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Quantum Nanoelectronics An Introduction to Electronic Nanotechnology and Quantum Computing,3527407499,9783527407491

Quantum Nanoelectronics An Introduction to Electronic Nanotechnology and Quantum Computing

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Book Information

Publisher:John Wiley & Sons
Published In:2009
ISBN-10:3527407499
ISBN-13:9783527407491
Binding Type:Paperback
Weight:2.20 lbs
Pages:pp. 456

The Title "Quantum Nanoelectronics An Introduction to Electronic Nanotechnology and Quantum Computing" is written by Edward L. Wolf. This book was published in the year 2009. The ISBN number 3527407499|9783527407491 is assigned to the Paperback version of this title. This book has total of pp. 456 (Pages). The publisher of this title is John Wiley & Sons. We have about 122962 other great books from this publisher. Quantum Nanoelectronics An Introduction to Electronic Nanotechnology and Quantum Computing is currently Available with us.

About the Book

Here, the experienced author, Ed Wolf, introduces the current situation and presents a guide to the new possibilities for computing technology. This textbook is the first to handle those important areas not covered in existing books on nanoelectronics, such as quantum computing and alternative energy technology. Intended to be self-contained for students with two years of calculus-based college physics, with corresponding fundamental knowledge in mathematics, computing and chemistry. Cover graphics: Arindam Bandyopadhyay

About the Author

Edward L. Wolf is Professor of Physics at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University. His long-term teaching experience ranges from undergraduate courses to the direction of thesis research. Professor Wolf's career has included industrial research as well as academic appointments and service as a Program Director at the National Science Foundation. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society. He has authored over 100 refereed publications as well as a monograph on the principles of Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy. The second edition of his successful textbook 'Nanophysics and Nanotechnology' has been published recently. In 2007, Professor Wolf received Polytechnic's "Jacobs Excellence in Education Award".

Contents

Preface. 1 Introduction and Review of Electronic Technology. 1.1 Introduction: Functions of Electronic Technology. 1.1.1 Review of Electronic Devices. 1.1.2 Sources of Current and Voltage: DC. 1.1.2.1 Batteries: Lithium Ion, Ni Cd, NiMH, and Supercapacitors . 1.1.2.2 Thermionic Emitters. 1.1.2.3 Field Emitters. 1.1.2.4 Ferroelectric and Pyroelectric Devices. 1.1.3 Generators of Alternating Current and Voltage: AC. 1.1.3.1 Faraday Effect Devices. 1.1.3.2 Crystal Oscillators. 1.1.3.3 Gunn Diode Oscillators. 1.1.3.4 Esaki Diodes. 1.1.3.5 Injection Lasers. 1.1.3.6 Organic Light Emitting Diodes. 1.1.3.7 Blackbody Emission of Radiation. 1.1.4 Detectors. 1.1.4.1 Photomultiplier and Geiger Counter. 1.1.4.2 Photodetector, Solar Cell, and pn Junction. 1.1.4.3 Imaging Detector, CCD Camera, and Channel Plate. 1.1.4.4 SQUID Detector of Magnetic Field and Other Quantities. 1.1.5 Two-Terminal Devices. 1.1.5.1 Semiconductor pn Junction (Nonohmic). 1.1.5.2 Metal Semiconductor Junction and Alternative Solar Cell. 1.1.5.3 Tunnel Junction (An Ohmic Device). 1.1.5.4 Josephson Junction. 1.1.5.5 Resonant Tunnel Diode (RTD, RITD). 1.1.5.6 Spin-Valve and Tunnel-Valve GMR Magnetic Field Detectors. 1.1.6 Three-Terminal Devices. 1.1.6.1 Field Effect Transistor. 1.1.6.2 Bipolar Junction Transistors: npn and pnp. 1.1.6.3 Resonant Tunneling Hot-Electron Transistor (RHET). 1.1.7 Four-Terminal Devices. 1.1.7.1 Thyristors: npnp and pnpn. 1.1.7.2 Dynamic Random Access Memory. 1.1.7.3 Triple-Barrier RTD (TBRTD). 1.1.8 Data Storage Devices. 1.1.8.1 Optical Memory Devices. 1.1.8.2 Electrical Computer Memory Devices. References. 2 From Electronics to Nanoelectronics: Particles, Waves, and Schrödinger's Equation. 2.1 Transition from Diffusive Motion of Electron Fluid to Quantum Behavior of Single Electrons. 2.1.1 Vacuum Triode to Field Effect Transistor to Single Electron Transistor. 2.1.2 Crystal Detector Radio to Photomultiplier and Gamma Ray Detector. 2.2 Particle (Quantum) Nature of Matter: Photons, Electrons, Atoms, and Molecules. 2.2.1 Photons. 2.2.2 Electrons. 2.2.3 Atoms, Bohr's Model. 2.2.3.1 Quantization of Angular Momentum and Orbit Energy. 2.2.3.2 Light Absorption and Emission Lines. 2.2.3.3 Magnetic Moments of Orbiting Electrons. 2.2.3.4 Stern Gerlach Experiment and Electron Spin. 2.3 Particle Wave Nature of Light and Matter, De Broglie Formulas E = hv. 2.3.1 Wavefunction ψ, Probability Density ψ*ψ, Traveling and Standing Waves. 2.4 Maxwell's Equations. 2.5 The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. 2.6 Schrödinger Equation, Quantum States and Energies, Barrier Tunneling. 2.6.1 Schrödinger Equations in One Dimension. 2.6.2 The Trapped Particle in One Dimension. 2.6.3 Reflection and Tunneling at a Potential Step. 2.6.4 Penetration of a Barrier. 2.6.5 Trapped Particles in Two and Three Dimensions: Quantum Dot. 2.7 The Simple Harmonic Oscillator. 2.8 Fermions, Bosons, and Occupation Rules. 2.9 A Bose Particle System: Thermal Radiation in Equilibrium. References. 3 Quantum Description of Atoms and Molecules. 3.1 Schrödinger Equation in Spherical Polar Coordinates. 3.1.1 The Hydrogen Atom, One-Electron Atoms. 3.1.2 Positronium and Excitons. 3.1.3 Magnetization M, Magnetic Resonance, and Susceptibility X. 3.1.4 Electric Dipole Emission Selection Rules for Atoms. 3.1.5 Spontaneous and Stimulated Emission of Light. 3.2 Indistinguishable Particles and Their Exchange Symmetry. 3.2.1 Symmetric and Antisymmetric Wavefunctions. 3.2.2 Orbital and Spin Components of Wavefunction. 3.2.3 Pauli Principle and Periodic Table of Elements. 3.2.3.1 Filled Atomic Shells. 3.2.3.2 Qualitative Aspects of Smallest Atoms. 3.2.3.3 Alkali Atoms, Filled Core Plus One Electron. 3.2.4 Carbon Atom 12 6C 1s22s22p2 ~ 0.07 nm. 3.2.5 Cu, Ni, Xe, Hf. 3.3 Molecules. 3.3.1 Ionic Molecules. 3.3.2 Covalent Bonding in Simple Molecules. 3.3.2.1 Hydrogen Molecule Ion H2. 3.3.2.2 Hydrogen Molecule. 3.3.2.3 Methane CH4, Ethane C2H6, and Octane C8H18. 3.3.2.4 Ethylene C2H4, Acetylene C2H2, and Benzene C6H6. 3.3.2.5 Benzene Delocalized Orbitals, Diamagnetism. 3.3.2.6 Diamagnetic Susceptibility of Benzene. 3.3.2.7 Modeling Delocalized Electrons in a Ring. 3.3.2.8 Other Ring Compounds, Electronic Polarizability. 3.3.3 C60 Buckyball Molecule. References. 4 Metals, Semiconductors, and Junction Devices. 4.1 Metals. 4.1.1 Electronic Conduction. 4.1.1.1 Resistivity, Mean Free Path. 4.1.1.2 Hall Effect, Magnetoresistance. 4.1.2 Metals as Boxes of Free Electrons. 4.1.2.1 Fermi Level, DOS, Dimensionality. 4.2 Energy Bands in Periodic Structures. 4.2.1 Model for Electron Bands and Gaps, Electrons and Holes. 4.2.2 Si, Gas, and InSb. 4.2.3 Semiconductors and Insulators: Electron Bands and Conduction. 4.2.4 Hydrogenic Donors and Excitons in Semiconductors, Direct and Indirect Bandgaps.

Excerpts from Inner Flap (Front)

Quantum Nanoelectronics is the first textbook to handle important growth, including adiabatic quantum computing, nanoelectronic aspects of ink-printed thin film solar cells, nanostructured electrodes, solar water splitting, and convenient hydrogen storage, thereby suggesting profitable new directions for nanoelectronic technology. Expanded tutorial coverage is provided for aspects of molecular electronics, from the basics of electronic conduction through chemical bonds to a sixteen-bit computing device. The reader, whether student or professional, is encouraged to use simple theoretical models and to return to the entrepreneurial approach of the pioneers in the Moore's Law revolution.

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