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Propagation of Horticultural Crops Principles and Practices,8127206660,9788127206666

Propagation of Horticultural Crops Principles and Practices

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Book Information

Publisher:Kalyani Publishers
Published In:2005
ISBN-10:8127206660
ISBN-13:9788127206666
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:1.17 lbs
Pages:pp. xix + [i] + 272, Figures, 19 Plates (Col.), Tables, Glossary, References

The Title "Propagation of Horticultural Crops Principles and Practices" is written by R.R. Sharma. This book was published in the year 2005. The ISBN number 8127206660|9788127206666 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. This book has total of pp. xix + [i] + 272 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Kalyani Publishers. We have about 1492 other great books from this publisher. Propagation of Horticultural Crops Principles and Practices is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

A comprehensive Book on propagation and nursery Management of horticultural crops, which covers the principles, theory and practices in brief and simple language. Special emphasis has been given on seed propagation and nursery management. Similarly, a due attention has been paid to include some important chapters such as use of plastics in plant propagation, rejuvenation of old orchards, practical use of plant bioregulators etc. It is hoped that this book would be of great help to the UG and PG students, researchers, teachers, extension workers and alike in the field of horticulture.

About the Author

Dr. R.R. Sharma born on 14-03-1962 in a very poor brahmin Family of Village Jajri, Teh. Barsar, Distt. Hamirpur (Himachal Pradesh), Dr. Sharma completed his B.Sc. (Agri.) from HPKV, Palampur during 1983 under very harsh and tough conditions of the life. He joined IARI, New Delhi-110012 as Technical Assistant during 1985 and completed his Post Graduation from the same institute by securing top position in the Discipline of HORTICULTURE in 1994. He qualified ARS-1995 and since then he is working as Scientist in the Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, IARI, New Delhi and has completed recently his doctorate. During short tenure as scientist, he has published more than 30 research papers in journals of national and international repute, 60 popular articles in different magazines, contributed 10 chapters in books and given several radio and TV talks. His forthcoming books are The Strawberry (ICAR, New Delhi), Growing Strawberries (Intl. Book Distributing Co. Lucknow) and Fundamentals of Fruit Production (Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana).

Contents

1. INTRODUCTION :
Major Methods of Propagation, Genetical Concepts Concerning Plant Propagation

2. PLANT STRUCTURE :
Different Parts of a Plant, Inflorescence, Pollination, Fertilization, Life Cycle of Horticultural Plants

3. MEDIA FOR PROPAGATION :
Characteristics of an Ideal Medium, Criteria for Selection of a Medium, Characteristics of Commonly Used Media

4. PROPAGATING STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENTS :
Greenhouse, Hotbeds, Cold Frames, Mist Propagation Units, Net House, Lath House Etc

5. SEXUAL PROPAGATION :
Advantages and Disadvantages of Sexual Propagation, Development of Seed, Different Kinds of Seeds

6. SEED DORMANCY :
Types, Phases, Measures to Control Seed Dormancy

7. SEED GERMINATION :
Stages, Types, Factors and Treatment to Facilitate Seed Germination

8. SEED VIABILITY :
Factors Affecting Seed Viability, Methods of Testing Seed Viability

9. SEED PRODUCTION, TESTING AND CERTIFICATION :
Seed Production, Seed Testing Methods, Phases Seed Certification

10. NURSERY ESTABLISHMENT :
Pre-requisites, Importance of Nursery, Factors Affecting Nursery Establishment, Parts of a Nursery

11. NURSERY MANAGEMENT :
Seed Sowing, Transplanting, Nutrient, Insect-pest and Disease Management in Nursery

12. Marketing OF NURSERY PLANTS :
Lifting, Packing, Storage and Sale of Nursery Plants

13. TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES FOR NURSERY :
Important Tools (Secateurs, Forks, Pruning Shears, Knives, Saws) and Accessories (Tying and Wrapping Material Grafting Wax, Polythene Tapes, Supports, Baskets, Pots, Pesticides Etc.)

14. HORMONAL POWDERS, SOLUTIONS AND PASTES :
Types, Method of Preparation and Application of Hormonal Powders, Solutions and Pastes

15. ROUTINE NURSERY PRACTICES :
Clipping, Seed Sowing, Transplanting, Pricking, Disbudding, Deshooting, Staking, Soil Sterilization Etc.

16. VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION :
Advantages and Disadvantages, General Methods of Vegetative Propagation

17. GENERAL ASPECTS OF VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION :
The Clone, Production and Maintenance of a Clone, Variability in a Clone, Topophysis, Chimera Etc

18. PROPAGATION BY CUTTINGS : PRINCIPLES :
Advantages, Anatomical and Physiological Basis of Rooting, Factors Affecting Rooting in Cuttings

19. TYPES OF CUTTINGS :
Stem, Root, Leaf, Leaf Bud and Herbaceous Cuttings etc

20. PROPAGATION BY GRAFTING : PRINCIPLES :
Formation of Graft Union, Factors Affecting Graft Union, Limitations of Grafting Etc

21. GRAFT INCOMPATIBILITY :
Symptoms, Types and Causes of Graft Incompatibility

22. METHODS OF GRAFTING :
Attached Methods (Inarching, Tongue, Cleft, Bridge) and Detached Methods (Splice, Whip, Side, Notch, Bark) of Grafting Etc

23. SPECIAL GRAFTING TECHNIQUES :
Root Grafting, Nurse Root Grafting, Green Wood Grafting, Cutting Grafts, Soft-wood Grafting, Epicotyl Grafting, Micrografting Etc

24. STOCK-SCION RELATIONSHIPS :
Influence of Rootstock on Scion, Scion on Stock and Interstocks etc

25. BUDDING : THEORY AND PRINCIPLES :
Time of Budding, Bud Healing Process, Factors Affecting Budding etc

26. METHODS OF BUDDING :
T-budding, Inverted T Budding, Chip Budding, Patch Budding, Flute Budding, Micro Budding Etc

27. REJUVENATION OF OLD ORCHARDS :
Selection of Plants, Heading Back, Grafting/Budding Techniques, after Care of Grafted/Budded Plants

28. APOMIXIS :
Types of Apomixis and its Significance

29. PROPAGATION BY LAYERING :
Advantages and Disadvantages, Methods of Layering Like Tip, Simple, Serpentine, Trench, Air, Mound Etc

30. PROPAGATION BY SPECIALIZED ORGANS :
Tuber, Bulb, Rhizome, Suckers, Slips, Pseudobulbs, Runners, Stolon Etc

31. USE OF CHEMICALS IN PLANT PROPAGATION :
Use of Different Chemicals and Plant Growth Regulators in Sexual and Asexual Plant Propagation

32. ROLE OF PLASTICS IN PLANT PROPAGATION :
Uses in Greenhouse, Poly Tunnels, Tents, Polyhouses, Typing and Wrapping Material Etc

33. MICROPROPAGATION :
Basic Requirements, Advantages and Limitations and Methods of in Vitro Propagation Etc

34. MAJOR PROPAGATION METHODS OF FRUIT PLANTS :
Different Methods, Ease and Success, Commercial Feasibility Etc

35. PROPAGATION METHODS OF VEGETABLE AND PLANTATION :
Crops, Condiments and Spices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Brief Procedures of Commercial Propagation Methods of Important Vegetables, Plantation Crops, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

36. PROPAGATION METHODS OF FLORICULTURAL PLANTS :
Brief Procedures of Commercial Propagation Methods of Different Ornamental Plants

Selected References

List of Plates

1. A view of series of glass houses
2. A side view of a poly house
3. National Phytotron Facility built up at IARI, New Delhi
4. Tomato seedlings in the nursery beds ready for transplanting
5. Poly bags filled with soil mixes for seed sowing
6. Mango rootstocks seedling in poly bags ready for grafting
7. Earthen pots widely used for container grown plants in India
8. Mango shoot etiolated with black polyethylene sheet
9. Unrooted and rooted grape cuttings
10. Cured scion sticks of mango for side veneer grafting
11. A veneer grafted mango plant
12. Methodology of stone grafting in mango commercially employed in Konkan region of India
13. Air layered shoot of lemon
14. Profuse rooting in stooled plant of apple
15. A view of rooting in guava stools
16. Runner formation in strawberry
17. A view of flowering annuals raised in a plastic house
18. Different steps involved in raising grape through micropropagation
19. A mango explant growing in MS medium supplemented with activated charcoal

List of Tables

1. Botanical classification of fruits
2. Stratification requirement of seeds of some temperate fruit crops
3. The longevity and storage conditions for seeds of different fruit and plantation crops
4. The longevity and storage conditions for seeds of some vegetables and annual flowers
5. The size of sample to be submitted for testing to seed testing laboratory
6. A list of some F1 hybrids of vegetable crops released in India
7. Minimum seed certification standards for some vegetable crops
8. Deficiency symptoms of some important nutrients in the nursery plants
9. Common insect-pests and diseases of nursery and their management
10. Chemicals used for sterilizing explants in micropropagation
11. Composition and preparation of the stock solutions for MS basal medium
12. Composition and preparation of the stock solutions for 65 basal medium
13. A list of vegetable crops raised by vegetative methods of propagation
14. Common propagation methods of major condiments and spices grown in India
15. Common methods of propagation of medicinal and aromatic plants grown in India
16. Major bulbous plants and their commercial propagation methods
17. Common house plants and their commercial propagation methods
18. Important shrubs and trees and their commercial propagation methods

List of Figures

2.1. Common root systems
2.2. Different types of leaves found in horticultural plants
2.3. Phase changes in the life cycle of a seedling plant
2.4. Parts of a flower
2.5. Whorl of sepals and petals of a flower
2.6. Internal structure of some perfect flowers
2.7. Different types of inflorescences found in horticultural plants
2.8. Structure of a flower pistil showing the process of fertilization
2.9a. Fleshy and dry fruits
2.9b. Female cone of Pinus roxburghii

2.10. A coniferous plant
2.11. Angiospermic plants
4.1. A cold frame widely used propagating structure in temperate climate
4.2. Plants growing in a cold frame
4.3. A small mist propagation unit
4.4. Components of an intermittent mist propagation unit
4.5. A small poly tunnel
4.6. A commonly used electric propagator in advance countries
5.1. Different kinds of seeds produced by horticultural plants
7.1. Seed germination in dicots
9.1. Different types of tiers used for seed sampling
10.1. Lay-out plan of an ideal nursery
13.1. Different instruments used in the nursery
17.1. Phase variation in a mature seedling plant
17.2. Different types of chimeras observed in horticultural plants
17.3. Different stages of development of graft chimera in nightshade and tomato
18.1. Schematic representation of involvement of rooting co-factors in rooting process of cuttings
19.1. Preparation of soft wood cutting from the plants
19.2. Propagation by root cuttings
19.3. Root cuttings
19.4. Different types of cuttings and their relative position on the plant
20.1. Components of a grafted plant
20.2. Polarity in grafting
21.1. Development of an out growth at graft union, a symptom of graft incompatibility
22.1. Different methods of approach grafting
22.2. Different steps involved in bridge grafting
22.3. Different steps involved in whip grafting
22.4. Methodology of tongue grafting
22.5. Different steps involved in stub grafting
22.6. Methodology of cleft grafting
22.7. Bark grafting
23.1. Three different components of a double worked plant
23.2. Different steps involved in nurse-seed grafting
23.3. Soft-wood grafting
23.4. Epicotyl or stone grafting
23.5. Renewal grafting
26.1. Position of "T" cut on the stock
26.2. Method of insertion of shield on to the stock in "T" budding
26.3. Different types of budding
26.4. Prepared bud-stick
28.1. Development of nucellar embryos in citrus
29.1. Tip layering
29.2. Methodology involved in simple layering
29.3. Serpentine layering
29.4. Different steps of trench layering
29.5. Methodology of stooling
30.1. Tubers of dahlia
30.2. Formation of offsets in (a) Chives, (b) Lily
30.3. Gladiolus corm
30.4. Lily plant showing bulbil production
30.5. (a) Tuberous roots of dahlia (b) Tuberous begonia plant
30.6. Runner production in strawberry plant
32.1. A poly tunnel widely used for raising flower and vegetable seedlings
33.1. Different types of micropropagation systems employed in horticultural crops
33.2. Different steps involved in meristem tip culture
33.3. Flow diagram for en masse production of grape under in vitro conditions

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