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Plant Physiology 4th Edition, 2nd Reprint

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Book Information

Publisher:UBS Publisher's Distributors, Vikas Publishing House (P) Ltd.
Published In:2009
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:1.98 lbs
Pages:pp. xii + 682, Illus., Charts, Tables, Graphs, Index, Glossary

The Title "Plant Physiology 4th Edition, 2nd Reprint" is written by S.N. Pandey. This book was published in the year 2009. The ISBN number 8125918795|9788125918790 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. The book displayed here is a 4th Edition, 2nd Reprint edition. This book has total of pp. xii + 682 (Pages). The publisher of this title is UBS Publisher's Distributors, Vikas Publishing House (P) Ltd.. Plant Physiology 4th Edition, 2nd Reprint is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

Plant Physiology lucidly explains the operational mechanisms of plants based on up-to-date literature and with the help of numerous illustrations. In addition to the theoretical aspects, experiments have been incorporated at the end of relevant chapters.

The fourth edition has been updated and thoroughly revised in the light of the UGC model curriculum. Amendments and fresh inclusion are particularly evident in the chapters on Cell Structure and Functions, Elementary Biochemistry, The Enzymes, Photosynthetic Apparatus, Photosynthesis, Photorespiration, Respiration, Plant Growth Regulators, Biological Clocks, and Role of Plant Physiology in Agriculture.

New chapters on Photobiology, Photomorphogenesis, and Senescence and new topics like Calmodulin, Cryptochrome, CAMP, and Signal Transuduction Mechanism have been included to provide wide coverage of the subject. The presentation and illustrations have been considerably improved.

The book, with its compilation of vast literature and its lucid presentation, will certainly be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students. It will also be of help to students preparing for various competitions, including IAS, PCS and Medical Entrance Examinations of various boards.

About the Author

Dr. s.n. Pandey has been teaching Plant Physiology at DAV College, Kanpur since 1966. He has published several research papers in various journals and is Editor of Research Journal of Plant and Environment and Advances in Applied Physiology (2 vols.). He is also co-author of 'A Textbook of Botany (3 vols.) published by Vikas. He is General Secretary of the International Society for Plant and Environment and has attended international conferences in Germany, Prance, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, and USA.

Prof B.K. Sinha worked on Plant Physiology for thirty years. For ten years he worked under Professor S C Aggarwal at the Botany Department, Lucknow University, and later taught graduate and postgraduate students at DAV College, Kanpur. Dr Sinha also worked on ten annual reports on plant composition scheme for the ICAR. He also supervised research work on various aspects of plant physiology.


Preface to the Fourth Edition
Preface to the First Edition

Part I : THE CELL :
1. The Cell :
Introduction—Cell—The Basic Unit of Life; Cell Wall—Middle Lamella, Primary Wall, Secondary Wall, Functions of Cell Wall; Protoplasm; Cell Membrane—Composition of Membrane, Structure of Membrane; Cytoplasm; Cytoplasmic Organellcs; Plastids; Chloroplast; Ultra Structure of Chloroplast—Molecular Organisation of Thylakoids; Fine Structure of the Thylakoid Membrane; Mitochondria—Structure, Functions of Mitochondria, Origin of Mitochondria; Endoplasmic reticulum; Microsomes; Golgi Complex; Ribosomes; Lysosomes; Transosomes; Microtubules—Functions of Microtubules; Microfilaments; Microbodies; Pcroxisomes; Glyoxysomes; Sphcrosomes; Cilia and Flagella; Nucleus; Chromosomes; Vacuoles; Prokaryotic Cell; Mesokaryotic Cell; Study Questions

Part II : WATER Relations :
2. Different Bio-Physico-Chemical Phenomena :
Colloids—Properties of Colloids, Protoplasm—A Polyphasic Colloidal System; Permeability—Theories on Membrane Permeability; Diffusion; Osmosis—Osmosis Phenomenon—Concept of Water Potential (y); Cell as an Osmotic System—Importance of Osmosis to the Plants; Imbibition : Plasmolysis; Experiments; Study Questions

3. Absorption of Water :
Water, Soil Water—Water Absorbing Parts of Plants; Roots—Root Hair, Xylem; Mechanism of Water Absorption—Entry of Water in Root Hair, Active Absorption, Passive Absorption—Relative Importance of Active and Passive Absorption, Effect of Roots on Soil; Pathway of Water Across the Root Cells; Factors Affecting Water Absorption Rate—External Factors, Internal Factors; Study Questions

4. Ascent of Sap :
Introduction—Vital Theories—Objections to Vital Theories; Root Pressure Theory; Physical Force Theories—Capillarity Theory, Imbibitional Theory, Atmospheric Pressure Theory, Transpiration Pull or Cohesion-tension Theory; Fxperiments; Questions

5. Transpiration-a Phenomenon of Water Loss :
Amount of Water Transpired; Significance of Transpiration—Transpiration is Unavoidable and Dangerous; Transpiration is Necessary; Mechanism of Transpiration; Kinds of Transpiration; Stomata; Diffusion Through Stomata! Pores, Mechanism of Stomatal Opening and Closing—Theory of Photosynthesis in Guard Cells, Theory of Starch Sugar Interconversion, Theory of Starch Glucose Interconversion, Theory of Glycolate Metabolism, Theory of Proton Transport and Hormonal Regulation, Stomatal Opening in Succulent Plants, Cyclic AMP Mediated Stomatal Movement; Plant Antitranspirants; Factors Affecting the Rate of Transpiration— External Factors; Guttation; Experiments; Study Questions

6. Mineral Nutrition :
Introduction; Essential Elements; Plant Analysis; Solution Culture—Hydroponics (Chemical Gardening), Aeroponics; Sand Culture; Macronutrients—Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen; Nitrogen; Sulphur; Phosphorus; Calcium; Potassium; Micronutrient Elements—Iron; Manganese; Copper; Zinc; Molybdenum; Boron; Chlorine and Others; Crop Production and Chemical Fertilizers; Study Questions

7. Mineral Salt Absorption :
Introduction—Soil Solution, Availability of Mineral Salts; Objections to Passive Absorption Concept; Active Absorption—The Carrier Concept Theory, Protein—Lectin as Carrier, Cytochrome—Pump-Hypothesis, All Theories, Conclusion; Factors Affecting Salt Absorption; Study Questions

8. Heterotrophic Plants :
Parasites—Parasitic Angiosperms—Symbiosis; Saprophytes; Insectivorous Plants; Study Questions

9. Elementary Biochemistry :
Introduction; Carbohydrates—Oligosaccharides, Polysaccharides; Lipids—Acyl Glycerols, Waxes, Phospholipids, Sphingolipids, Glycolipids, Terpenoids, Functions of Lipids; Proteins—Structure of Proteins, Classification of Proteins—Simple Proteins, Conjugated Proteins, Derived Proteins; Some Special Proteins—Lectins, Calmodulins, P-Proteins, Electron Transfer Proteins; Nucleic Acids—Deoxyribonucleic Acid, Ribonucleic Acid; Vitamins—Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Hormones; Minerals, Study Questions

10. The Enzymes :
Introduction; Nomenclature and Classification of Enzymes; Structure and Composition of Enzymes; Some Coenzymes of Oxidation and Reduction Processes; Nature of Enzymes; Mode of Enzyme Action—Isozymes, Inhibitors; Factors Affecting Enzyme Activities; Experiments; Study Questions

11. Photosynthetic Apparatus :
The Chloroplast—Chloroplast Structure; The Photosynthetic Pigments-Chlorophyll Pigments, Biosynthesis of Chlorophylls, Carotenoid Pigments, Phycobilin Pigments; Study Questions

12. Photosynthesis :
Introduction; Photosynthesis on Earth; Definition of Photosynthesis; Photosynthesis as a Process—Evidences in Support of Light and Dark Reactions; Mechanism of Photosynthesis : I Light Reaction—Red Drop and Emerson Effect and Two Pigment Systems, Energy Relationships and Efficiency of Photosynthesis, Interrelationships between Light and Dark Reaction; Mechanism of Photosynthesis: II Dark Reaction- Calvin Cycle (C3 Plants), Hatch and Slack Cycle (C4 Plants), C4 Cycle, Structural Peculiarities of C4 Plants, Kranz-Anatomy is not Essential for C4 Plants, Biological Significance of C4 Cycle; Light Regulated Enzymes; Inhibitors of Photosynthetic Process; Synthesis of Polysaccharides; Factors Affecting Photosynthesis—Internal Factors, External Factors; Experiments; Pigments—Vacuolar Pigments, Chloroplast; Study Questions

13. Bacterial Photosynthesis and Chemosynthesis :
Bacterial Photosynthesis; Introduction, Photosynthetic Bacteria, Photosynthetic Apparatus; Mechanism of Bacterial Photosynthesis—Light Reaction, Carbon Assimilation in Photosynthetic Bacteria; Camparison between Photosynthetic Bacteria and Green Plants—Similarities, Differences; Chemosynthesis Chemosynthcsis by Nitrifying Bacteria, Chemosynthesis by Sulphur Bacteria, Chemosynthesis by Iron Bacteria, Chemosynthesis by Hydrogen and Methane Bacteria; Study Questions

14. Photorespiration :
Introduction—Photorespiration Process, Site of Photorespiration, Evidences for the Occurrence of Photorespiration, Significance of Photorespiration; Study Questions

15. Translocation of Solutes :
Introduction; Path of Movement—Elimination of other Tissues, Evidences, Structure of Phloem Cells, Solution in Transport, Exchange between Phloem and Xylem, Translocation in Seive Tubes; Mechanism of Solute Translation—Protoplasmic Streaming Theory, Transcellular Streaming, Contractile Proteins, Electroosmosis, Pressure Flow Theory, Modifications of Pressure Flow Hypothesis, Bimodal Theory of Translocation; Sucrose Proton Model; Shuttle System; Source Sink Concept and Assimilate Partitioning-Assimilate Partitioning during Vegetative Phase, Assimilate Partitioning during Reproductive Phase; Factors Affecting Translocation; Study Questions

16. Respiration :
Introduction—Significance of Respiration; Respiratory Quotient—Respiratory Quotient of Carbohydrates, Respiratory Quotient of Fats, Respiratory Quotient of Proteins and Derivatives, Respiratory Quotient of Succulents, Respiratory Quotient of Organic Acids, Respiratory Quotient when Oxygen is Utilized for Other Metabolic Processes, Respiratory Quotient of Maturing Fatly Seeds, Respiratory Quotient of Tissue Respiring in Absence of Oxygen; Types of Respiration; Mechanism of Respiration; Glycolysis; Phosphorylation in Glycolysis; Breakdown of Pyruvic Acid—Alcoholic Fermentation, Fate of Pyruvic Acid to Amino acids, Breakdown of Pyruvic Acid to Lactic Acid, Fate of Pyruvate to CO2 and H2O, Formation of Acetyl CoA; Krebs Cycle—Electron Transport System (KTS Chain); ETS in Glycolysis and Krebs Cycle; Energy Transformation in Mitochondria—The Krebs Cycle; The Respiratory Chain or Electron Transport System; The Phosphorylating System; Chemi-osmotic theory; Efficiency of Respiration, Balance Sheet of CO2 and H2O Molecules; Hexose Monophosphatc Shunt; Cyanide Resistant Respiration; Enter Doudoroff Pathway; Pasteur's Effect—Anaerobic Respiration, Aerobic Respiration; Biolumincscence; Interrelations between Respiration and other Metabolic Pathways; Factors Affecting Rate of Respiration—Internal Factors, External Factors; Experiments; Study Questions

17. Nitrogen Metabolism :
Introduction; Nitrogen Fixation—Physical Nitrogen Fixation, Biological Nitrogen Fixation; Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation; Asymbiotic Nitrogen Fixation; Process of Nitrogen Fixation; Nitrogen in Soil—Denitrification, Ammonification and Nitrification, Nitrogen Assimilation; Amino Acid Metabolism—Amino Acid Synthesis, Amino Acid Destruction; Proteolysis; Study Questions

18. The Nucleic Acids (DNA and RNA) :
DNA; Structure of DNA; Double Helical Model of DNA; Different Types of DNAs—7.-DNA, Single Stranded DNA, Some Unusual N-Bases of DMAs; RNA: Types of RNAs—Genetic RNA, Non-genetic RNA, Messenger RNA; Ribosomal RNA, Transfer RNA, Some Unusual Bases in tRNA; Study Questions

19. Replication of DNA :
Semi-conservative Method; Some Details of DNA Replication—Origin of Replication, Continuous and Discontinuous Replication of DNA, Primer Requirement and Other Enzymes, Proof reading and DNA repair; Study Questions

20. Select Nuclear Enzymes :
Topoisomerases; SSB Proteins; RNA Polymerase, Prokaryotic RNA Polymerase, Eukaryotic RNA Polymerase, DNA Polymerase I, Polymerase II, Polymerase III, DNA Ligase, Pilot Proteins, Nucleases, Restriction Enzymes, Discovery, Classification of Restriction Enzymes; Study Questions

21. Synthesis of Proteins :
Protein Synthesis in Prokaryotes; Protein Synthesis in Eukaryotes—Inhibition of Protein Synthesis; Study Questions

22. The Genetic Code :
Introduction; Nature of Genetic Code; Wobble Hypothesis; New Genetic Codes in Mitochondria; Study Questions

23. Regulation of Gene Action and Signal Trasduction Mechanism :
Gene Regulation in Prokaryotes, Regulatory Activities in the Cytoplasm, Regulatory Activities in the DNA, Operon Concept, Gene Regulation of Eukaryotes—Regulation at Transcription Level; Signal Transduction: Study Questions

24. Fat Metabolism :
Introduction; Fats; Fat Metabolism—Anabolism—Synthesis of Fatty Acids, Synthesis of Gylcerol, Condensation of Fatty Acids and Glyccrol; Catabolism; The β-Oxidation Pathway; The α-Oxidation Pathway, The Peroxidation Pathway; Study Questions

25. Growth :
Growth Regions, Phases of Growth, Growth Curve, Kinetics of Growth Measurement of Growth, Factors Affecting Growth; Study Questions

26. Plant Growth Regulators :
Auxins—Characteristics of Auxins, Chemical Nature of Auxins, Biosynthesis of Auxins, Auxin Translocation; Role of Auxins—Apical Dominance, Cell Enlargement and Cell Elongation, Acid Growth Hypothesis, Xylem Differentiation, Nucleic Acid Activities, Manifold Activities; Practical Application of Auxins; Gibberellins—Characteristics of Gibhcrellins, Chemistry of Gibbcrcllins, Biosynthesis of Gibberellins, Site of GA Synthesis and Translocalion, Mechanism ol'Gihbercllin Action; The Role of Endogenous Gibberellins, Action and Practical Application of Gibberellins (GA); Cytokinins—Characteristics of Cytokinins, Chemistry of Kinetin, Naturally Occurring Cytokinins, Synthetic Cytokinins, Biosynthesis of Cytokinins, Translocation of Cytokinins, Action and Applications of Cytokinins; Abscissic Acid—Chemistry of Abscissic Acid, Biosynthesis of Abscissic Acid, Translocation of Abscissic Acid—Mechanism of Action ol Abscissic Acid, Biosynthesis of Abscissic Acid, Role and Application of Abscissic Acid; Ethylene—Biosynthesis of Ethylene, Role and Application of Ethylene, Mechanism of Ethylene, Physiological Effects of Ethylene; Wound Hormone; Florigen, Atheism and Vernalin; Morphactins—Role of Morphactins, Morphactins and Abscissic Acid; Some other Growth Regulators; Vitamins; Biossays of Hormones—Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Abscissic Acid, Ethylene; Study Questions

27. Photoperiodism and Vernalisation :
Photoperiodism, Short-day Plants; Long-day Plants; Day-neutral Plants, Photoperiodic Induction, Site of Photo-inductive Perception, Transmission of Stimulus, Nature of Stimulus; Theories of Plant Flowering—Long-day Species Flower under Long-day Conditions, Short-day Species Flower under Short-day Conditions- -Photoperiodism in India; Vernalisation—Theory of Vernalisation; Vernalisation Process, Mechanism of Vernalisation; Vernalisation in India; Study Questions

28. Photobiology : Phytochrome and Cryptochrome :
Phytochrome, Concept, Mode of Phytochrome Action, Phytochrome Activities; Cryptochrome; Study Questions

29. Plant Movements :
Autonomic or Spontaneous Movements—Locomotion Movement, Growth and Curvature Movement, Movements of Variation; Paratonic or Induced Movements—Tactic Movements, Tropic Movements, Nastic Movements, Haptonastic Movements, Seisomonastic Movements; Study Questions

30. Fruiting :
Fruit Set; Fruit Growth; Fruit Drop; Fruit Ripeing; Study Questions

Plant Senescence; Leal Senescence, Physiology of Senescence, Biological Significance; Study Questions

32. Seed Germination :
Seed Viability, Conditions for Germination, Process of Germination, Metabolic Aspects of Germination; Study Questions

33. Biology of Dormancy :
Introduction; Bud Dormancy-The Induction of Bud Dormancy, The Removal of Bud Dormancy; Seed Dormancy—Seed Germination, Sted Viability, Seed Dormancy and Methods to Preak it; Mechanism of Dormancy—Bud Dormancy; Seed Dormancy; Study Questions

34. Stress Physiology :
Drought Resistance, What is Drought and Drought Resistance? Effect of Drought on Plants; Plants of Drought Areas, Mechanism of Drought Resistance, Induction of Drought Resistance; Cold Resistance—Effect of Freezing, Prevention of Cold Injury; Salt Sires; High Temperature Stress; Acid Soil Stress; Study Questions

35. Biological Clock :
Concept of the Prological Clocks, Physiology of the Biological Clocks, Location of Biological Clock and its Chemical Composition, the Practical Importance of Biological Clock; Study Questions

36. Photomorphogenesis :
The Role of Light in Seed Germination, Role of Light in Seed Establishment, Role of Light in Vegetatire Growth, Photoperiodic Effects of Light, Effect of Light on Chloroplast Development, General Approach, Non-vascular Lower Plants, Pteridophyta, Gymrosperms, Angiosperms; Study Questions

37. Role of Plant Physiology in Agriculture :
Mineral Nutrition, Photoperiodism and Vernalisation, Production Physiology, Photosynthesis, Growth Regulators, Physiological Breeding, Dry Fanning, Irrigation, Seed Dormancy, Inhibition of Sprouting, Promotion of Flowering, Abscission, Seed Control, Tissue Culture, Remarks; Chemical Control in Agriculture and Horticulture, Vegetative Propagation, Prevention of Sprouting, Prevention of Suckering in Tobacco, Control of Flowering in Sugarcane, Promotion of Flowering in Pineapple, Defoliation in Cotton, Fruit Thinning, Prevention of Immature Emit Drop, Fruit Ripening, Delay in Ripening, Sigarcane Ripeners, Lodging in Cereals, Weed Control, Hormonal Utilization, Study Questions

38. Introduction to Modern Laboratory Techniques :
Spectiophotometry; Gel Filtration; Filtration Purification; Electrophoresis; Chromatography—Partition Chromatography, Absorption Chromatography, Ion Exchange Chromatography, Separation of Chloroplast Pigments by Paper Chromatography; Manometric Techniques; The Tracer Techniques—Radio Isotopes, Measurement of Radioactivity, Applications; Autoradiography; Microscopy; Electron Microscope; Study Questions

Objective Type Questions