromones, Synergists, Synthetic Inhibitors and Proinsecticides, Toxicology and Safe Use of Pesticides, Insecticide Act, Pesticide Formulations, Pesticide Mixtures, Modern Equipments for a Pesticide Formulation Laboratory and Pilot Plant, Aerosol Formulations, Advances in Pesticides Formulations Packaging, Packaging in Pesticide Industry, Emulsifier for Pesticides, Pesticide Preparation Using Neem Fruit and Seeds (Margosa), Insecticides for Rats, Termites, Rodents, Mouses, Cockroaches, Monthicide, Mosquito Coil and Mats, Mosquito Larva Destroyer, Pesticide Formulations, Insecticides for Neem Seeds, Neem Oils and Neem Leaves, Air Freshners (Odonil Type), Phenyl (Black and White), B.H.C., Aerosol and Mosquito Repellent Spray (Baygon, Hit, Mortein Type), Mosquito Repellent Agarbatti (Insense Sticks), Allethrin Mosquito Repellent Oil etc. Plant and Equipments Suppliers Packaging Suppliers, Apart from these details, the book also discloses the major other untold chapters which are quite important for those who wish to enter into Agro Chemical manufacturing trade. Frankly speaking-the book is also quite indispensable for those who have also setup their industry.

The book has been written for the benefit and to prove an asset and a handy reference guide in the hands of new entrepreneurs & well established industrialists.

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