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Practical Plant Breeding,8177542400,9788177542400

Practical Plant Breeding

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Book Information

Publisher:Agrobios (India)
Published In:2009
ISBN-10:8177542400
ISBN-13:9788177542400
Binding Type:Hardback
Weight:1.58 lbs
Pages:pp. xx + 303, Figures, Tables, Appendices, References, Notes

is written by S.K. Gupta. The publisher of this title is Agrobios (India).

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About the Book

The book 'Practical Plant Breeding' concentrates on floral biology, selfing and crossing techniques, Breeding objectives, breeding methods and breeding accomplishments of each crop. The whole volume is packed into 28 chapters. Chapters 1-3 deal with the general aspects of breeding crop plants; practical accounts of developing high yielding varieties in cereals, oilseeds and pulses (chapter 4-16); practical approaches to develop hybrids (chapter 17); field plot techniques and genetic designs (chapter 18); methods for estimation of different quality parameters and chromosome techniques (chapter 19-20); gene recombinations in F2 and response to selection (chapter 21-22); male sterility, self incompatibility and breeding records (chapter 23-25); varietal testing and release in India and seed production (chapter 26-27) and methods of growth analysis (chapter 28). This book will serve as a text book for graduate students of different agricultural universities of India as a Ready Reckoner for the professionals, who are actively engaged in development of varieties in crop plants.

About the Author

Dr. S. K. Gupta is currently working as Associate Professor-cum-Senior Scientist, Division of Plant Breeding & Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology, Jammu, hold brilliant academic and service records, devoted primarily to research on oilseed Brassicas for nearly one and a half decades. He obtained his M. Sc. and Ph.D. from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, 1984 and 1987, respectively.

He is a recipient of Post-Doctoral Fellowship in plant biotechnology. He has published 70 research papers in esteemed journals of national and international repute on Brassicas. He has already published two books, one on 'Advances in Oilseed Brassicas', Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi /Ludhiana and other 'PLANT BREEDING - THEORY AND TECHNIQUES', Agrobios (I) Publishers, Jodhpur. He has developed several elite lines of rapeseed-mustard (B. napus, B. juncea and B. campestris var. toria). Of these, three have been released for cultivation. For his excellent scientific work, he has been conferred 'Young Scientist Award-1993-94' by the State Department of Science & Technology.

Contents

The United Nations united-nations" Title="united-nations">United Nations ord/organization-for-economic" Title="organization-for-economic">Organization for Economic AND TOMORROW :
1. Evolution in Plant Breeding
2. Achievements of Plant Breeders
3. Limitations of Conventional Breeding
4. Plant Breeding Objectives in Molecular Terms
5. Prospects
References

II. REPRODUCTION AND SEED DEVELOPMENT IN CROP PLANTS :
1. Types of Reproduction
i. Sexual Reproduction

2. Inflorescence
3. Pollination :
i. Cross and Self-pollination
Reference

III. TECHNIQUES IN SELFING AND CROSSING :
1. Requirements or Crossing or Artificial Hybridization :
i. Self-pollination
ii. Cross-pollination
Reference

IV. WHEAT :
1. Floral Biology
2. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Emasculation

3. Breeding Objectives
4. Breeding Methods :
i. Introduction
ii. Pure-line Selection
iii. Hybridization
iv. Pedigree Breeding
v. Bulk Method
vi. Single-Seed Descent
vii. Backcross Method
viii. Multiline Cultivars
ix. Hybrid Wheat
x. Breeding Accomplishments

5. Agro-climatic Zones :
i. Varietal Descriptors
Reference

V. MAIZE :
1. Floral Biology
2. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Selfing

3. Crossing
4. Breeding Objectives :
i. Breeding for High Yield
ii. Breeding for Lodging Resistance
ii. Breeding to Heat and Drought
iv. Breeding for Disease Resistance
v. Breeding for Insect Resistance
vi. Breeding for High Protein Quality

5. Breeding Methods
6. Hybrids :
i. Predicting Hybrid Performance
ii. Breeding Accomplishments

7. Agroclimatic Zones
8. Standard Varietal Descriptors

VI. RICE :
1. Botanical Description
2. Floral Biology :
i. Anthesis

3. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Selfing
iii. Crossing
iv. Mechanical Method
v. Hot Water Treatment

4. Breeding Objectives :
i. Breeding Methods
ii. Breeding Accomplishments

5. Agroclimatic Zones :
i. Varietal Descriptors
References

VII. BARLEY :
1. Floral Biology :
i. Species of Cultivated Barley

2. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Selfing
Crossing
iii. Emasculation
iv. Pollination
v. Steps for Pollination
vi. Methods for Collection of Pollen and Application
vii. Breeding Objectives
viii. Breeding Methods

3. Breeding Accomplishments :
i. Standard Varietal Descriptors
References

VIII. BRASSICA :
1. Floral Biology :
i. Equipments Required

2. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Pollination
ii. Selfing

3. Breeding Objectives :
i. Breeding for High Seed Yield
ii. Breeding for Disease Resistance
iii. Breeding for Insect-pest Resistance
iv. Breeding for Winter Hardiness and Frost Resistance
v. Breeding for Shattering Resistance
vi. Breeding for Better Oil and Meal Quality

4. Breeding Methods :
i. Selection Methods
ii. Bulk Method
iii. Pedigree Method
iv. Back-cross Method
v. Composite and Synthetic Varieties
vi. Hybridization
vii. Polyploidy
viii. Mutation Breeding
ix. Development of Hybrids
x. Breeding Accomplishments

5. Agro-climatic Zones
6. Characterization and Preliminary Evaluation
References

IX. LINSEED :
1. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Breeding Objectives
iii. Breeding Methods

2. Disease Resistance
3. Breeding Accomplishments :
i. Pre-AICORPO Period
ii. Post-AICORPO Period

4. Linseed Fibre
5. Agro-climatic Zones
References

X. SESAME :
1. Floral Biology
2. Important Species
3. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required

4. Breeding Methods :
i. Breeding Accomplishments

5. Agroclimatic Zones :
i. Standard Varietal Descriptors
References

XI. Groundnut :
1. Floral Biology
2. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Selfing
iii. Crossing
iv. Pollination
v. Modified Hybridization Techniques
vi. Breeding Objectives

3. Agroclimatic Zones
4. Slandaid Varietal Descriptors
References

XII. SOYBEAN :
1. Soybean and its Relatives
2. Floral Biology
3. Selling and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Crossing
iii. Pollination
iv. Breeding Objectives
v. Breeding Methods
vi. Breeding Accomplishments

4. Agroclimatic Zones :
i. Standard Varietal Descriptors
Reference

XIII. CHICKPEA :
1. Floral Biology :
i. Anthesis

2. Selling and Crossing Techniques :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Selfing
iii. Crossing
iv. Venktaraman's (1925) Technique
v. Pollination

3. Varieties and Species
4. Objectives in Breeding Chickpea :
i. Breeding for High Yield
ii. Breeding for Shattering Resistance
iii. Breeding for Disease Resistance
iv. Breeding for Insect Resistance
v. Breeding for Quality

5. Breeding Methods :
i. Breeding Accomplishments
References

XIV. PIGEON PEA :
1. Floral Biology :
i. Anthesis
ii. Selfing and Crossing Techniques
iii. Emasculation

2. Varieties
3. Breeding Objectives :
i. Breeding for Resistance to Biotic Stresses
ii. Breeding Accomplishments
References

15. COWPEA :
1. Floral Biology :
i. Anthesis

2. Selfing Crossing and Technique :
i. Equipments Required
ii. Selfing
iii. Crossing
iv. Pollination
v. Breeding Objectives

3. Breeding Methods
4. Agroclimatic Zones
References

XVI. COTTON :
1. Floral Biology
2. Selfing and Crossing Techniques :
i. selfing
ii. Crossing

3. Breeding Objectives :
i. Breeding Accomplishments
ii. Agroclimatic Zones
iii. Standard Varietal Descriptors
Reference

XVII. PRACTICAL APPROACHES TO HETEROSIS BREEDING :
1. Practical Significance
2. Estimation of Extent of Yield Heterosis in the Experimental Hybrids
3. Expression of Heterosis
4. Causes of Expression of Heterosis
5. Mechanism of Heterosis
6. Interaction Between Non-alleles
7. Nucleocytoplasmic Interaction
8. Utilization of Cytoplasmic Male Sterility for Hybrid Seed Production :
i. Basic Knowledge of Three Lines (A, B and R)
ii. Characteristics of A, B and R-lines
iii. Requirements of Three Lines
iv. Development of MS Line
v. How can Male Sterility be Transferred
vi. Development of New MS Line Through Inter Specific Hybridization
vii. Development of MS Lines by using Gametocides
viii. Multiplication and Maintenance of Male Sterile and B line
ix. Field Management and Maintenance of MS and B line
x. Identification of Restorer Line
xi. Transfer of Restorer Gene R from a Restorer Strain to another Strain

9. Genetic Male Sterility and Hybrid Seed Production
10. Pistillateness and Hybrid Seed Production
11. Hand Emasculation and Pollination
References

XVIII. FIELD PLOT TECHNIQUES AND GENETIC DESIGNS :
1. Arifhmatic Mean (A.M.)
2. Median
3. Dispersion :
i. Measures of Dispersion

4. Standard Deviation :
i. Standard Deviation of Combined Series

5. Variance
6. Standard Error
7. Co-efficient of Variation (C.V.)
8. Comparison of Differences
9. Experimental Designs :
i. Experiment
ii. Treatment
iii. Experimental Unit
iv. Experimental Material
v. Yield
vi. Block
vii. Precision
viii. Accuracy
ix. Experimental Error
x. Design of Experiment

10. Screening Designs
11. Evaluational Designs :
i. Completely Randomized Design (CRD)
ii. Randomized Block Design

12. Genetic Design :
i. Design I (NC-1)
ii. North Carolina Design-II
iii. North Carolina Design-III
iv. Assumptions Underlying Design I, II and III

13. Latin Square Design :
i. Analysis of Variance of Latin Square

14. Split-plot Design
15. Multiple Comparisons :
i. Fisher's Protected LSD Method
ii. Newman - Keul's Multiple Range Test
iii. Tukey's HSD Method
iv. Duncan 's Multiple Range Test
References

XIX. ESTIMATION OF QUALITY PARAMETERS :
1. Determination of Physical Constants
2. Determination of Crude Fibre
3. Method for Aflatoxins
4. Estimation of Glucosinolates (Raney and McGregor, 1990) :
i. HPLC Method
ii. GLC Method (Daun and McGregor, 1983)
iii. l-14C-Acetate Incorporation into Lipids

5. Carbohydrates
6. Enzymic Assays :
i. Isozymic Analysis

7. Proteins :
i. Determination of Total Proteins
ii. Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis of Proteins

8. Antinutritional Factors
References

XX. CHROMOSOME TECHNIQUES :
1. Prefixation or Pretreatment
2. Pretreating Agents :
i. Colchicine
ii. Para-dichlorobenzene (PDB)
iii. 8-Hydroxyquinoline (8-HQ)
iv. α-Bromonaphthalene
v. Acenaphthene
vi. Chloral Hydrate
vii. Coumarin

3. Fixation :
i. Flemming's (1882) Fixative
ii. Camay's (1886) Fixative

4. Staining :
i. Feulgen Solution
ii. Acetocarmine
iii. Acetoorcein
iv. Acetolacmoid
v. Crystal Violet

5. Chromosome Banding :
i. Quinacrine Banding
ii. Hoechst 33258 Banding
iii. Giemsa Banding (G-banding)
iv. Reverse Fluorescent Banding
v. C-banding
vi. Feulgen Banding
vii. Silver Banding (Ag-NOR Banding
viii. N-banding
ix. Orcein Banding

6. Molecular Techniques :
i. In situ Hybridization (ISH) Technique
ii. Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH) Technique
iii. Multicolour Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (McFISH) Technique
iv. Genomic in situ Hybridization (GISH) Technique
v. Computer Assisted Chromosome Analysis

XXI. RESPONSE TO SELECTION PRESSURE :
1. Agencies involved in Carrying out Selection :
i. Natural Selection
ii. Artificial Selection
iii. Purpose

2. Elements of Selection Response :
i. Selection Intensity
ii. Selection Differential (S)
iii. Selection Response (R)

3. Correlated Response to Selection
4. Approaches to Study Correlated Responses :
i. Types of Correlated Response
Reference

XXII. GENE RECOMBINATION IN F2 :
1. Factors Affecting Gene Recombination in F2 :
i. Gene Segregation and Recombination
ii. Number of Alleles at each Locus
iii. Behaviour after Generation F2
iv. Handling of Segregating Generations
v. Handling of Segregating Generation by Pedigree Method
vi. Bulk Method for Handling Segregating Generations

2. Modifications of Bulk Method for Handling Segregating Generations :
i. Mass-Pedigree
ii. Single Seed Descent Method (SSD)
iii. Backcross Method
References

XXIII. SELF INCOMPATIBILITY :
1. Gametophytic Incompatibility :
i. Sporophytic System

2. Methods to Overcome Self-incompatibility :
i. Bud-pollination
ii. Delayed Pollination
iii. End of Season Effects
iv. Irradiation
v. Mentor Effects
vi. High Temperature
vii. Hormones and Inhibitors
viii. Surgical Techniques
ix. Electric Aided Pollination
x. Fertilization in Vitro

3. Maintenance of Self-incompatibility and Hybrid Seed Production :
i. Single Cross
ii. Double Cross
iii. Triple Cross
References

XXIV. MALE STERILITY :
1. Maintenance and Propagation
2. Identification of Genetic Male Sterility
3. Cytoplasmic Male Sterility :
i. Cytoplasmic-Genetic Male Sterility System
Reference

XXV. BREEDING RECORDS :
1. Cross Designation :
i. Minnesota Method
ii. Alberta System
iii. Crossing Book
Reference

XXVI. VARIETAL TESTING AND RELEASE IN INDIA :
1. Evaluation of Test Entries
2. Advance Varietal Trials (AVT-I)
3. Advance Varietal Trial (AVT-II) :
i. Variety Identification System
ii. State Varietal Identification System
References

XXVII. SEED PRODUCTION AND RELATED ORGANIZATIONS IN THE WORLD :
1. Production of Seed of Field Crops
2. Multiplication of Quality Seed :
i. Nucleus Seed
ii. Breeder Seed Production
iii. Foundation Seed
iv. Certified Seed
v. System of Seed Production at Plant Breeding Institute (PBI), Cambridge
vi. Self-pollinated Crops
vii. Oilseed Rape
viii. Cross Pollinated Crops

3. Seed Related Organizations in the World :
i. International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV)
ii. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Seed Scheme
iii. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Quality Declared Seed System
iv. Association of Official Seed-Certifying Agencies (AOSCA)
v. International Seed Testing Association (ISTA)
vi. Asia and Pacific Seed Association (APSA)
vii. International Seed Trade Federation (Federation International DU Commerce Des-Fis)
viii. Association of Official Seed Analysts (AOSA)
Reference

XXVIII. METHODS OF GROWTH ANALYSIS :
1. Requirements for Growth Analysis
2. How To Determine the Measured Quantities on which the Growth Analysis is Based :
i. Fresh Weight
ii. Dry Weight
iii. Volume
iv. Area
v. Units for Growth Analysis

3. Growth Characteristics :
i. Absolute Growth Rate (AGR)
ii. Crop Growth Rate (CGR)
iii. Relative Growth Rate
iv. Net Assimilation Rate or Unit Leaf Rate
v. Leaf Area Index (LAI)
vi. Leaf Area Ratio
vii. Specific Leaf Area
viii. Leaf Weight Ratio

4. Application of Growth Analysis
Reference

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