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Textbook of Dairy Plant Layout and Design,8171640222,9788171640225

Textbook of Dairy Plant Layout and Design

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Book Information

Publisher:Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Published In:2010
ISBN-10:8171640222
ISBN-13:9788171640225
Binding Type:Hardback
Weight:1.45 lbs
Pages:pp. vii + 209, Illus., References, Acknowledgement

The Title "Textbook of Dairy Plant Layout and Design" is written by C.S. Viswanath. This book was published in the year 2010. The ISBN number 8171640222|9788171640225 is assigned to the Hardback version of this title. This book has total of pp. vii + 209 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Indian Council of Agricultural Research. We have about 683 other great books from this publisher. Textbook of Dairy Plant Layout and Design is currently Available with us.

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About the Book

The Textbook on Dairy Plant Layout and Design contains information on building materials, construction and maintenance of Dairy Plant and building, formulae, data, equipment symbols and specifications and this makes the Book indispensable for target readers including Banking and Financial Institutions who will know what a project report should reflect for lending loan to intending borrowers. Since the book tells "how to design a dairy"? therefore, its possession is equally ideal for small to large capital investors and entrepreneurs.

This textbook is useful for Dairy students, technologist, managers, engineers, architects, consultants, banking and financial institutions, dairy factories, colleges and university libraries, dairy professionals and entrepreneurs.

About the Author

The author Prof. Lalat Chander was associated with Panjab University (when National Dairy Research Institute was affiliated to it) and later with Kurukshetra University where he has been a member of academic council Board of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and faculty of Dairying, Animal Husbandry and Agriculture. He has vast and varied experience in Industry and teaching at various levels in India and abroad.

Contents

Preface

Part A :
1. INTRODUCTION :
Introduction to the subject dairy plant layout and design, perishable nature of milk, flexibility, milk procurement and reception at dairy plant, contamination and its prevention, cleaning and sterilization.

2. LOCATION AND SITE SELECTION FOR DAIRY PLANTS :
Difference between location and site, location, types of location, location problems, classification of dairy plants, location of fluid milk plant, location of milk product dairy, supporting reasons and essential requirements, selection of site, Topography nature of ground and transport facilities.

3. PLANNING AND PRINCIPLES OF DAIRY LAYOUT :
Planning and principles of dairy layout, dairy building planning, important factors relating to planning, planning of dairy processing schedule, basis of dairy layout, operational layouts, principles of dairy layout, planning for operations, processing of products and storage, selection of equipment, planning and its importance

4. ARRANGEMENT OF DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF DAIRY :
Arrangement of primary rooms, secondary, rooms, arrangement concept of various sections of dairy in general, utility sections, planning and arrangement of small milk plant, medium size dairy plant and large size dairy, arrangement of weighing and can washing units. Layout for multiple reception line. Arrangement of bottling section, prepack/tetrapack milk filling. Layout and arrangement of milk treatment, processing, product rooms, service sections, boiler room, refrigeration machinery room, workshops and garages etc. in relation to each other. Office layouts and their linking with dairy plant. Missing view problems, milk reception and despatch docks.

5. ARRANGEMENT OF DAIRY EQUIPMENT AND LAYOUT :
Milk receiving equipment, bulk milk receiving, milk piping, can washing, pasteurizer, homogenizer, ice-cream freezer, consideration of C.I.P. system, boiler and refrigeration machinery, conveyors, types of conveyors. Arrangement of all piping, colour code, identification of pipe lines, processing area, dry storage and packaged products. Time and motion studies on labour efficiency. Purpose of studies, procedure and application for improvement of plant efficiency

6. AREA AND SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR MILK-PLANTS :
General requirements for dairy plant, empirical formula, service requirements, such as steam, refrigeration and water. Development and presentation of layout, model planning, Graphics and templates, use of layout planning table in developing plot plan and detail layout. Basic concept and placing of symbol of equipment in the layout

7. FLOOR PLAN AND FLOW PLANS :
Floor plan, important points related to floor plan, basic flow, plans straight line type layout, L-type layout, U-type layout and T-type layout. Shapes of plots, applicability of layout to suit a particular shape of plot. Products to be manufactured and stored, basement floor and its utility. Single storey design, multilevel design and its advantages

8. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL AND TYPE OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION :
Choice of building construction materials, timber (wood), stone, brick, cement, concrete, lime concrete, reinforced cement concrete R.C.C., prestressed cement concrete P.C.C., slump test, curing of cement concrete surfaces, damp proof course DPC. Different metals and alloys used in dairy industry - copper, copper alloys, nickel, tin, aluminium, steel, iron, glass, glass coated steel, stainless steel etc., PVC, rubber, thermocole and cork Dairy building - parts of building, foundation, How To determine width of foundation, DPC

9. DAIRY FLOORS AND DRAINS :
General requirements of dairy floor finishes, various types of floors, structural base in dairy floors, finish for milk reception/despatch docks; milk reception room, milk processing room, cross section of floors for milk reception dock and processing room, concrete floors, floor finish for cold store, mandana stone floor, chequered tile floor, metal tile cast iron grid floor, insulated floors, non-slip floors, marblex flooring, timber floor, wood block floors and ironite floors. Economy in floors, maintenance of floors and terminology of masonry terms
Drains
Drains for dairy floors, types of drains, slope in drain, sewer pipe socket and spigot joint, planning of drains, drain layout for a large milk processing hall

10. WALLS, ROOFS, CEILINGS, DOORS, Windows AND SKYLIGHTS :
Walls
Walls - types of walls, material used for walls, hollow glazed tiles, structural
ceramic tiles, ceramic tiles, walls for cold store and insulated walls
Roofs and Ceilings
Types of roofs, recommendation for roof construction, roof finishes, ceilings and false ceilings
Doors, Windows and Skylights
Doors - types of doors and their construction, collapsible doors, rolling
shutters, types of windows and their construction, glass block for windows, light directing and light diffusing glass and their specific application in dairy factory, skylights, their merits and demerits

11. VENTILATION AND ILLUMINATION :
Ventilation - Ventilation in dairy factory, methods, moisture and condensation, problems and solution, exhaust requirements, heating and air-conditioning, illumination (lighting) - illumination and its importance, types of light sources, requirement of good lighting, light intensities and colours reflectance values of different colours, standards of illumination as recommended for dairy industry

12. WATER SUPPLY, WATER TREATMENT AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL :
Water and its correction, water sources, soft water, hard water, sanitary quality, water defects, water treatment - water softening, water requirements for dairy plant, hot water requirement, cleaning requirements - costing, sewage disposal, characteristics of sewage, protection of water sources from household wastes, septic tank system, operation and construction, care and maintenance. Effluent sewer-treatment methods and disposal

13. DAIRY BUILDING MAINTENANCE :
General maintenance of building, maintenance of floors, walls, ramps, stairways, railing skylights, roofs, drains, paints and painted surfaces, ventilating and lighting fixtures, dairy building maintenance schedule at glance

14. DEFINITIONS, SYMBOLS AND CONVENTIONS AND USEFUL TABLES :
Definitions of some milk and milk products operations, building symbols and conventions, piping symbols and conventions, sanitary symbols, electrical and welding symbols and conventions
Useful tables
Conversion tables, surface equivalents, area and volumes, cubic foot equivalent, properties of various metal and alloys. Depreciation (Life period of dairy equipment), recommended storage temperatures and humidities

Part B :
15. HOW To DESIGN A DAIRY? :
Preliminary survey with respect to geographical location, climate, milk production, milk transportation, utilization, packaging and distribution, services available, availability of man power, equipment and material, dairy project report preparation and project formulation

16. DESIGNING DAIRY AND OFFICE LAYOUTS :
Importance of project report and its application to layout, order of steps to be followed in designing dairy layout, final check list. A case study Staff requirements, organizational charts, human resource development

17. DAIRY LAYOUTS AND TREATISE :
Design and layout concept of small, medium and large size dairy plants and their layouts. Design and layout of a small ice-cream plant, plant layout for a cheese factory, plant layout for ghee and butter factory, layout for condensed and dried milk plant. Design of dairy plant capacity 10000 litres - 50000 litres of milk handling per day and its commercial aspects

Typical layout of milk reception dock capacity 10000 to 20000 litres of milk handling per day

Typical layout of a milk plant handling 5000 litres of milk per day (milk reception though insulated milk tankers)

Typical layout of flavoured milk and ghee plant capacity 5000 litres of milk handling per day. (milk reception through milk cans)

Typical plant layout of milk and butter factory capacity 20000 litres of milk handling per day

18. PLAN SYMBOLS OF DAIRY EQUIPMENT :
Concept and contours of various dairy equipment and machines symbols of various dairy equipments of all sections as are used in layout plans for representing them specifically. Symbols for milk reception dock - room equipment, butter and ghee making equipment, ice-cream making equipment including homogenizer, freezers etc., cheese making equipment, various types of conveyors, milk drying equipment - roller and spray drying plant, compressor and condensing units etc. milk pump with motor, dock with railway siding

19. SPECIFICATIONS OF DAIRY EQUIPMENT AND MACHINES :
Detail specifications of dairy equipment and machines showing their capacities, length, breadth and height for practical use in dairy plant layout

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