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Post-Harvest Technology of Flowers and Ornamental Plants 1st Edition,8171324045,9788171324040

Post-Harvest Technology of Flowers and Ornamental Plants 1st Edition

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Publisher:Pointer Publishers, Aavishkar Publishers & Distributors
Published In:2005
ISBN-10:8171324045
ISBN-13:9788171324040
Binding Type:Hardback
Weight:2.77 lbs
Pages:pp. xxii + 442, 90 Plates (Col.), Tables, Index, References

The Title "Post-Harvest Technology of Flowers and Ornamental Plants 1st Edition" is written by L.C. De. This book was published in the year 2005. The ISBN number 8171324045|9788171324040 is assigned to the Hardback version of this title. The book displayed here is a 1st Edition edition. This book has total of pp. xxii + 442 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Pointer Publishers, Aavishkar Publishers & Distributors. Post-Harvest Technology of Flowers and Ornamental Plants 1st Edition is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

The changing scenario in International Trade in ornamental crops which provide unlimited export opportunities, demand perfection in post-harvest technology to offer quality plant products to the people around the world, all the year round. Great achievements have been made over the years in this important area to match the requirements of the global market.

This publication is planned in 28 chapters to review, illustrate, streamline and highlight the achievements on Post-Harvest Technology of Flowers and Ornamental Plants. It is a comprehensive and up-to-date document on senescence, post-harvest Physiology and technology of cut flowers and cut foliages, post-production Management technology and physiology of potted ornamentals, post-harvest technology of loose flowers, plant species and varieties for export and their post-harvest quality requirements, treatments employed for improving the longevity and quality of flowers, role of different groups of chemicals in delaying the senescence of cut flowers, flower ornaments and arrangement, storage, grading, packaging, transport and marketing. There are fascinating chapters on factors affecting the post-harvest life and quality of cut flowers, post-harvest problems of cut flowers and foliages and their remedies. Interesting and elaborate chapters are also provided in this Book on estimation of biochemical constituents, extraction of pigments, dyes and essential oils from ornamental plants.

This publication will be of immense value to scientists, teachers, students, planners, professional and amateur flower growers, traders, commercial entrepreneurs in Floriculture and exporters.

About the Author

Prof. S. K. Bhattacharjee retired as Project Coordinator, All India Coordinated Research Project on Floriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. He obtained his M. Sc. (Ag.) in Horticulture with first class and first rank from Kalyani University and Ph. D. in Horticulture from Calcutta University. He is also a diploma holder in Business Management and Industrial Administration, United Nations Studies and Landscape Architecture.

He has 38 years research, teaching, management, developmental and administrative experience in private organisations, Indian Botanic Gardens, Botanical Survey of India, State Agricultural Universities and ICAR Institutes. He was Head of the Division of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore. He has also served as Professor of Horticulture and Professor-in-Charge, North Bengal Campus, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Cooch-Behar, West Bengal.

Prof. Bhattacharjee has visited several foreign countries. He has published about 400 research papers and popular scientific articles in journals of national and international repute. He is the author of eight books among which Advanced Commercial Floriculture, Handbook of Medicinal Plants, Handbook of Aromatic Plants, Landscape Gardening & Designing with Plants and Medicinal Herbs and Flowers have been widely acclaimed and well received.

Dr. Lakshman Chandra De is a Senior Scientist in the field of horticulture, presently working as Officiating Joint Director, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Arunachal Pradesh Centre, Basar, Arunachal Pradesh. He obtained his M. Sc. and Ph. D. degrees in Horticulture with specialisation in Floriculture from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. He has eight years of research and extension and two years administrative experience. He has published 45 research papers in reputed journals and written 22 research abstracts, 21 popular articles and one research bulletin. He is the co-author of two most popular and valued books entitled Advanced Commercial Floriculture (in 2 volumes) and Medicinal Herbs and Flowers. He is a member of several scientific societies and referee of reputed journals.

Contents

Preface
List of Colour Plates

I. Introduction
II. IMPORTANT CUT FLOWERS, THEIR VARIETIES AND POST HARVEST QUALITY REQUIREMENTS :
1. Rose :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

2. Gladiolus :
i. Varieties Developed in India
ii. Varieties Evolved in IARI, New Delhi
iii. Varieties Evolved at HHR, Hessaraghatta, Bangalore
iv. Varieties Evolved at NBRI, Lucknow
v. Varieties Evolved at HETC, Chaubattia
vi. Varieties Evolved at P.A.U., Ludhiana
vii. Varieties Evolved at G.B. Pant University of viii. Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar
ix. Varieties Developed at M.P.K.V., Pune
x. Varieties Developed by B.B.S. Bhadri in Himachal Pradesh
xi. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

3. Carnation :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

4. Chrysanthemum :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements
iii. Varieties for Garlands

5. Orchids :
i. Important Genera and their Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

6. Anthurium :
i. Varieties of Anthurium
ii. Description of Some Common Varieties
iii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

7. Gerbera :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

8. Lilium :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

9. Tuberose :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

10. Tulip :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

11. Iris :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

12. Freesia :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

13. Alstroemeria :
i. Varieties
ii. Criteria for Standard Alstroemeria

14. Strelitzia :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

15. Heliconia :
i. Types of Heliconia
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

16. Liatris :
i. Varieties
ii. Post-Harvest Quality Requirements

III. SENESCENCE AND POST-HARVEST PHYSIOLOGY OF CUT FLOWERS :
1. Physiological Changes during Senescence
2. Ultrastructural and Biophysical Changes during Petal Senescence
3. Biochemical Changes during Senescence
4. Pigmental Changes
5. Changes in Phenolic Compounds
6. Changes in Vascular Morphology

IV. PRE-HARVEST FACTORS :
1. Genetical
2. Light
3. Temperature
4. Humidity
5. Mineral Nutrition Irrigation
6. Season/Day
7. Carbon Dioxide
8. Use of Agrochemicals
9. Planting Density
10. Pruning
11. Pests and Diseases

V. HARVEST FACTORS :
1. Stage of Harvest
2. Time of Harvest
3. Method of Harvest

VI. POST-HARVEST FACTORS :
i. Temperature
ii. Light
iii. Humidity
iv. Water Quality
v. Ethylene
vi. Other Plant Hormones
vii. Cytokinin and Senescence
viii. Gibberellins and Senescence
ix. Auxin and Senescence
x. Abscisic Acid and Senescence
xi. Preservatives
xii. Ventilation, Spacing and Packaging
xiii. Diseases and Pets

VII. TREATMENTS FOR IMPROVING LONGEVITY OF CUT AND LOOSE FLOWERS :
1. Selection and Breeding for Improved Cut Flowers
2. Physical Treatments :
i. Cut Stem Exuding Milky Fluid
ii. Effect of De-Leafing
iii. Vase Life of Cut Flowers as Affected by Stem Cut Ends
iv. Vase Life of Cut Flowers as Affected by Gamma Irradiation

3. Chemical Treatments for Improving Longevity of Cut Flowers :
i. Pre-Cooling
ii. Conditioning
iii. Impregnation
iv. Pulsing
v. Bud Opening
vi. Use of Standard Holding or Vase Solution

VIII. ROLE OF CHEMICAL PRESERVATIVES ON KEEPING QUALITY OF CUT FLOWERS :
1. Sugars
2. Mineral Salts
3. Anti-Transpirants
4. Ethylene Inhibitors
5. Growth Regulators
6. Growth Retardants
7. Growth Inhibitors
8. Enzyme Inhibitors
9. Nutritive Salts
10. Commercial Preservatives
11. Natural Floral Preservative
12. Ethanol

IX. POST-HARVEST TECHNOLOGIES OF IMPORTANT CUT FLOWERS :
1. Alstroemeria :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Preservatives
v. Grading and Packing

2. Anthurium :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Preservatives
v. Grading
vi. Packing and Transport

3. Antirrhinum :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Preservatives
v. Packing and Transport

4. Callistephus (China Aster) :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Preservatives
iv. Transport and Packing

5. Chrysanthemum :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Preservatives
v. Grading
vi. Packing and Transport

6. Cyclamen :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Vase Life
iii. Storage
iv. Preservatives
v. Transport

7. Dahlia :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Preservatives

8. Dianthus (Carnation) :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Preservatives
v. Grading
vi. Packing and Transport

9. Freesia :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Preservatives
iv. Packing

10. Gerbera :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Grading
vi. Packing and Transport

11. Gladiolus :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Grading
vi. Packing and Transport

12. Gypsophila :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservative
v. Grading, Packing and Transport

13. Lily :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives

14. Narcissus :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Transport

15. Polianthes (Tuberose) :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Grading, Packing and Transport

16. Orchid :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Grading, Packing and Transport

17. Rose :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Pre-Cooling
iii. Storage
iv. Vase Life
v. Pulsing
vi. Bud Opening
vii. Preservative Solution
viii. Grading
ix. Packing and Transport

18. Strelitzia (Bird of Paradise) :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Grading, Packing and Transport

19. Tulip :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives
v. Packing and Transport

20. Zinnia :
i. Stage of Harvest
ii. Storage
iii. Vase Life
iv. Floral Preservatives

X. POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF DIFFERENT CUT FLOWERS
XI. POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF ORCHID CUT FLOWERS
XII. POST-HARVEST MANAGEMENT OF LOOSE FLOWERS

XIII. SCOPE AND COMMERCIAL IMPORTANCE OF FOLIAGE AND OTHER POTTED PLANTS :
1. Scope of Export Trade in Potted Plants from India
2. Species and Cultivars of Commercially Important Foliage Plants
3. Problems of Export of Indian Potted Plants

XIV. PHYSIOLOGY OF FOLIAGE AND OTHER POTTED PLANTS :
1. Light
2. Temperature
3. Relative Humidity
4. Salts and Fertilisers
5. Wind
6. Growth Regulators
7. Carbon Dioxide Concentration

XV. POST PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT OF POTTED PLANTS :
1. Acclimatisation
2. Scope for Achieving Best Results with Acclimatisation in Foliage Plants Grading
3. Chemical Treatment before Shipment
4. Packaging, Transport and Storage
5. Care and Management of the Florist Shop
6. Care and Management of Foliage and other Potted plants in the Home

XVI. POST-PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT OF DIFFERENT POTTED PLANTS
XVII. POST-HARVEST TECHNOLOGY OF CUT FOLIAGES :
1. Pre-Harvest Factors :
i. Light
ii. Temperature
iii. Humidity
iv. Carbon Dioxide Concentration
v. Fertiliser and Irrigation
vi. Growth Regulators
vii. Pruning
viii. Shading

2. Post-Harvest Factors :
i. Light
ii. Temperature
iii. Humidity
iv. Water Relations
v. Leaf Waxes
vi. Ethylene
vii. Protection

3. Techniques for Improving Keeping Quality of Cut Foliage Plant :
i. Use of Floral Preservatives
ii. Application of Growth Simulation Models
iii. Use of Anti-Transpirants
iv. Hot Water Immersion
v. Fumigation
vi. Vapour Heat Treatment
vii. Bleaching

4. Post - Harvest Management of Important Genera of Cut Foliages

XVIII. FLOWER ORNAMENTS AND ARRANGEMENTS :
1. Garlands
2. Floral Wreaths or Bangles, Crowns
3. Gajra
4. Veni
5. Rangoli
6. Floral Bouquets
7. Flower Arrangement
8. General Rules and Basic Styles of Ikebana Tools and Accessories
9. Various Styles of Ikebana
10. Stage of Flowers for Arrangement
11. Care and Management

XIX. POST-HARVEST PROBLEMS OF CUT FLOWERS AND FOLIAGES, AND THEIR REMEDIES :
1. Bent Neck
2. Limp Neck
3. Bull Head
4. Blind Shoot
5. Calyx Splitting
6. Sleepiness
7. Topple
8. Negative Geotropism
9. Flower Bud Blasting
10. Petal Discoloration
11. Flower Bud and Petal Abscission
12. Foliage Discoloration
13. Petal Wilting
14. Bud Drying
15. Premature Leaf In-Rolling and Brack Discoloration
16. Water Stress
17. Leaf Wilting
18. Scape Bending
19. Lack of Flower Opening
20. Low Water Uptake
21. Treatment for Increasing Water Uptake into Cut Stems
22. Vascular Occlusion in Cut Flowers
23. Control of Microbial Populations

XX. STORAGE OF CUT FLOWERS AND OTHER ORNAMENTALS :
1. Cold Storage
2. Wet Storage
3. Dry Storage
4. Controlled Atmosphere Storage (CA)
5. Low Pressure Storage (LPS)
6. Modified Atmosphere Storage (MA)
7. Physiological and Biochemical Changes at Low Temperature Storage

XXI. GRADING AND PACKAGING :
1. Grading
2. Packaging
3. Packing Boxes
4. Wet Packing
5. Special Care for Exotic Flowers
6. Packing of Different Flowers

XXII. TRANSPORT
XXIII. MARKETING AND Finance :
1. Marketing Channels
2. Marketing Agencies
3. Marketing Constraints
4. Marketing Intelligence
5. Sale by Small and Marginal Farmers
6. Market Distortions
7. Bargaining Power
8. Banking Facilities
9. Exploitation by Commission Agents/Traders
10. Marketing of Cut Flowers in the Future
11. Finance
12. Development of Infrastructure
13. Export Promotion and Market Development Packing Improvement
14. Improvement on Quality and Quality Control
15. Developing Human Resources
16. Air Freight Subsidy

XXIV. DRIED FLOWERS AND PLANT PARTS :
1. Scope
2. Harvesting of Materials for Dehydration
3. Process of Dehydration
4. Air Drying
5. Embedding
6. Oven Drying
7. Microwave Oven Drying
8. Cryo Drying
9. Press Drying
10. Drying through Treating with Glycerine and Desiccants
11. Selected Items for Dehydration and Floral Arrangement
12. Foliage and Ferns
13. Seeds, Pods and Flower Skeletons
14. Nuts, Fruits and Cones
15. Bark and Branches
16. Care of Dried Flowers and Plant Parts
17. Uses of Dry Flowers

XXV. PREPARATION OF SOLUTIONS AND ESTIMATION OF BIOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS :
1. Methods for Preparation of Holding Solutions
2. Estimation of Biochemical Constituents Related to Post-Harvest :
i. Physiology of Cut Flowers

XXVI. EXTRACTION OF PLANT PIGMENTS :
1. Extraction of Chlorophylls
2. Extraction of Carotene and its Derivatives
3. Extraction, Purification, Separation and Measurement of Absorption of Anthocyanin Pigments
4. Extraction of Phenolic Glycosides, Catechins and Leucoanthocyanins
5. Important Flowers and their Pigments

XXVII. EXTRACTION OF DYES FROM PLANTS AND FLOWERS :
1. Extraction of Orange-Red Dye from Bixa orellana (Annatto)
2. Extraction of Red Carthamin and Safflower Yellow from Carthamus tinctora (Safflower)
3. Extraction of Haemotoxylin, the Purplish Red Dye from Logwood (Haematoxylon campechianum)
4. Extraction of Blue Dye from Indigofera sp. (Indigo)
5. Extraction of Orange Dye 'Henna' from Lawsonia Inermis (Henna) Other Dye Yielding Ornamentals

XXVIII. ESSENTIAL OILS FROM ORNAMENTAL PLANTS :
1. Extraction of Essential Oil
2. Recent Techniques for Extraction of Essential Oils
3. Storage of Essential Oils

4. Uses of Essential Oils
5. Popular Plants Yielding Essential Oils

List of Plates

1. Anthurium Varieties in Bloom
2. Different Cultivars of Carnation
3. Chrysanthemum "Chossak"
4. Gerbera
5. Gladiolus cv. "Poonam"
6. Gladiolus cv. "Hunting Song"
7. Phalaenopsis sp
8. Lilium House in Ooty
9. Rose cv. "Taxi"
10. Rose cv. "Dr. B. P. Pal"
11. Tuberose "Double"
12. Tulip
13. Commercial Stage of Harvest for Gerbera
14. Dry Storage of Gladiolus Spikes in Cool Chamber
15. Commercial Stage of Harvest for Roses
16. Packing Boxes for Gerbera
17. Conditioning of Gypsophila Flowers
18. Conditioning of Cut Spikes of Gladiolus
19. Carnation Cut Flowers Just After Harvest
20. Pulsing of Orchid Cut Flowers
21. Packed Flower Bunches of Gerbera
22. Packed Flower Bunches of Different Cut Rose Varieties
23. Evaluation of "Raktagandha" Cut Flowers in Test Tubes
24. Different Stages of Harvest of Carnation Cut Flowers
25. Packed Flower Bunches of Different Cut Rose Varieties
26. Bundled Roses Arranged in Packing Boxes
27. Rose cut Flowers are Covered with Corrugated Sheets Before Packing
28. Stage of Harvest for Rose cv. "Raktagandha"
29. Anthurium
30. Bulbous Begonia-Picotee
31. China Aster cv. "Phule Ganesh White"
32. Commercial Stage of Harvest for Carnation
33. Chrysanthemum cv. "Nilima"
34. Gerbera
35. Heliconia
36. Hippeastrum Hybrid
37. Marigold "Pusa Basanti Gainda"
38. Rose cv. "Nilambari"
39. Hemerocallis
40. Nelumbo "Pink"
41. Calathea Ornata "Roseo-Lineata"
42. Cordyline Terminalis "Fire Brand"
43. Dieffenbachia Annonea "Tropic Snow"
44. Dieffenbachia Maculata "Rudolph Roehrs"
45. Peperomla Obiusifolla
46. Philodendron "Ceylon Gold"
47. Schefflera Venulosa
48. Syngonium Podophyllum "Butterfly"
49. Ascocentrum Miniatum
50. Bulbous Begonia "Apricot"
51. Cyclamen
52. Laeliocattleya Hybrid
53. Primula Acaulis "Yellow Hybrid"
54. Vanda Sanderiana
55. Anthurium "Meringue"
56. Chrysanthemum cv. "Kundan"
57. Anthurium Scherzerium
58. Chrysanthemum cv. "Mother Teresa"
59. China Aster cv. "Poornima"
60. China Aster, a Variety of IIHR
61. Rose cv. "Ganga"
62. Rose cv. "Mrinalini"
63. Ceremonial Decoration with Jasmine
64. Jasmine Decorations for Hair Adornment
65. Garlands Made of Tinted Jasmine Flower Buds
66. Bridal Crown with Jasmine Flowers
67. Flower Ornaments
68. Garlands with Tuberose
69. Garland Predominantly Made of Jasmine
70. An Arrangement with Ornithogalum
71. Garlands Made of Jasmine Flowers & Red Roses
72. Flower Arrangement
73. Flower Arrangement
74. Flower Arrangement
75. Garlands from Jasmine in Loose Flower Market
76. View of Loose Flower Market
77. Flower Market at Coimbatore
78. Florist Shop with Different types of Cut Flowers
79. Dried Flowers and Plant Parts
80. Mimusops Elengi (Flowering Twig)
81. Rosa Species
82. Plumeria Species
83. Jasminum Sambac Flower Buds
84. Extraction of Essential oil from Roses
85. Commercial Cultivation of Jasmine
86. Pelargonium Graveolens
87. Essential Oil Extraction Unit from flowers
88. Essential Oil Extraction Unit from Jasmine
89. Jasmine Harvested Flowers Transported through van for Extraction
90. Essential oil Extraction Unit

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